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Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 1999; 5(4):340-349.Are youths, particularly youths of color, engaged in high levels of health risk behaviors, and is public perception regarding these behaviors accurate? In answer to the 1st question, 2 analytic samples were drawn: (a) 14-15-year-old 9th graders (N = 94) from the Puerto Rican Adolescent study, conducted in the greater Boston area, and (b) 14-15-year-old 9th graders (N = 876) from the Massachusetts 1995 Youth Risk Behavior (YRB) survey. The samples were used to determine the comparative levels of health risk behaviors in 3 areas: intimate relations, substance use, and violence. The Puerto Rican adolescents reported being engaged in significantly less substance abuse and violence than did the adolescents of the Massachusetts YRB survey. To address the 2nd question of public perception, a 3rd, community samples of Boston-area professionals and college students (N = 99) estimated the percentages of Puerto Rican 9th graders' and Massachusetts 9th graders' participation in health risk behaviors. With the exception of engaging in sexual relations, where the community estimate and the Puerto Rican self-reports were nearly equal, the community sample overestimated the Puerto Rican youths' levels of participation in every other area of risk. Moreover, the community sample overestimated the Massachusetts 9th graders' behaviors with regard to failing to use contraception and school safety. Methodological considerations of self-report data are considered, and the implications of the stereotypic views of adolescents are discussed. (author's)
The children's streets. An ethnographic study of street children in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Las calles de los niños. Estudio etnográfico de niños de la calle en Ciudad Juárez, México.
International Social Work. 1999 Apr; 42(2):189-199.The purpose of this study was to observe behaviors of street children in Ciudad Juárez in an effort to gain a better understanding of their condition. This study sought to bring the words and perceptions of street children, and those who work with the children, into a forum which sheds light on the factors which affect these children as they live and work on the streets. (excerpt)
Development. 2000 Mar; 43(1):23-7.This article is an excerpt of the research report on the Children's Movement for Peace in Colombia. The research conducted by Sara Cameron in 1998, interviewed 150 Colombian children about their opinion of war and their efforts to build peace. This research was then submitted to the Nobel Committee in support of the nomination of the Children's Movement for Peace for the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize. Most of the cases being related by these children include killing of parents, killing young innocent people, conflict within the family, and war between the army and guerrillas. The Children's Movement for Peace exerted effort to build peace by conducting workshops and counseling of the children victimized by violence. Also, they help these victims express their feelings either verbally or through paintings. Lastly, the volunteers of peace movement in Colombia hope to promote peace in the home, community, and the country.
ESTE PAIS. 1996 Jul; (64):20-5.The Mexican Association Against Violence Towards Women (COVAC) surveyed 3300 men and women aged 18-65 in Mexico City and nine other cities in 1995 to assess public opinion regarding domestic violence. 17% of respondents were of high socioeconomic status, 33% of middle status, and 50% of low status. 61% of respondents stated that children are the family members most frequently abused physically or mentally, 21% identified mothers, and 10% other female family members. 96% of respondents considered physical and mental mistreatment to be forms of violence. 70% considered physical mistreatment and psychological damage to occur very frequently. 21% knew of someone who was abused in the preceding 6 months. 74% of the abused persons were women. 52% were mothers and 30% were daughters. Of the abused males, 21% were 13-17 years old and 71% were 5-24 years of age. 69% were sons and 12% were fathers. Only 20% of cases were reported to any authority. 46% of the cases reported led to jailing of the aggressor. 43% of the cases were not reported for fear of provoking greater violence. 83% of respondents approved of separation of the aggressor from the family if necessary. 90% approved of seeking orientation or legal protection from an authority, and 94% approved of shelters for abused women and children. 54% knew of the existence of some legal mechanism to confront violence even though there is no legislation in Mexico specifically against domestic violence.