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Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. 1999 Fall; 8(3):195-198.Two-thirds of the women in the 1998 Canadian Contraception Study are familiar with sterilization as a method of birth control, and they generally think highly of this method. Among women who have been sterilized or whose partners have undergone vasectomy, rates of satisfaction are very high. The rate of sterilization, 23% overall, includes 10% of women who have had the operation, and 14% of their partners. The increasing use of male sterilization is appropriate, given the low morbidity attached to this procedure. This operation should continue to increase in prevalence, as 75% of women who have decided on future sterilization wish their partner to have the operation. (author's)
Asian Journal of Women's Studies. 1999 Mar 31; 5(1): p..For many centuries, the kitchen has been regarded as the world of women. However, it has gradually become a world of both men and women. Changes in women's roles in the kitchen reflect the transforming social position of women. Accordingly, change in men and women's performance of housework mirrors a shift in the sexual division of labor. This is accompanied by changed attitudes as well. For example, according to one investigation made by the undergraduates of the university where Ms. Wang works, only 28 percent of the women undergraduates agreed with the proposition: "A woman should try her best to be a good wife and mother, whether or not she is successful in her career." This percentage is much lower than that of women of Ms. Wang's generation. Moreover, Ms. Wang's daughter, [Lian Lian], who is much younger than the undergraduates, not only has a great longing for advanced kitchen facilities in the future, but has her own views about cooking and housework. When asked if in the future, she would like to prepare meals for the whole family as her mother has done, Lian Lian replied definitely: "I would not like to." Lian Lian likes to play with one of the boys in her class, and she once told her mother: "If I get married to him in the future, I will be a very lucky girl, because his father is a chef, and I may not have to cook much then." (author's)
In: Medical issues and health care reform in Russia, edited by Vicki L. Hesli and Margaret H. Mills. Lewiston, New York, Edwin Mellen Press, 1999. 65-112. (Studies in Health and Human Services Vol. 35)Universal access to free health care was a hallmark of the Soviet system. Although the system provided health care for large numbers of people, obsession with predetermined quotas and limits by the Ministry of Public Health constrained possibilities for quality, personalized care. In addition, too much emphasis has been placed on specialty and hospital care at the expense of primary and preventive care. Russia’s health care system is currently facing several problems. The challenges for reform include centralization, an uncertain health care insurance system, management, equipment, technology, funding, training of doctors, status of physicians, access to information about health care strategies and medical treatments, immunizations, access to safe contraception, unsafe abortions, an underdeveloped concept of patient rights, and a lack of confidence in the system as a whole. The goal of this paper is to develop a better understanding of how post-Soviet citizens view their own health situation and what they think are the most needed reforms. The issues explored include major problems in the health care system, necessary steps to make improvements, and role of the state and private hospitals or clinics. This paper also tackles the issue of access to free public care versus private care in the post-Soviet setting. Before going into the analysis of public opinion, this paper reviews what is already known about attitudes toward health care and the health care system in Russia and other post-Soviet states.
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW. 1999 Summer; 33(2):455-67.This article is part of a larger study of public attitudes toward immigration in seven countries that historically and currently have had different policies and practices vis-a-vis immigration. The countries involved are Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Japan and the United States. The time frame for which most of the public opinion data will be reported is from 1970 through 1995. The data have been collected from national surveys that were conducted in each of the countries. (EXCERPT)