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  1. 201

    AIDS on the agenda: adapting development and humanitarian programmes to meet the challenge of HIV / AIDS.

    Holden S

    AIDS Analysis Africa. 2003 Jun-Jul; 14(1):9-10.

    The opportunity which mainstreaming presents to development agencies is to build on the ways in which their ordinary work contributes, indirectly, to the overall response to HIV and AIDS. They can do this by ensuring that their core work -- such as promoting food security, improving water supplies and sanitation, or extending credit -- reduces susceptibility to HIV infection and vulnerability to the impacts of AIDS. For example, development work which empowers people, particularly women and girls, and addresses gender inequality and poverty, makes them less susceptible to HIV infection. And work which strengthens communities, and enables poor households to improve their livelihood security, also makes people and societies less vulnerable to the impacts of AIDS. (excerpt)
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  2. 202
    Peer Reviewed

    The Magdalena Project: update on Magdalena Pacifica.

    Greenhalgh J

    Women and Environments International. 2003 Spring; (58-59):52.

    The Magdalena Pacifica Festival in Cali exhibited performances from some 30 Colombian companies, all of which focused on issues relating to women. The second part of the festival took place in Bogota at the invitation of Patricia Ariza, one of the most important and well-respected theatre activists in Colombia. (excerpt)
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  3. 203
    Peer Reviewed

    Cyprus: hands across the divide. A case study in bi-communal, cross-border activism.

    Loizou G

    Women and Environments International. 2003 Spring; (58-59):43-47.

    Hands Across the Divide (HAD) is a newly formed NGO linking women of northern Turkish-speaking Cyprus and southern Greek-speaking Cyprus. It is unique, the first of its kind in Cyprus, and the first bi-communal Cypriot organization to gain international recognition. So total is the Cypriot partition, that it is legally impossible to register a bi-communal organization in Cyprus as a single organization. So the women of HAD went to London to register. Despite all the barriers to communication across the Green Line, the women of HAD are carrying out joint actions for peace. While the northern HAD women are sharing in the massive demonstrations in the north, the Greek Cypriot members of Hands Across the Divide have started their own action in the south. Cyprus now faces entry to the European Union bringing new urgency to the question of reunification and peace. (excerpt)
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  4. 204

    Nyumbani Village, Nairobi, Kenya. Build community, rebuild hope.

    Noel Group

    Stevens Point, Wisconsin, Noel Group, [2002]. [34] p.

    Nyumbani Village will be successful because: 4 years experience with Ntokozweni 11 years experience with Nyumbani Globally responsible companies want to get involved Support exists from broad coalition of partners. (excerpt)
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  5. 205
    Peer Reviewed

    Globalisation, social values and human rights NGOs in Nigeria.

    Anugwom EE

    Africa Insight. 2002 Dec; 32(4):21-27.

    It is against this background that I attempt in this paper to ascertain the influence of globalisation on social values, focusing specifically on the human rights non-government organisations in Nigeria. In other words, this study seeks to establish a relation- ship between globalisation and the phenomenal growth of human rights NGOs in the past 15 years in Nigeria. The study makes use of a combination of documentary and questionnaire methods in describing a sample of 14 human rights NGOs in Nigeria. (excerpt)
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  6. 206

    U.N. women's meeting deadlocks on violence, NGOs debate MDGS and Fifth World Women's Conference.

    Kindervatter S

    Monday Developments. 2003 Apr 14; 21(7):7, 13.

