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  1. 1
    050237

    An Act (No. 72 of 1987) to prescribe the law in relation to the sale of condoms and related matters and to repeal the Police Offences (Contraceptives) Act 1941 and the Police Offences (Contraceptives) Repeal Act 1976. Date of assent: 27 November 1987. (The Sale of Condoms Act 1987).

    Australia. Tasmania

    INTERNATIONAL DIGEST OF HEALTH LEGISLATION. 1988; 39(2):387.

    This Act comprises the following Parts: I. Preliminary (Secs. 1-5); II. Sale of condoms (Secs. 6-8); III. Licenses (Secs. 9-22); IV. Advertising (Secs. 23-24); and V. Miscellaneous (Secs. 25-33). 1 of the provisions in Sec. 6 lays down that a person may not sell or supply a condom unless it complies with the standards prescribed by regulations. Details are given in Part IV of the procedures for the monitoring, by the Publications Classification Board, of advertisements relating to condoms. Details are given in Sec. 32 of the matters in respect to which the Governor may make regulations for the implementation of this Act. Such regulations may, inter alia, deal with the labelling, packaging, information provided in or on packages, and storage of condoms, as well as the procedures to be followed, and the action that may be taken, to prevent the sale or supply of condoms that do not comply with the prescribed standards. It is likewise laid down that, with respect to standards for condoms, the regulations may adopt either wholly or in part and with or without modification (either specifically or by reference) any of the standard rules, codes, or specifications of any prescribed authority (defined to mean (a) the Standards Association of Australia; (b) the British Standards Institution; (c) the International Organization for Standardization; and (d) such other body, organization, or Government department or agency as is specified in the regulation. (full text)
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  2. 2
    164187

    What is social marketing and can it work in Oceania?

    Hamilton M

    In: 1st Pacific Regional HIV / AIDS and STD Conference, Nadi, Fiji, 23-25 February 1999. Conference proceedings, [compiled by] Pacific Community. Secretariat. Noumea, New Caledonia, Pacific Community, Secretariat, 2000. 172-6.

    This paper covers social marketing in general, answers frequently asked questions and addresses the potential for condom social marketing in the Pacific. Social marketing is becoming increasingly important in efforts to assure developing countries have access to the health products and services they need. The key to successful social marketing is effective communications. Oceania is a vast space with small populations; however, commercial wholesale and retail networks and mass media communications are well developed. Social marketing may be the best means to promote healthy sexual behavior and to ensure access to condoms. (author's)
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  3. 3
    083221

    Triphasics: have they fulfilled their promise? [editorial]

    Weisberg E

    CURRENT THERAPEUTICS. 1992 Jan; 33(1):11-6.

    Triphasic oral contraceptives (OCs) were designed to use the least amount of drugs for the desired effect and to imitate the physiology of the menstrual cycle, resulting in good cycle control and minimal side effects. Yet, studies indicate that triphasic OCs cause only marginally better cycle control than monophasic OCs with reduced frequency of withdrawal bleeding. In fact, the triphasic OCs in Australia do not mimic the normal menstrual cycle. Theoretically, the lowered total steroid doses more gently inhibits the hypothalamic-pituitary function via the absence of a midcycle surge of estradiol and luteinizing hormone and the absence of a rise in luteal progesterone, allowing a more rapid return to functional fertility. 2 triphasic OCs contain the progestogen norethisterone, and the other one contains levonorgestrel. Triphasic OCs appear to have a somewhat lower effect on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism than do current monophasic OCs. Clinicians have not conducted longterm prospective studies on triphasic OCs, so no evidence exists to support the contention that they are less likely to have cardiovascular effects than monophasic OCs. Further, triphasic and monophasic OCs have basically the same effect on blood coagulation factors. OCs have basically the same effect on blood coagulation factors. Many large-scale clinical trials show that the pregnancy rate is around .06. The low dose of levonorgestrel in the beginning of the cycle may reduce effectiveness, however, if women make mistakes. Further, the more complicated packaging of triphasic OCs may make it easier for women to make a mistake. Triphasic OCs may reduce the severity of acne. Most women find triphasic OCs to be quite acceptable, but, in a small group of women, its phasic formulation causes some side effects, including premenstrual syndrome, breast tenderness, excessive bleeding, or painful menstruation.
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  4. 4
    078959

    Deliberation No. 88-176 AT authorizing the sale of only those condoms conforming to certain standards.

    French Polynesia

    ANNUAL REVIEW OF POPULATION LAW. 1989; 16:15.

