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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    Population size, economic development, and attitudes towards inequality: Evidence from 30 nations.

    Evans MD; Kelley J

    Population Review. 2007; 46(2):[22] p.

    How does population size affect social life? In accord with Durkheim's classic argument about the shift from the rigid "mechanical" solidarity of small societies to the more differentiated and interdependent "organic" solidarity of large societies, data from 30 nations and 19,568 respondents shows that the citizenry of large societies prefer more inequality in earnings than do citizens of small societies, net of the level of economic development. One reason for this is that citizens of large countries support larger rewards for education and occupational success. In most societies, the actual level of inequality is close to the ideal level, or a little higher. Data are from the World Inequality Study, which pools data from many excellent international survey projects; analysis is by OLS and multi-level regression. (author's)
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  2. 2

    Women, work, and babies: family-labor market policies in three European countries.

    Spakes P

    AFFILIA. 1995 Winter; 10(4):369-97.

    This analysis of the family-labor market policies of three European countries--Sweden, the former East Germany, and the former West Germany--contends that the major influences on such policies are the labor needs of the economic system; state-promoted notions of equality of opportunity versus equality of result; and public attitudes toward gender, motherhood, and equality. It demonstrates the contradiction inherent in policies that seek both to protect mothers and to promote equality in the workforce and the need to consider equality of result, as well as equality of opportunity, as a potential policy goal. (EXCERPT)
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