    This idea that women determine their own fate simply terrifies some people," asserted Dr. Naris Sadik, special adviser to U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and special envoy for HIV/AIDS in Asia, at the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women meeting in New York March 3-14. The statement, made during a panel discussion related to reproductive health, also is an apt description for this 47th session of the Commission on the Status of Women given its failure to adopt agreed conclusions for one of the two focus issues, women's human rights and elimination of all forms of violence including the trafficking of women and girls. This was the first collapse in negotiations since the CSW began the procedure of adopting "agreed conclusions" in 1996. (excerpt)
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  7. 207

    Crossing borders: IPPF / WHR recommendations for partnerships.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Western Hemisphere Region [WHR]

    New York, New York, IPPF, WHR, 2002 Dec. 40 p. (Recommendations from the Field 01)

    Young people throughout the Americas encounter many of the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges, and the issues faced on both sides of the South/North divide mirror one another more and more as migration and globalization intensify. Despite the similarities in issues faced by youth throughout the region, there are large gaps in communication and exchange of information between organizations working in SRH in the United States (U.S.) and those in the Southern world and as a result, organizations were missing the opportunity to learn from each other. Capitalizing on its extensive network of affiliates throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, the International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region (IPPF/WHR) created the South-North Partnership initiative to create a mechanism for organization with youth programs to share experiences and gain new insights from the work of their partner organizations. While partnerships have begun to be recognized as a strategy for addressing similar needs and sharing resources, little information is available on how to initiate partnership work. Based on IPPF/WHR’s experiences in facilitating the South-North Partnership Program, this report focuses on key issues to consider for launching partnerships and offers strategic recommendations for organizations that are involved in them. In the experience of IPPF/WHR, no formula exists for making a partnership successful as differing ingredients shape unique challenges and opportunities. Nonetheless, several key issues emerge whenever organizations consider planning and implementing partnership programs. This report covers the following key issues for partnership programs: the potential benefits of partnerships; key elements for making partnerships work; organization factors to consider when pairing partners; phases of successful partnerships; participation of young people in partnerships aimed at addressing their needs; challenges in evaluating partnerships; and the role of a coordinating agency in a partnership program. The report concludes with a series of strategic recommendations for crossing borders into more successful partnerships.
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  8. 208

    First-ever U.N. session on children gets mixed reviews from NGOs, rights advocates.

    Friedman S

    Monday Developments. 2002 Jul 8; 20(12):12-13.

    Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) gave rave reviews to the overall commitment by the more than 100 governments present to the well-being, development and protection of children. NGOs participated widely, engaged in extensive networking and pointed with satisfaction to the unprecedented, active participation of so many children and adolescents. "But it seems like two sessions going on," said NGO representative Mani Gupta from India. "One is the public arena of plenaries, workshops and open debate and discussion," she said. "And then there are the closed-door negotiating sessions where a handful of governments decide the future of children, with more attention to political deals and ideologies than to the interests of children." (excerpt)
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  9. 209

    [The role and responsibility of volunteers in context of APFs] Papel e responsabilidade dos voluntarios no contexto das APFs.

    Samaio M

    Sexualidade e Planeamento Familiar. 2001 Jan-Jun; (29-30):37-9.

    The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) is considered the primary organization in the world in the area of sexual and reproductive health, however, potential donors have viewed it as too rigid. The IPPF organized a task force to confront this charge and come up with recommendations for improvement. Their proposal was that IPPF should be comprised of a diverse collection of volunteers in terms of age, sex, socioeconomic origin, occupation, performance, race, creed as well as linguistic and geographical representation in such a way that this can represent the communities in which they function.
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  10. 210

    United front against AIDS to avert a major development crisis.

    Gilada IS

    AIDS Asia. 1999 Nov-Dec; 20.

    This article describes the efforts to bring nongovernmental organizations, government and international authorities together to form a united front against HIV/AIDS championing the cause of prevention, control and management of HIV/AIDS in Mumbai, India.
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  11. 211

    Internally displaced still lack protection, says U.N. official.

    Monday Developments. 2002 Jun 24; 20(11):12.

