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Paris, France, Universite de Paris I, Institut de Demographie de Paris [IDP], 1988 May. 68 p. (Travaux et Recherches de l'IDP No. 1)This is a collection of papers originally presented in May 1988 at a conference on children and families, organized by the Institute of Demography at the University of Paris. Papers are included on demographic indicators of the family in France in censuses and family surveys; the child and family from historical, sociological, and demographic perspectives; and public opinion on the current state of the family in France. Results from a recent survey on attitudes toward marriage and family formation are also provided. (ANNOTATION)
[Unpublished] 1989. Presented at the IIDSS Conference, August 18-20, 1989.  p.The author explains the operations of and rationale behind the Social Marketing for Change (SOMARC) project of the Futures Group. Using indigenous private sector company commercial channels in developing countries, SOMARC helps develop advertising campaigns and other marketing approaches to sell branded condoms, oral contraceptives, vaginal foaming tablets, and sometimes IUDs. Commercial marketing research techniques are employed in these exercises, and include developing and evaluating advertising and marketing strategies, designing and testing advertising messages, and selecting and improving product names and packaging for their contraceptive products. Although technical assistance is generally required in most countries, local companies are nonetheless depended upon to develop and manage the projects overall. The importance of brand image research in reaching target markets is discussed, followed by examples of testing and evaluating marketing strategies, product names, package testing, and advertising messages.
NURSING RSA. 1988 Aug; 3(8):5-7.The 1st major conference on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome was held in Johannesburg last year. Foremost in the minds of the conference attendants were the issues of prejudice and ignorance in dealing with AIDS. Dr. Guido van Der Groen stated, in response to a remark that AIDS was a disease from Africa, "There is no such thing as African AIDS." Incidence of prejudice and ignorance were cited by the conference's attendants. 1 attendant cited the threat of "generalized homophobia" as a major obstacle in the treatment of AIDS patients. Another attendant called for the use of common sense in the dealing with AIDS. Statistics show that while 54% of the black population still considers AIDS an American disease, the majority of whites consider its origins to be from Africa. 30% of blacks and 89% of the white population still believe that there is no need to change their sexual behavior. Another conference attendant believed that classrooms are the battleground of AIDS. Measures such as preventive lifestyle education and the return to monogamous bonding were also discussed. It is important to note that no gay organizations were represented in this conference.
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Toronto, Canada, April 13-15, 1972. 19 pThe Gilbert Youth Poll conducted a nationwide survey of 2541 young people between the ages of 14 and 24 in the spring of 1971 for the Research Department of Planned Parenthood World Federation. Of this group 834 were high school students, 948 were college students, and 759 were young people who were not in school. Most of the latter group were older than the high school students and 46% of them have been to college. The findings indicate that 3/4 of this sample approve of making birth control available to any teen-ager wanting this service. Neither sex, race, nor religion affected this attitude. 76% of the white and 58% of the black respondents recommended that couples get professional birth control counseling upon marrying. Most of the respondents plan to marry in their 20s and do not want children during the 1st year of marriage. Variations in these findings did occur among certain subgroups. For example, high school students are less likely to recommend early professional birth control counseling and more likely to approve a child within the 1st year of marriage. About 1/2 the respondents wanted only 2 children while another 1/4 preferred 2 or 3 children. 9 out of 10 indicated the oral contraceptive as an effective birth control method and about 1/2 mentioned the IUD. 11% specified tubal ligation or vasectomy and another 5% stated general sterilization without mention of procedure. Approximately 1/4 noted Planned Parenthood clinics as a place teen-agers could go for birth control services and another 1/5 indicated "family planning clinics." Although population growth in the U.S. was given recognition as a potential problem, it was not regarded as one which required immediate attention. 3 out of 5 expressed some concern over the effect of population growth on their lives, but only a small proportion thought the effect would be serious. Concerning their reasons for family planning, this sample attributed greater importance to child care and economic situation than to social issues such as population.