    This Order provides that only those condoms that conform to standards set by order of the Council of Ministers can be sold in French Polynesia. Order No. 202 CM of 8 February 1989 (Journal officiel de la Polynesie francaise, No. 7, 16 February 1989, p. 264) provides that the packaging of condoms offered for sale in French Polynesia must be stamped "NF" and carry a date of expiration of effectiveness.
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  5. 5
    049884

    Condom standards under review.

    OUTLOOK. 1988 Jun; 6(2):9-10.

    Since latex condoms provide the best protection from sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS for those engaging in sexual intercourse, health professionals and educators promote their use. Regulators and representatives from organizations that determine standards for the condom industry are reassessing standard to ensure that all condoms are of equal high equality. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) reexamines its guidelines every 5 years. In 1988, an ASTM task force made up of industry, government, and consumer representatives reviewed quantitative measures including condom strength, tests for pinholes, and test limits. Further, the US Food and Drug Administration is reviewing its quality assurance tests for condoms and has increased condom sample testing. The British Standards Institute is concentrating its efforts on reexamining condom strength criteria. Changes in Australian standards are in the making also. Many developing and developed countries use the condom standards and specifications created by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) which proposes guidelines for standards organizations worldwide. Thailand now uses the ISO condom standard and China is considering a standard similar to the ISO standard. In February 1988, >75% of the voting members of the ISO approved the draft form of the packaging and labeling section of the condom standard. Members continue to debate about condom specifications, e.g., appropriate thickness, and testing procedures. As of October 1988, they had not yet approved the draft section on sampling plans and requirements. The ISO proposes a certification program for condom manufactures which requires them to meet production, packaging, labeling, and finished product criteria.
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  6. 6
    040450

    A simple plan to encourage women to have cervical smears [letter]

    Chang AR

    NEW ZEALAND MEDICAL JOURNAL. 1986 Jun 25; 99(804):468.

    Although the effectiveness of the cervical smear in detecting precursor lesions of cervical cancer has been demonstrated, such screening is not widely performed in New Zealand. The author of this letter presents a simple proposal involving only a modest expenditure to encourage women to have a regular cervical smear. It is suggested that the message, "To maintain good health have an annual cervical smear (PAP) test," be printed on the plastic blister side of the packaging of oral contraceptives (OCs). Thus, women would be reminded about the importance of this preventive health measure each time they take a pill. This strategy takes advantage of the popularity of OCs in New Zealand; in 1985, 814,800 OC prescriptions were processed. Moreover, OCs are widely used by teenagers and young women, risk groups that need to be made aware of the importance of annual smears. OC manufacturers in New Zealand have been approached with this proposal, but have taken no action.
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  7. 7
    011780

    Rubber condoms. Australian Standard. AS 1919-1980.

    Standards Association of Australia

    North Sydney, New South Wales, SAA, 1980. 10 p.

    This standard for the rubber condom was prepared by the Committee on Contraceptive Devices of the Standards Association of Australia and was initially published in 1976. In the preparation of the standard the committee considered the work of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) TC 157, Devices for Birth Control. It also referred to the British standard for rubber condoms (BS 3704), but the inflation test included in this standard is based on that specified in the Swedish standard. The standard covers the following: scope; definitions; materials; samples; design and dimensions; freedom from holes; bursting volume; colorfastness; packing; information on storage and on the use of lubricants; and marking. This standard specifies requirements for rubber condoms intended for single use. In regard to materials, condoms shall be manufactured from natural or synthetic rubber. The condoms and any dressing material applied to them shall not liberate substances which are toxic or otherwise harmful under normal conditions of use. Inspection lots shall be submitted packaged for supply or use. When tested in accordance with Appendix B to this standard, the condom shall present no visual evidence of leakage. When tested in accordance with Appendix C of this standard, the condom shall not leak or burst at a capacity of less than 15 L. When the condom is tested in accordance with Appendix D, there shall be no change in the color of the buffer solution nor evidence of staining of the absorbent paper by the pigment used to color the condom. Lubricated condoms shall be tested in the lubricated condition. Each condom shall be packed in a sealed unit pack in a hygienically satisfactory manner. The unit pack shall be packed in a primary pack sufficient robust to protect the condoms against damage during normal transport and storage. Either the unit pack or the primary pack shall be opaque. Information on how to store the condoms and on the use of lubricants shall be given on a leaflet enclosed in the primary pack. The unit pack shall be permanently and legibly marked with the registered trade name or trademark of the manufacturer and the batch number. The primary pack shall be marked with a description of contents, the expiration date together with the words indicating that the condom should not be used after the expiration date, instructions for storage, the batch number or numbers where the contents are drawn from different batches, and the name and registered address of the manufacturer and, for imported condoms, the name and registered address of the Australian distributor.
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