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Family Life Coordinator. 1961 Apr; 10(2):27-34.Adult group discussion of early marriage presents certain difficulties to the leader-difficulties which may be shared by the teacher when students as they often do, outwardly reflect parental attitudes. To cope with these difficulties, leaders and teachers must examine rather carefully the psychology of their audiences with respect to this topic and plan strategy accordingly. In other words, leaders and teachers need to have some notion of what is probably going on in the minds of discussants, consciously or unconsciously, and how these mental or emotional processes can be channeled toward worth-while ends. The present essay is an attempt to aid in this task. In the first place, it must be assumed that the response of citizens to the marriage explosion among youngsters who, a generation or so ago, would have been considered children, is highly emotional and largely disapproving. Witness almost any issue of any newspaper or magazine, countless sermons, radio and T-V programs; and PTA sessions throughout the land. This disapproval shows itself in three general ways. (excerpt)
New Delhi, India, Indian Institute of Mass Communication, 1993.  p.This study examined the family welfare program, Mahila Swasthya Sangh (MSS), which was fully implemented in Karnataka and Gujarat states; Uttar Pradesh (UP) and West Bengal with low implementation; Assam with targeted implementation in villages with over 1000 persons; and Punjab with implementation in every village. Interviews were conducted during 1991. Most respondents were aware of the family welfare programs. The main sources of information were the radio and posters. Most were aware of MSS in their villages, with the exception of UP. Just over 50% made visits to MSS members about their health problems. Almost 33% of MSS members made weekly or monthly visits to residents. Most respondents were familiar with oral rehydration solution and immunization, with the exception of those in UP. Except in UP, most favored a stop to childbearing. The most frequently used methods were the pill, Copper T IUD, and tubectomy. Almost 50% knew the legal age of marriage for men and women. Lower levels of knowledge about marriage age occurred in UP, West Bengal, Assam, and Karnataka. Almost 75% favored marriage for women over age 18 and men over age 21. UP and West Bengal had lower levels of approval at these ages. Most knew that MSS provided maternal and child health care, immunization, and diarrheal and seasonal diseases. Most were unaware of the song, drama, and cultural shows, and 50% knew about the wall paintings. Over 75% were not aware of well-baby shows. 24% knew about school child health programs. Over 66% approved of contraceptive and medicine distribution.
Perceptions of family planning and reproductive health issues: focus group discussions in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.
Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, 1997 Aug. xiii, 80 p. (Field Report No. 10)In preparation for a planned expansion of reproductive health services in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, focus groups were conducted to gain an understanding of contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the audience targeted for contraceptive promotion. The field work began with a pilot project involving 103 married men and women in 12 focus group sessions in and around Tashkent, Uzbekistan in December 1993. This pilot study led to development of a discussion guide adapted for use in all four countries, and 96 focus groups discussions involving 888 married men and women were held in three different regions of each country. Additional focus group sessions in each country involved participants specifically targeted by the new program. The results revealed differences among the countries but could be generalized to develop a regional IEC (information, education, communication) approach. This report opens with an introduction describing background information on the region and the study methodology. The next four chapters present results and conclusions for each country in terms of the following topics that were discussed: perceptions on age at first marriage, fertility preference and family size, attitudes towards family planning (FP), knowledge and awareness of FP methods, FP communication between husbands and wives, available sources of FP information, and additional perspectives. Chapter 6 covers the following issues that can be used to plan a regional approach to reproductive health: the quality of family life, male responsibility, abortion, communication about side effects, provider knowledge and skills, the role of religion, and the symbolic environment.
Lucknow, India, Lucknow University, Population Research Centre, 1985. iv, 57 p. (Population Research Centre Series B: Survey Report no. 23)This study is concerned with the opinions of university students in India with regard to population issues, including family building at the individual level. Data are from a survey of 728 students at six universities in Uttar Pradesh in 1983. Topics covered include family size ideals, son preferences, ideal age at marriage, and actual family building patterns among married students. The implications for population education are discussed. (ANNOTATION)
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Toronto, Canada, April 13-15, 1972. 19 pThe Gilbert Youth Poll conducted a nationwide survey of 2541 young people between the ages of 14 and 24 in the spring of 1971 for the Research Department of Planned Parenthood World Federation. Of this group 834 were high school students, 948 were college students, and 759 were young people who were not in school. Most of the latter group were older than the high school students and 46% of them have been to college. The findings indicate that 3/4 of this sample approve of making birth control available to any teen-ager wanting this service. Neither sex, race, nor religion affected this attitude. 76% of the white and 58% of the black respondents recommended that couples get professional birth control counseling upon marrying. Most of the respondents plan to marry in their 20s and do not want children during the 1st year of marriage. Variations in these findings did occur among certain subgroups. For example, high school students are less likely to recommend early professional birth control counseling and more likely to approve a child within the 1st year of marriage. About 1/2 the respondents wanted only 2 children while another 1/4 preferred 2 or 3 children. 9 out of 10 indicated the oral contraceptive as an effective birth control method and about 1/2 mentioned the IUD. 11% specified tubal ligation or vasectomy and another 5% stated general sterilization without mention of procedure. Approximately 1/4 noted Planned Parenthood clinics as a place teen-agers could go for birth control services and another 1/5 indicated "family planning clinics." Although population growth in the U.S. was given recognition as a potential problem, it was not regarded as one which required immediate attention. 3 out of 5 expressed some concern over the effect of population growth on their lives, but only a small proportion thought the effect would be serious. Concerning their reasons for family planning, this sample attributed greater importance to child care and economic situation than to social issues such as population.