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Journal of Population and Social Studies. 2003 Jul; 12(1):93-103.This research study focused on male opinions as far as they play an important role in affecting female decision making. This research is a part of the "HIV-Positive Women: Voices and Choices" project. The sample group of this research consisted of a group of males from Bangkok, Northern and Northeastern Thailand between the ages of 20 and 62 years. The main topics of this study are 1) how do men feel about HIV-positive women in general, 2) family planning for HIV-positive females, 3) male opinion of abortion and 4) male opinion of receiving health services and sexual acknowledgement of HIV-positive women. The results: Men feel that HIV-positive women are to be pitied and sympathize with them, however, the level of empathy is lower or nonexistent if that HIV-positive woman is not related to them. The male sample group thinks that HIV-positive women should not have a child or even consider having a child as they are concerned about the child's safety and, most importantly, the significant responsibility of child care and expenses. Lastly, the sample group strongly suggests that an HIV-positive woman should use birth control methods. Nevertheless, health education for HIV-positive women is a need. The sample group believes that HIV-positive women should be treated with the same level of health care services as people without HIV. (author's)
Colombo, Sri Lanka, Ministry of Plan Implementation, Population Division . 64 p.The Ministry of Plan Implementation organized a series of seminars for leaders of public opinion as a prelude to the International Conference of Parliamentarians on Population and Development which was held in Sri Lanka from Aug. 28 to Sept. 1, 1979. The objectives of these seminars were to raise public awareness and concern on the linkages between population and development and to forumlate basic guidelines for the briefing of the Ceylon Parliamentary delegation to the International Conference. These seminars consisted of reports on: population and development medical personnel; population and development nongovernment organizations; seminar report on population development-ayurvedic physicians; population and development government agents and senior government officials; population and development mass media personnel and population and development parliamentarians. The series of seminars, deliberations and discussions surfaced the problems confronted in the organization of population and family planning activities in Sri Lanka. Dennis Hapugalle stressed the need for sterilization programs in rural areas and qualified physicians. The Family Planning Association of Sri Lanka, as a nongovernment organization concentrates on information, education, and research in family planning, in cooperation with the government's clinical services. Its programs consist of clinical services for family planning and subfertile couples; information education services; community level programs; population education for youth; women's development activities; nutrition programs; training programs, environmental and population laws; and research. A. W. Abeysekera spoke of the role of the mass media in the diffusion of knowledge as well as the difference between development and growth. Growth relates to national income and can be defined as an increase in aggregate output. Development includes changes in social structure and allocation of resources. Deficiencies in the delivery of services were discussed by Neville Fernando. Family planning services should be given very high priority.