    At a Forum workshop sponsored by the InterAction Disaster Response Committee, UN official Kofi Asomani stated that protection remains the area in which the international community's response to the growing global crisis of internal displacement remains weakest. Asomani, who heads the Internal Displacement Unit in the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, criticized the performance of the international system. He spoke about the constraints imposed by the small size and resource limitations of the unit, as well as its lack of authority over the operational UN agencies. Although nongovernmental organization representatives at the session appeared willing to allow more time for the new unit to deliver improvements in protection and assistance for internally displaced persons, several also proposed alternative structures to address the crisis.
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  12. 212

    Myanmar: the HIV / AIDS crisis. Myanmar briefing, Bangkok / Brussels, 2 April 2002.

    International Crisis Group

    Brussels, Belgium, International Crisis Group, 2002. 11 p.

    This paper reviews the HIV/AIDS crisis in Myanmar. It describes the extent of the crisis in the region, the government's response against it, as well as of the UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other sectors.
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  13. 213

    Prevention of STD / HIV / AIDS among women in prostitution: changing trends.

    Voluntary Health Services. AIDS Prevention and Control Project

    Chennai, India, Voluntary Health Services, AIDS Prevention and Control Project, [2000]. 43 p.

    In Tamil Nadu, India, there are no research studies undertaken to establish the prevalence of HIV among women in prostitution. However, the clinical data from various sources reveal that a significant proportion of them are infected with HIV. The situational assessment conducted by the nongovernmental organization (NGO) partners facilitated by AIDS and Prevention and Control (APAC) revealed various factors, which made women more prone to the infection. It was mainly due to the inconsistent usage of condoms; various myths and misconceptions; lower empowerment; lower social status and educational level. To this effect, the APAC project adopted the implementation of holistic, participatory gender specific and culture sensitive prevention programs among women in prostitution. It provides relevant information to risk population groups, promotion of quality condoms, enhancement of sexually transmitted disease and counseling services, and explorative research for increasing the effectiveness of the project. It is noted that APAC supports six NGOs in six towns in Tamil Nadu to implement the targeted intervention among women in prostitution.
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  14. 214

    NGO Statement on Children and Armed Conflict.

    Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children. Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict

    [Unpublished] 2001 Nov 16 7 p.

    This position paper, which has been endorsed by several international agencies working on the rights of children, calls for informed, consistent action on children and armed conflict resolutions. Specifically, the groups indicate that: 1) the UN Security Council needs full information to exercise its responsibilities; 2) the UN Security Council needs to be consistent in implementing resolutions 1261 and 1314; 3) the UN Security Council should adopt a problem-solving approach to its mandate to protect children and take appropriate action early; and 4) the recommendations made by the UN Secretary- General in his reports on children and armed conflict be implemented. Several recommendations are highlighted in the context of lessons learned from implemented measures and the particular concerns of nongovernmental organizations.
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  15. 215

    Directory: Organisations involved in eradication of female genital mutilation (FGM) in Kenya.

    National Focal Point on FGM; Northern Aid

    Nairobi, Kenya, Northern Aid, National Focal Point on FGM, 2001. 60 p.

    According to the 1998 Kenyan Demographic and Health Surveys, 38% of Kenyan women have been circumcised. The consequences of female genital mutilation (FGM) are many including, high maternal and infant mortality rates, irreversible lifelong health risks at the times of menstruation, consummation of marriage and during childbirth, immediate and long-term physical, sexual and psychological complications among others. During the past decade, different governments including the Kenyan government, international development agencies, UN and international and national organizations developed policies condemning the practice of FGM. In accordance, the National Focal Point of Kenya has compiled a directory in an effort to identify all players in this field. This directory provides a profile or organizations ranging from the Gok ministries to religious/research/counseling organizations, other local and international nongovernmental organizations and donors, including UN bodies. This directory aims to assist organizations to establish links with each other, in order to share experiences and to consolidate their efforts, as this is crucial in the eradication of FGM.
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  16. 216

    Contraceptive requirements and logistics management needs in Bangladesh.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Technical and Evaluation Division. Reproductive Health / Family Planning Branch

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1995. ix, 115 p. (Technical Report No. 23)

