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Perceptions of family planning and reproductive health issues: focus group discussions in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.
Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, 1997 Aug. xiii, 80 p. (Field Report No. 10)In preparation for a planned expansion of reproductive health services in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, focus groups were conducted to gain an understanding of contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the audience targeted for contraceptive promotion. The field work began with a pilot project involving 103 married men and women in 12 focus group sessions in and around Tashkent, Uzbekistan in December 1993. This pilot study led to development of a discussion guide adapted for use in all four countries, and 96 focus groups discussions involving 888 married men and women were held in three different regions of each country. Additional focus group sessions in each country involved participants specifically targeted by the new program. The results revealed differences among the countries but could be generalized to develop a regional IEC (information, education, communication) approach. This report opens with an introduction describing background information on the region and the study methodology. The next four chapters present results and conclusions for each country in terms of the following topics that were discussed: perceptions on age at first marriage, fertility preference and family size, attitudes towards family planning (FP), knowledge and awareness of FP methods, FP communication between husbands and wives, available sources of FP information, and additional perspectives. Chapter 6 covers the following issues that can be used to plan a regional approach to reproductive health: the quality of family life, male responsibility, abortion, communication about side effects, provider knowledge and skills, the role of religion, and the symbolic environment.
AIDS CARE. 1993; 5(2):169-76.Despite the relatively recently introduction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) into India, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is rapidly becoming a significant health problem in that country. Education about AIDS remains the most effective strategy to prevent its spread. To assess the level of knowledge and the associated attitudes about AIDS among Indians in Calcutta, 153 English-speaking adults were surveyed during April and May 1990. 65 of 75 men (87%) and 77-78 women (99%) questioned had heard of AIDS, the majority within the past 2-3 years. Newspaper and television were the most frequently cited sources of information. Of respondents who had heard of the disease, 95% knew AIDS was transmitted by sexual intercourse; less than half, however, also knew that AIDS could not be acquired through kissing, insect bites, or by using public toilets. In general, respondents had little specific knowledge regarding the symptoms of AIDS, and 29% were unaware that infected persons could be asymptomatic and appear healthy. Level of education was the only variable that independently correlated with knowledge of AIDS. More than one-third of respondents would not have dinner with or continue to work with an AIDS patient and 50% believed all AIDS patients should be quarantined. More effective and widespread public education is necessary to help slow the rapidly developing AIDS epidemic in India. (author's)
[Medico-social prevention, fertility, and development] Prevention medico-sociale, fecondite et developpement.
REVUE TUNISIENNE DE SCIENCES SOCIALES. 1986; 23(84-87):423-510.The author reports on a sample survey of 738 Tunisians, conducted to investigate the impact of preventive and social medicine on health and fertility. The sample population, drawn from the 1975 census, is described. Attention is given to the role played by information sources, particularly mass media, in preventive medicine, alcoholism and the prevention of traffic accidents, and public opinion concerning preventive medicine. Attitudes toward family planning are mentioned in the final section, and a copy of the questionnaire used is included. (ANNOTATION)