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[Unpublished] . , 25 p.The World Health Organization's Global Programme on AIDS has put together this inventory and review of AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and risk behaviors (KABP) to provide updated information on research findings to researchers, IEC (information, education, and communication) planners, and national AIDS prevention and control staff. The studies in this inventory were all published between January 1, 1989 and March 1, 1989. Each of the inventory's six parts addresses a specific population group: adolescents and young people, the general public, health care workers, homosexual/bisexual population, intravenous drug users, and prostitutes (both male and female). In those cases where a published study has information on more than one of the groups, the inventory includes that study in each of the appropriate sections. In each section, the studies are in chronological order, according to the date the study was conducted. The first column lists the complete bibliographic reference to allow the reader to refer to the original publication. A code has been assigned to the first column for each study to designate what primary type of study it is. These codes denote a KABP study (or at least one of the elements), a study focusing on sexual practices, a methodological study, an epidemiological study, a counseling study, a health promotion study, and a qualitative study. The second column lists the date of the study. The third column provides the site of the study. Most of the sites are in the US. Other sites are in both developed and developing countries. The fourth and fifth columns list the population studied and the size of the sample, respectively. The method of data collection is revealed in the sixth column. The methods are interview, telephone interview, questionnaire, and medical (physical or laboratory examination). The last column provides a brief summary of the major findings.
HEALTH FOR THE MILLIONS. 1991 Aug; 17(4):20-3.Until recently, the only sustained AIDS activity in India has been alarmist media attention complemented by occasional messages calling for comfort and dignity. Public perception of the AIDS epidemic in India has been effectively shaped by mass media. Press reports have, however, bolstered awareness of the problem among literate elements of urban populations. In the absence of sustained guidance in the campaign against AIDS, responsibility has fallen to voluntary health activists who have become catalysts for community awareness and participation. This voluntary initiative, in effect, seems to be the only immediate avenue for constructive public action, and signals the gradual development of an AIDS network in India. Proceedings from a seminar in Ahmedabad are discussed, and include plans for an information and education program targeting sex workers, health and communication programs for 150 commercial blood donors and their agents, surveillance and awareness programs for safer blood and blood products, and dialogue with the business community and trade unions. Despite the lack of coordination among volunteers and activists, every major city in India now has an AIDS group. A controversial bill on AIDS has ben circulating through government ministries and committees since mid-1989, a national AIDS committee exists with the Secretary of Health as its director, and a 3-year medium-term national plan exists for the reduction of AIDS and HIV infection and morbidity. UNICEF programs target mothers and children for AIDS awareness, and blood testing facilities are expected to be expanded. The article considers the present chaos effectively productive in forcing the Indian population to face up to previously taboo issued of sexuality, sex education, and sexually transmitted disease.
St. Paul, Minnesota, Greenhaven Press, Inc., 1988. 223 p. (Opposing Viewpoints Series)This book presents opposing viewpoints on AIDS issues such as its seriousness, its control ability, civil rights, governmental response, and its effects on society. The design of this book is to encourage critical thinking on the topic. The 1st chapter debates the vulnerability of society to AIDS. From the writings in this chapter, it appears that no consensus is reached concerning the seriousness of AIDS. The 2nd chapter discusses the need to control the transmission of AIDS. >1.5 million people are infected with the HIV virus, and about 5 million people are estimated to be carriers of the disease. Means of control debated in this chapter include education, mandatory testing, and illegalizing homosexuality. The issue of civil rights and controlling AIDS is presented in chapter 3. On one side, it is debated that controlling for AIDS promotes discrimination against AIDS patients. However, the opposing view argues that control is needed through legal measures, restrictions, and behavioral changes. Chapter 4 addresses the government's response to AIDS. Problems encountered by the government include assessing AIDS' impact on society and its sexual transmission. The last chapter discusses ways in which AIDS has affected our society. As a result of AIDS, sexual behavior has changed and the number of deaths have risen.
NURSING RSA. 1988 Aug; 3(8):5-7.The 1st major conference on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome was held in Johannesburg last year. Foremost in the minds of the conference attendants were the issues of prejudice and ignorance in dealing with AIDS. Dr. Guido van Der Groen stated, in response to a remark that AIDS was a disease from Africa, "There is no such thing as African AIDS." Incidence of prejudice and ignorance were cited by the conference's attendants. 1 attendant cited the threat of "generalized homophobia" as a major obstacle in the treatment of AIDS patients. Another attendant called for the use of common sense in the dealing with AIDS. Statistics show that while 54% of the black population still considers AIDS an American disease, the majority of whites consider its origins to be from Africa. 30% of blacks and 89% of the white population still believe that there is no need to change their sexual behavior. Another conference attendant believed that classrooms are the battleground of AIDS. Measures such as preventive lifestyle education and the return to monogamous bonding were also discussed. It is important to note that no gay organizations were represented in this conference.