    This report contains the results of a 1994 UN Population Fund (UNFPA) mission to Bangladesh undertaken on behalf of the UN's Global Initiative on Contraceptive Requirements and Logistics Management Needs. After presenting an executive summary, the report opens with an introductory chapter which describes the UNFPA Global Initiative, Bangladesh's population and family planning (FP) policies, policy strategies, the structure of the national FP program, the delivery of FP services, and donor assistance. Chapter 2 covers contraceptive requirements and reviews the longterm projection methodology as well as projects to meet government objectives for the year 2005. The third chapter deals with logistics management in terms of distribution channels and contraceptive supply systems. Chapter 4 discusses various aspects of contraceptive manufacturing including taxes and duties and quality assurance. The next chapter looks at the role of nine nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector (private practitioners, private corporations, and the social marketing company). This chapter also covers the sexually transmitted disease (STD)/HIV/AIDS prevention activities undertaken by NGOs and coordination and collaboration between NGOs and the government. Chapter 6 is concerned with the use of condoms for STD/HIV/AIDS prevention, and chapter 7 provides a financial analysis of the allocations and expenditures of the government program, the World Bank-assisted program, the UNFPA-assisted program, and the program supported by the US Agency for International Development. This chapter also considers financial aspects of program performance, contraceptive requirements, contraceptive consumption and costs, and sustainability.
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  17. 217

    Directory of funding sources for safe motherhood projects.

    Appropriate Health Resources and Technologies Action Group [AHRTAG]

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], Division of Family Health, Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, 1995. 71, [3] p. (WHO/FHE/MSM/95.2)

    This directory is the revised second edition of a listing of funding sources for individuals, small groups, and nongovernmental organizations active in maternal health and safe motherhood programs. The manual was prepared in response to requests for funding directed to the World Health Organization's Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme. Advice given on how best to use the directory covers such issues as reading all of the information about an agency before sending in an application, how countries in which agencies support programs are listed, what it means when an agency will support all types of maternal health activities, where to apply, and whether a partner is required. Information is also provided on how to prepare a project proposal. The listing of 55 agencies includes how to contact the agency, who to contact, the types of projects supported, funding limits, and conditions for support.
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  18. 218

    Cairo, Copenhagen, Beijing: making the links.

    U.S. Network for Cairo

    CAIRO '94. 1995 Jan; 1(8):1-4.

    The series of UN conferences which have been held since 1990 has sought holistic approaches to such problems as lack of education, poverty, overconsumption, environmental degradation, population, ill health, human rights, and gender inequities. During the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, which focused on population, sustained economic growth, and sustainable development, a 20-year Programme of Action was adopted by 180 nations. Rather than focusing on demographic targets, this Programme views population stabilization as crucial to sustainable development. The World Summit for Social Development focused on poverty, building social cohesion, and creating jobs; and the Fourth World Conference on Women sought equality, development, and peace and highlighted health care, education, poverty, women's participation in decision-making, violence, food security, environmental management, and communication. The 1996 UN Conference on Human Settlements will stress urbanization, health, and housing. Those who participated in these conferences want to see their work continued and realized and are concerned about whether the international community will fund the global action plans which were developed. The participation of nongovernmental organizations may prove to be vital in raising social awareness, developing national policy, ensuring action, and monitoring commitments. National NGO networks have been established in the US to keep these issues alive and before the public. At the international level, NGO networks are working together to coordinate NGO participation in world conferences.
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  19. 219

    Meeting of the Non-Governmental Organization Advisory Committee at UNFPA, 12-13 April 1995.

