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  1. 1
    009260
    Peer Reviewed

    A five-year clinical trial of levonorgestrel silastic implants (Norplant).

    Diaz S; Pavez M; Miranda P; Robertson DN; Sivin I; Croxatto HB

    Contraception. 1982 May; 25(5):447-56.

    Silastic implants containing the progestin, levonorgestrel, were placed under the skin of the anterior forearm and tested as a longterm contraceptive system in 101 women. During 5 full years of use, no pregnancies occurred. The 5-year continuation rate was 54%. Menstrual irregularities were the most frequent reason for removal during the 1st year when they caused more than 1/2 the terminations. Some of the subjects elected to continue use of the implants beyond 5 years, allowing release rate data to be obtained through 6 years. From the 2nd through 6th year of use, the implants delivered a constant 30 mcg/day of levonorgestrel to the subjects and even after 6 years, 57% of the original steroid content remained in the capsules. Return of fertility following removal was essentially immediate and not related to time of use. Medical reasons for removal were infrequent and no pattern was discernible. (author's modified)
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