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  1. 1

    [Experience of the Centre de Djoliba in the campaign] Experience du Centre de Djoliba en matiere de lutte.

    Kone VM

    In: Seminaire Sous-Regional sur l'Excision. Theme: Echanges Sous-Regionaux et Strategies Combinees, Ziguinchor du 29 au 31 Janvier 1996. Rapport final. Ziguinchor, Senegal, Enda-ACAS, 1996 Feb. 60-4.

    The promotion of women at the Djoliba Center was first established in 1981 in communes V and VI of Bamako district. In 1983, the center responded to a request to help eradicate the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM). The different phases of the struggle since that year, the intervention strategy, results obtained, difficulties encountered, and perspectives on the future are discussed. Neither the general public nor most of Mali s medical body is ready to directly consider the subject of FGM. On the other hand, information and education sessions on the topic have encouraged populations, popular beliefs, and political and health leaders to not treat FGM as a taboo topic. The use of simple materials adapted to raise awareness is recommended. Attitudes are changing on FGM and people must now decide whether it makes sense to perpetuate a custom that so affects the lives of the people who undergo it. In order to eradicate FGM, information and awareness campaigns must be strengthened. The Djoliba Center is increasingly solicited by organizations and international and national organizations for training and education assistance in a number of areas.
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  2. 2

    Nigeria: female circumcision row.

    Ezeh P

    NEW AFRICAN. 1990 Feb; (269):28.

    In October 1989 midwives and nurses held mass demonstrations in Benin city, the capital of Bendel State, Nigeria, to protest against female circumcision. This practice, which is firmly entrenched in the area, may involve cutting off the clitoris or more extensive removal of girls' genitalia, either in infancy or at puberty. Nigerian hospitals no longer perform circumcision, so people do it themselves or have traditional practitioners do so. Recent demonstrations reflect outrage on the part of Western-trained health care activists regarding aesthetic and obstetric complications, as well as added risk of spreading tetanus and AIDS by unsanitary procedures.
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