    United Nations Population Fund. [UNFPA]. Task Force on International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Implementation

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1995. [3], 13, [12] p. (Technical Report No. 25)

    The first meeting of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) Advisory Committee took place in New York during April 12-13, 1995. Participants came from both national and international NGOs, with many having been actively involved in the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) preparatory activities and the conference itself. This report summarizes the presentations, discussions, and recommendations which came out of the two-day meeting. The agenda, list of participants, and opening remarks of the UNFPA Executive Director are included. Sections describe ongoing UNFPA-NGO collaboration, future directions for UNFPA programming, field examples of NGO-government collaboration, the formulation of recommendations, UNFPA NGO guidelines, and identifying key national NGOs. Final recommendations are related to the implementation of the ICPD program of action, collaboration and partnership, research and data collection, and draft NGO guidelines.
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  20. 220

    Statement of the caucus, FHI Symposium Panel on Women and AIDS, September 12, 1994, Cairo, Egypt.

    International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD] (1994: Cairo). NGO Forum. Caucus for Women and AIDS

    In: Cairo and Beijing: defining the women and AIDS agenda, [compiled by] Family Health International [FHI]. AIDS Control and Prevention Project [AIDSCAP]. Arlington, Virginia, AIDSCAP, 1995. 7-8.

    Although the Program of Action developed by the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development acknowledges the grave threat to women's health posed by acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), there was insufficient discussion at the gathering of the steps that must be taken to curb the further spread of AIDS. Thus, the Caucus on Women and AIDS of the Nongovernmental Forum at the Conference developed the following recommendations: 1) reject the view of women as solely vectors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); 2) create a compassionate community environment, including legal protection, conducive to the open discussion of AIDS by those most affected; 3) create partnerships between men and women around the prevention of AIDS; 4) give priority to the prevention of HIV transmission in the design and development of new contraceptive technologies; 5) ensure women's access to health care services that address AIDS, reproductive health, and family planning; 6) facilitate sociocultural changes that eliminate the stigmatization and fear surrounding AIDS and reduce the behaviors that place people at risk of infection; 7) make HIV/AIDS an integral part of all health and development programs; and 8) ensure that HIV/AIDS control strategies and programs are sensitive to their cultural context.
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  21. 221

    For a meaningful women's conference in Beijing past promises must be kept.


    EARTHACTION. 1995 Jun-Sep; 4(6):[2] p.

    The actions the international community takes today will dictate whether the people of the world will continue to suffer poverty, hunger, disease, and armed strife as the population continues to grow. The UN has convened several high-level meetings in an attempt to address the problems which face humanity. At the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, it was agreed that $17 billion/year must be spent in the year 2000 on family planning and reproductive health in the developing countries (a third from rich, industrial countries), but there has been little effort made to allocate resources. The 1995 World Summit for Social Development proposed that rich, industrial countries devote 20% of their development assistance to the provision of basic human needs. This would be matched by the developing countries. To date, only seven countries have agreed to this goal. In 1992, at the UN Conference on Environment and Development, most delegates from rich countries reaffirmed their commitment to devote 0.7% of their gross national product to help developing countries achieve environmentally sustainable development. Since then, development assistance has actually declined. The upcoming Fourth World Conference on Women will address the following areas of critical concern: 1) poverty, 2) access to quality education, 3) access to quality health care, 4) eliminating violence against women and girls, 5) protecting women from conflicts, 6) promoting women's economic self-reliance, 7) promoting equal participation in decision-making, 8) integrating gender equality into national policy and planning, 9) protecting human rights, 10) increasing women's participation and equity in the media, 11) promoting women's contribution to the management of natural resources and environmental protection, and 12) eliminating all discrimination and violations against girls. A parallel Nongovernmental Organization Forum will take place during the conference. While these UN conferences focus global public attention on critical issues, governments must keep the promises they make at these meetings in order to achieve the necessary changes.
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  22. 222

    Delegates' guide to recent publications for the International Conference on Population and Development.

    Cooperating Agencies Working Group on Materials Development and Media Activities

    Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, 1994. [6], 75 p.

