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Monday Developments. 2003 Sep 22; 21(17):1, 5.Unlike many regions that pit nations against each other in wars over water and sanitation, Bolivia's story tells of the government against its own people, the people against a multinational corporation and ultimately the corporation against the government. The battle over the water supply of Cochabamba, Bolivia's third largest city, has raged from countryside to the courts and is now being waged before the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), an arbitration body created by the World Bank. (excerpt)
WHO healthy cities and the US family support movements: a marriage made in heaven or estranged bed fellows?
Health Promotion International. 1996; 11(2):137-142.The family support movement in the US emerged at about the same time that the WHO Healthy Cities project was gaining momentum in Europe, and the underlying principles and ecologic frameworks of the two have much in common. However, while many 'Healthy Cities' in Europe have included activities that benefit families, this has not been made a major focus. There seems to be little awareness of experience gained in the US in terms of establishing programs with limited or no government funding, using volunteers, and developing social marketing and advocacy strategies sustain long term viability. Similarly, cities and states in the US are struggling to develop networks of family support programs and they appear to be doing this without the benefit of experience gained in Healthy Cities projects on how to engage political leadership, develop public policies, establish intersectoral councils, fund a coordinator position, mobilize neighborhoods, and evaluate community wide health promotion programs. The purpose of this paper is to examine how these two movements might join forces and learn from each other. (author's)