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[The French and maternal mortality in the world: the state of opinion] Les Francais et la mortalite maternelle dans le monde: l'etat de l'opinion.
EQUILIBRES ET POPULATIONS. 2000 Aug-Sep; (60):4-5.Ipsos conducted a study of French subjects for Equilibres & Population designed to better understand the population’s awareness of maternal mortality worldwide, with regard to its causes and implications. 26% of the French correctly determined that about 10,000 women die weekly from maternal-related causes. People aged 15-19 years old are better informed on maternal mortality compared to the general population. More people of comparatively higher educational status correctly assessed the number of women affected by maternal mortality. The French readily identified the regions of the world where maternal mortality is most problematic. 66% of the French believe poverty to be the main cause of maternal mortality in developing countries, followed by the absence of proper pregnancy-related medical care (53%), unwanted pregnancies (28%), and a lack of education (27%). Both sex and educational status influence respondents’ ability to identify causes of maternal mortality. Moreover, the French believe that international institutions are best able to manage the problem in developing countries, followed by nongovernmental organizations. Half of France’s population reports being ready to directly and personally help reduce global levels of maternal mortality. Women and people aged 15-19 years old are the two subpopulations most interested in contributing personally. These groups believe that the French government should allocate more international aid to women’s health.
The moderating effect of threat on the relationship between population concern and environmental concern.
POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT. 1995 Nov; 17(2):123-33.Two hundred sixty-one research participants completed a questionnaire designed to measure concern for the environment and concern for population growth. The introduction to the questionnaire focused on either threat to society, personal threat, or no threat. Contrary to some previous research findings, a positive correlation between concern for the environment and concern for population growth was found. This finding is explained by the simultaneity of measurement of the two constructs, item phrasing, and the possibility that previous research findings lacked transhistorical reliability. The threat manipulation was found to moderate the relationship between concern for the environment and concern for population growth. Analyses of demographic variables showed that women expressed more environmental concern than men, and that regular church attendees expressed the least concern for population growth. (EXCERPT)
London, England, Population Concern, 1984 May. 64 p.This publication highlights some of the major popular misconceptions of population. It is divided into 5 sections: 1) population growth; 2) United Kingdom 3) food; 4) family size; and 5) planned parenthood. Misconceptions of population growth include lack of concern about birth rates, and poverty. It is unreasonable to assume that social and economic development will automatically curb the high levels of population growth in less-developed countries. Population policy should be formulated and implemented as an integral part of socioeconomic planning. In discussing Britain's population misconceptions, chart is used to show the ratio of numbers of children and old people to the working age population. Population matters in Britain are often presented as if population and the national economy were Siamese twins. There is anxiety that if the population stops growing the nation will somehow stagnate. Charts present total food production in the UK and imports and exports. Food concerns include hunger and an unequal distribution of food. World food production is presented along with food losses, and available food divided by the population. Total food production figures are given for the US and Canada, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Africa, Latin America, the Near East, Far East, Asian centrally planned economics, USSR and Eastern Europe, less-developed countries, and more-developed countries. Concerns about family size include the relationship of poverty to large families, child labor, effects of family composition on reproductive behavior, and infant mortality. Many people believe that reduction of infant mortality automatically leads to reduction in family size. Certain groups feel that women do not want fertility control programs, and that unsafe methods of contraception are being pushed at them--chiefly by men. The monograph includes many photographs.