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JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF RELIGION. 1988 Jun; 27(2):211-28.The 2 primary rationales that religious groups use for opposing elective abortion are respect for human life and a conservative sexual morality. This indepth study was designed using data from NORC General Social Surveys for 1977, 1982 and 1985 to examine how these 2 rationales were used by 3 different religious groups, namely: Catholics, non-fundamentalist Protestants and fundamentalist Protestants. The study considers denominational differences affecting the cognitive bases of abortion attitudes. It takes into consideration the gender differences in abortion attitudes. The results can be summed up as follows: all 3 groups can be said to use the respect for human life rationale throughout the entire period between 1977 and 1985. But in 1977 there was a difference between Catholics who used respect for human life and Protestants who learned towards sexual morality. By 1985 all groups except the fundamentalists opposed elective abortion based on sexual morality. In 1985 the fundamentalists held both rationales of more or less equal value.
A study of the relationship between attitudes towards world population growth and USA population growth.
Journal of Biosocial Science. 1973; 5:61-69.A total of 4841 adults, 21 years of age or older were interviewed in the fall of 1967, in a national poll sponsored by the Population Council concerning the rate of U.S. and world population growth. About 1/2 of all respondents saw both the U.S. and world population growth as a serious problem, about 1 in 5 felt the world population growth rate was serious and the U.S. rate not serious, roughly 1 in 7 thought that both rates were not serious, and 1 in 25 thought the U.S. rate serious and the world rate not serious. As educational level increased the proportion viewing both rates as not serious tended to drop. The proportion thinking the world rate serious and the U.S. rate not serious was increased steadily from those with Grade 8 or less schooling (14%) to those who were college graduates (31%) and from those in families earning under $3000 annually (13%) to those in families earning at least $10,000 (28%). As educational level increased, the proportion viewing both the world and U.S. growth rates as not serious, tended to drop. The proportion viewing both the rates as serious increased from East to Midwest to South to West (45%, 49%, 50%, 53% respectively), while the proportion considering the 2 rates as not serious tended to decline (20%, 18%, 15%, 11%). Caucasians were more likely to view both the world and U.S. population growth as serious or world but not U.S. growth as serious, than Negores. Negroes were more likely to consider the U.S. rate as serious and the world rate as not serious. Catholics were more likely than Protestants to define the 2 rates as not serious. Of the respondents viewing the world rate as serious, roughly 2/3 consider the U.S. rate to be a serious problem. Among those viewing the world rate as not a serious problem about 4 out of 5 felt the U.S. rate also was not serious. Females defining the world rate as a serious problem were more likely than males with this view to see the U.S. rate as serious. 9 out of 10 who felt the U.S. rate was a serious problem defined the world rate as serious. The view that the world rate is not serious is a strong predictor of the view that the U.S. rate is not serious.