Your search found 7 Results
Paris, France, Universite de Paris I, Institut de Demographie de Paris [IDP], 1988 May. 68 p. (Travaux et Recherches de l'IDP No. 1)This is a collection of papers originally presented in May 1988 at a conference on children and families, organized by the Institute of Demography at the University of Paris. Papers are included on demographic indicators of the family in France in censuses and family surveys; the child and family from historical, sociological, and demographic perspectives; and public opinion on the current state of the family in France. Results from a recent survey on attitudes toward marriage and family formation are also provided. (ANNOTATION)
[Unpublished] 1988 Nov. ii, 23 p. (USAID Contract No. DPE-3028-C-00-4079-00)Associated with sexually transmitted diseases and illicit sex, condoms suffer poor images as family planning methods in some countries. Research was therefore conducted to examine the effect of AIDS communications programs upon condom use in family planning in Mexico. Reaching samples of 1300 males and 1300 females aged 15-60 years in 36 Mexican cities, 5 questions regarding attitudes toward and knowledge of condoms were included in 6 waves of omnibus surveys over the course of 1988. The surveys were conducted concurrently with a governmental AIDS information campaign, and aimed to measure attitudinal changes over the period. Unprompted knowledge of condoms' use in protecting against HIV infection increased from baseline levels of 14% to a high of 37% in the 5th survey wave, while unprompted knowledge of condoms for both family planning and AIDS prevention grew to 32% from an initial 11%. Knowledge targeted for increase by the campaign, therefore, significantly increased over the campaign and survey period. The image of condoms has not been tarnished, and may have, in fact, been bolstered by the campaign and related media attention. These results suggest that AIDS information campaigns are likely to lead to increased demand for condoms.
JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF RELIGION. 1988 Jun; 27(2):211-28.The 2 primary rationales that religious groups use for opposing elective abortion are respect for human life and a conservative sexual morality. This indepth study was designed using data from NORC General Social Surveys for 1977, 1982 and 1985 to examine how these 2 rationales were used by 3 different religious groups, namely: Catholics, non-fundamentalist Protestants and fundamentalist Protestants. The study considers denominational differences affecting the cognitive bases of abortion attitudes. It takes into consideration the gender differences in abortion attitudes. The results can be summed up as follows: all 3 groups can be said to use the respect for human life rationale throughout the entire period between 1977 and 1985. But in 1977 there was a difference between Catholics who used respect for human life and Protestants who learned towards sexual morality. By 1985 all groups except the fundamentalists opposed elective abortion based on sexual morality. In 1985 the fundamentalists held both rationales of more or less equal value.
St. Paul, Minnesota, Greenhaven Press, Inc., 1988. 223 p. (Opposing Viewpoints Series)This book presents opposing viewpoints on AIDS issues such as its seriousness, its control ability, civil rights, governmental response, and its effects on society. The design of this book is to encourage critical thinking on the topic. The 1st chapter debates the vulnerability of society to AIDS. From the writings in this chapter, it appears that no consensus is reached concerning the seriousness of AIDS. The 2nd chapter discusses the need to control the transmission of AIDS. >1.5 million people are infected with the HIV virus, and about 5 million people are estimated to be carriers of the disease. Means of control debated in this chapter include education, mandatory testing, and illegalizing homosexuality. The issue of civil rights and controlling AIDS is presented in chapter 3. On one side, it is debated that controlling for AIDS promotes discrimination against AIDS patients. However, the opposing view argues that control is needed through legal measures, restrictions, and behavioral changes. Chapter 4 addresses the government's response to AIDS. Problems encountered by the government include assessing AIDS' impact on society and its sexual transmission. The last chapter discusses ways in which AIDS has affected our society. As a result of AIDS, sexual behavior has changed and the number of deaths have risen.
NURSING RSA. 1988 Aug; 3(8):5-7.The 1st major conference on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome was held in Johannesburg last year. Foremost in the minds of the conference attendants were the issues of prejudice and ignorance in dealing with AIDS. Dr. Guido van Der Groen stated, in response to a remark that AIDS was a disease from Africa, "There is no such thing as African AIDS." Incidence of prejudice and ignorance were cited by the conference's attendants. 1 attendant cited the threat of "generalized homophobia" as a major obstacle in the treatment of AIDS patients. Another attendant called for the use of common sense in the dealing with AIDS. Statistics show that while 54% of the black population still considers AIDS an American disease, the majority of whites consider its origins to be from Africa. 30% of blacks and 89% of the white population still believe that there is no need to change their sexual behavior. Another conference attendant believed that classrooms are the battleground of AIDS. Measures such as preventive lifestyle education and the return to monogamous bonding were also discussed. It is important to note that no gay organizations were represented in this conference.
[Opinions on family size variation and the population problem] Meningen over het bevolkingsvraagstuk en de gezinsgroottevariatie.
BEVOLKING EN GEZIN. 1988 Dec; (3):25-51.Attitudes toward current and projected fertility levels and family size uniformity in Belgium are examined. "Analyzing a subsample of [the 1982-1983 survey] NEGO IV (2,547 married and unmarried women cohabiting with their partner, aged 20 to 44 years, living in the Flemish community, and of Belgian nationality), a widespread unawareness of the population problem emerges. With the exception of higher educated women, mothers of at least three children and regularly practicing catholics, respondents are even more favourable to a population decline and increasing family size uniformity than to countermeasures. Individual- and [ego]-centered values seem to have higher priority than 'demographic integrity'." (SUMMARY IN ENG) (EXCERPT)
BMJ. British Medical Journal. 1988 Mar 5; 296(6623):715.All families in a rural physician's practice were polled regarding the prevalence of genetic disorders and the value of genetic counseling and therapeutic termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality. 1900 questionnaires were distributed in Barnard Castle, England in 1986 and 1987, with a response rate of less than 50%. During this time, a public debate occurred about a bill prohibiting abortions after 18 weeks' gestation. The results of the poll revealed that 82% of the respondents were in favor of termination for fetal abnormality. 685 people were strongly in favor of a genetics advisory service, 229 were generally in favor, 37 were undecided, 10 were not in favor, and 3 were strongly opposed. An even greater proportion were in favor or regional genetics counseling services. Moral or religious background, gender, or handicapped status of the respondents was not determined. While the majority of people felt there was a sound argument for lowering the gestational age limit for therapeutic termination, such termination should not be at the expense of prenatal diagnostic services. Parental choice and the limits of current diagnostic techniques must be considered when establishing gestational age limits for therapeutic termination of pregnancy. Chorionic villus sampling to detect fetal abnormality is an option for women over 35, but the technique involves a high miscarriage risk. The technique may not be available and many women will refuse to accept the uncertainty of fetal normality and request termination before 17 weeks. More than 99% of those terminated fetuses would have been normal. A law mandating a universal standard for late abortions could kill more fetuses than it saves.