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  1. 1

    Violence against women: a multi-dimensional phenomenon.

    Innovations: Innovative Approaches to Population Programme Management. 2001; 9:1-18.

    The phenomenon of violence against women (VAW) and even girls has permeated all layers of society for centuries, and, sadly, it still echoes true in the current century. The most commonly used definition from Article 1 of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993, describes violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” Both males and females experience violence in one form or another, but females constitute a higher percentage of victims of violence through the lifespan, from pre-birth up to old age. They are denied the chance to be born, to survive after birth and to live a healthy life free from the various kinds of violence. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child -- and how to make it work.

    Hammarberg T

    Human Rights Quarterly. 1990 Feb; 12(1):97-105.

    When famine spreads, children die first. Diarrhoea is the worst killer in spite of available knowledge and means to control it. In poorer nations, some twelve million children die every year because they do not have vaccines or sufficient food. They are deprived of the most fundamental of all human rights-- the right to live. "It is our children who pay the heaviest price for our shortsighted economic policies, our political blunders, our wars." So said Eglantyne Jebb, the British pioneer for children's rights some seventy years ago when starting her campaign for better protection of the world's children. Her voice was heard. She was arrested for obscenity when she displayed pictures of starving children damaged by the war in other parts of Europe. But people rallied to her support and the Save the Children movement was formed. This new international movement drafted the Declaration of Geneva, adopted by the Assembly of the League of Nations in 1924. The first step had been taken towards international norms for the protection of children. The Declaration contained five principles which were general but to the point. One was that children should be the first to receive relief in emergencies. From then on, "children first" became a fundamental point in the struggle for the rights of the child. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Children: 'investments, not expenses' - United Nations Special Session on Children.

    Katsigeorgis J

    UN Chronicle. 2002 Sep-Nov; 39(3):[2] p..

    Over 2,600 delegates from 119 countries attended the United Nations Special Session on Children, which was held in New York from 8 to 10 May, to review the follow-up to the 1990 World Summit for Children. It brought together government leaders, non-governmental organizations, children's advocates and children themselves to investigate enduring obstacles to young people's welfare and development. The Session featured high-level participation of children in an unprecedented number and helped to demonstrate General Assembly President Han Seung-Soo's statement that "progress for children depends on partnership between many players and on the participation of children and many young people themselves". Youth representatives addressed the delegates and voiced their concerns on a world that all too often marginalizes the needs and wants of children. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Harnessing the energies of youth - United Nations Special Session on Children.

    Lamba IC

    UN Chronicle. 2002 Sep-Nov; 39(3):[5] p..

    Any discussion of children and youth now must inevitably relate to the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, which provide the road map for human development. The recent United Nations Special Session on Children exposed failures of Governments in creating an enabling environment for youth within the Millennium Goals. Heads of State and Government reaffirmed the crucial importance of recognizing the rights of youth for any development agenda to work. As they conceded, children's greatest needs and aspirations point to a world that facilitates a rich human development based on "principles and democracy, equality, nondiscrimination, peace, social justice and the universality, indivisibility, interdependence and interrelatedness of all human rights, including the right to development. Children and adolescents are resourceful citizens capable of building a better future for all" [A World Fit for Children]. The Special Session sounded a wake-up call to address the continuing neglect of children and youth in an uncaring world. (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    For the sake of honour: but whose honour? "Honour crimes" against women.

    Tripathi A; Yadav S

    Asia-Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law. 2004; 5(2):63-78.

    This article endevours to answer questions on this negative social behaviour which have recently engulfed the minds of many, especially in light of its increase in occurrence. These are queries such as: What are honour crimes? Whose honour is at stake? What steps are being taken to curb them? What is the extent to which they are prevalent in Islamic states, as well as Western states and others such as India?1 And where finally does the problem lie? (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    Stop violence against women. Fight AIDS.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]. Global Coalition on Women and AIDS

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, Global Coalition on Women and AIDS, [2006]. [4] p. (What's Real. Issue No. 2)

    Violence against women is a global health crisis of epidemic proportions and often a cause and consequence of HIV. Violence and the threat of violence dramatically increase the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV by making it difficult or impossible for women to abstain from sex, to get their partners to be faithful, or to use a condom. Violence is also a barrier for women in accessing HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. That is why the UNAIDS-led Global Coalition on Women and AIDS has made stopping violence against women a top priority. (excerpt)
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  7. 7

    World report, 2006. Events of 2005.

    Human Rights Watch

    New York, New York, Human Rights Watch, 2006. [543] p.

    Practice what I preach, not what I do is never terribly persuasive. Yet the U.S. government has been increasingly reduced to that argument in promoting human rights. Some U.S. allies, especially Britain, are moving in the same disturbing direction, while few other powers are stepping in to fill the breach. This hypocrisy factor is today a serious threat to the global defense of human rights. Major Western powers historically at the forefront of promoting human rights have never been wholly consistent in their efforts, but even their irregular commitment has been enormously important. Today, the willingness of some to flout basic human rights standards in the name of combating terrorism has deeply compromised the effectiveness of that commitment. The problem is aggravated by a continuing tendency to subordinate human rights to various economic and political interests. (excerpt)
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  8. 8

    Regional Consultation for the UN Study on Violence against Children in South Asia.

    Jabeen FS

    Kathmandu, Nepal, Save the Children Sweden, 2006. 37 p.

    This is a child and youth friendly book that briefly tells girls and boys about the discussions, concerns and recommendations that came up during the 'Consultation of South Asia Children and Young People for the UN Study on Violence against Children' followed by a 'Regional Consultation for the UN Study on Violence against Children in South Asia'. South Asia includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The consultations were held as part of a larger process of preparing a report for the United Nations Secretary General's Study on Violence against Children. It has given adults and children an opportunity to work together to understand the issue and to find ways of stopping violence against children. (excerpt)
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  9. 9

    Panel 4. Introductory remarks.

    McDougall G

    [Unpublished] 2004. Presented at the Conference on Gender Justice in Post-Conflict Situations, "Peace Needs Women and Women Need Justice”. Co-organized by the United Nations Development Fund for Women [UNIFEM] and the International Legal Assistance Consortium. New York, New York, September 15-17, 2004. 5 p.

    When wars occur, women are usually the most abused, aggrieved and powerless. In the vast majority of countries, women play no significant role in the decision-making process of whether war is warranted or lawful. When hostilities break out, women are exposed not only to the forms of violence and devastation that accompany any war but also to forms of violence directed specifically at women on account of their gender. The use of sexual violence and sexual slavery as tactics and weapons of war remains at a high level in spite of tremendous strides made by the global community over the past decade. It is imperative to acknowledge the immeasurable injury to body, mind and spirit that is inflicted by these acts. The overall deterioration in the conditions of women in armed conflict situations is due not only to the collapse of social restraints and the general mayhem that armed conflict causes, but also to a strategic decision on the part of combatants to intimidate and destroy the enemy as a whole byraping and enslaving women who are identified as members of the other warring party. (excerpt)
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  10. 10
    Peer Reviewed

    Intimate partner violence's effects on women's health may be long-lasting.

    Ramashwar S

    International Family Planning Perspectives. 2008 Jun; 34(2):98.

    Physical and sexual intimate partner violence may have lasting effects on a woman's health, according to a recent multicountry study by the World Health Organization. Compared with women who had never been abused, those who had suffered intimate partner violence had 60% greater odds of being in poor or very poor health, and about twice the odds of having had various health problems, such as memory loss and difficulty walking, in the past four weeks. (excerpt)
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