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BOLETIN OFICIAL DE LA REPUBLICA ARGENTINA. 1992 Nov 12; Sec 2(27513):5.This Resolution of the Ministry of Health of Argentina creates a National Register of Businesses manufacturing, packaging, and importing condoms and a Register of Devices, which has responsibility for the registration of condoms manufactured or imported into Argentina. Both Registers are under the control of the Directorate of Drugs, Medicaments, and Food. The Resolution also approves standards for testing condoms and places the Institute of Medicaments in charge of carrying out such testing to ensure the quality and safety of condoms. All businesses manufacturing, packaging, or importing condoms are required to register with the National Register and to petition the Register of Devices for approval of their condoms.
[Unpublished] 1991 May. iii, 61 p.This WHO Specifications for Latex Rubber Condoms is appropriate for photocopy as an attachment to the Invitation to Bid and Purchase Order. Section 6 provides a place to indicate size or other specifications. The standard provided is the minimum for use and storage and delivery. Procurement needs to take into account 1) quality of design, and 2) conformance to specifications. Essential criteria are uniform high strength and elasticity and the absence of holes. Chapters include: 1) reason for specification and guidelines, 2) choice of design features, 3) alternative design specifications. The specifications include: 1) scope and definitions, 2) international standards and other publications, 3) requirements for materials, construction, lubrication, tensile properties, freedom from holes, bursting volume and pressure, colorfastness, individual packages, identification marking on individual packages, workmanship, 4) quality assurance provisions for compliance, objective evidence, inspection by purchaser, sampling procedures, examinations and tests for specific properties, inspection of packaging and marking, 5) packaging for delivery (inner boxes, consumer packs, exterior shipping cartons, markings for lot traceability) 6) ordering data. The WHO guidelines for condom procurement reports on 1) testing to insure conformance to specifications, 2) qualifying condom suppliers, 3) invitation to bid, 4) purchase order, 5) predelivery quality check. Additional support documents include: 1) essential performance criteria (limiting condoms that will break during use, that may leak during use, that may deteriorate on the shelf), 2) choosing from available design options (length, width, thickness, shape, lubrication, color, packaging), 3) manufacturers list, 4) invitation to bid, 5) WHO forms: Request for offer and request for sealed bids, 6) purchase order, 7) aggregate analysis criteria for shipments or orders. The recommended condom is parallel sided, reservoir end, 49 2 mm flat width or 53 2 mm flat width, 170 to 180 mm length, .05-.08 mm single wall thickness, smooth surface, no color, translucent, silicone fluid (plain) lubricant, and packaged in square plastic-aluminum foil laminate in 100 units per inner box.
Contraceptive social marketing: lessons from experience. O marketing social de anticoncepcionals: licoes a partir da experencia.
Population Reports. Series J: Family Planning Programs. 1985 Jul-Aug; (30):773-812.Contraceptive social marketing (CSM) programs use commercial marketing techniques, mass media, and existing commercial networks to distribute, promote, and sell products. These programs now sell condoms, pills, and other contraceptives at subsidized prices, through retail stores, in 13 countries. A well-managed, publicized, and adapted program can usually reach 5-15% of all reproductive age couples; but programs in Bangladesh, Colombia, and Egypt reach 30% of current family planning users. The other major CSM programs, having sold products for 6-16 years, are in India, Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Thailand, El Salvador, Nepal, and Mexico. Programs were begun in the 1970s in Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, and Tunisia, but did not continue. The Caribbean (Barbados, St. Vincent, and St. Lucia), Hondurus, and Guatemala began sales in 1984-1985; new programs are about to begin in Costa Rica, Nigeria, and Peru, and are planned for the Dominican Republic, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Pakistan, and Panama. This article examines CSM program achievements by looking at such program elements as: 1) potential customers, 2) products, 3) prices, 4) market research, 5) distribution, and 6) promotion, and by discussing program management in terms of its 2 goals, 1) making contraceptives more widely available, and 2) recovering some program costs. The author emphasizes the lessons that have been learned about each program element and provides many examples of program successes and failures. A discussion of the marketing of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) demonstrates how social marketing techniques may be used to sell other products. The article provides cost analysis for programs in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Egypt, as well as ranking the 10 programs in terms of 1) sales, 2) couple years of protection (CYP), 3) coverage estimates, and 4) cost per CYP. A discussion follows of the most successful programs.