    The chapters of this listing of recent publications correspond to the chapters in the Draft Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. Thus, publications are grouped under the headings: 1) interrelationships between population, sustained economic growth, and sustainable development; 2) gender equality, equity, and empowerment of women; 3) the family and its roles, composition, and structure; 4) population growth and structure; 5) reproductive rights, sexual and reproductive health, and family planning; 6) health, morbidity, and mortality; 7) population distribution, urbanization, and internal migration; 8) international migration; 9) population, development, and education; 10) technology, research, and development; 11) national action; 12) international cooperation; and 13) partnership with the nongovernmental sector. There are no entries that correspond to the Programme of Action chapters which present the Preamble, Principles, or Follow-up to the Conference. More than 40 organizations listed publications in this guide and agreed to provide copies free of charge to official ICPD delegates as long as supplies last. A full list of organization names, contact persons, addresses, and telephone and fax numbers is also given.
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  23. 223

    Better health in Africa.

    World Bank. Africa Technical Department. Human Resources and Poverty Division

    [Unpublished] 1993 Dec. xii, 217, [2] p. (Report No. 12577-AFR)

    The World Bank has recommended a blueprint for health improvement in sub-Saharan Africa. African countries and their external partners need to reconsider current health strategies. The underlying message is that many African countries can achieve great improvements in health despite financial pressure. The document focuses on the significance of enhancing the ability of households and communities to identify and respond to health problems. Promotion of poverty-centered development strategies, more educational opportunities for females, strengthening of community monitoring and supervision of health services, and provision of information on health conditions and services to the public are also important. Community-based action is vital. The report greatly encourages African governments to reform their health care systems. It advocates basic packages of health services available to everyone through health centers and first referral hospitals. Health care system reform also includes improving management of health care inputs (e.g., drugs) and new partnerships between public agencies and nongovernmental health care providers. Ministries of Health should concentrate more on policy formulation and public health activities, encourage private voluntary organizations, and establish an environment conducive to the private sector. African countries need more efficient allocation and management of public financial resources for health to boost their effect on critical health indicators (e.g., child mortality). Public resources should also be reallocated from less productive activities to health activities. More commitment from governments and domestic sources and an increase of external assistance are needed for low income African countries. The first action step should be a national agenda for health followed by action planning and setting goals to measure progress.
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  24. 224

    The International Conference on Population and Development, September 5-13, 1994, Cairo, Egypt. Nepal's country report.

    Nepal. National Planning Commission

    Kathmandu, Nepal, National Planning Commission, 1993 Sep. vi, 49 p.

    Prepared for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, this country report from Nepal opens with a description of the geographic features and administrative regions, zones, and districts of the country. 91% of the population of Nepal is rural, and agriculture accounts for 57% of the gross domestic product. Nepal has made some socioeconomic gains from 1961 to 1991 which are reflected in improved life expectancy (from 34 to 54.4 years), a decline in the infant mortality rate (from 200 to 102), and an improvement in the literacy rate (from 9 to > 40%). However, the per capital income of US $180 and rapid population growth have impeded improvement in the standard of living. The new government of Nepal is committed to establishing a better balance between population and the environment. This report provides a discussion of population growth and structure; population distribution, urbanization, and migration; the environment and sustainable development; the status of women; population policies and programs (highlighting the population policy of the plan for 1992-97); the national family planning program and health programs; and intervention issues. A 15-point summary is provided, and details of the objectives, priorities, and major policy thrust in regard to population and development of the Eight Plan (1992-97) are appended.
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  25. 225

    The Egyptian NGO platform document, submitted to the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo 5 to 13 September, 1994.

    National N.G.O. Committee

    [Unpublished] 1994. [2], 80 p.

    This document was prepared in preparation for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in order to present the consensus of 450 Egyptian nongovernmental organization (NGOs) on the following: 1) the 6 major issues proposed in the draft program of action for ICPD approval (population and sustainable development, population and the environment, enhancing women's role in society, reproductive health, family and health education, and population policies and migration); 2) Egypt's policy in regard to population and development; and 3) the role of Egyptian NGOs in the field of population and development and their vision of the future. In addition, the Egyptian NGO National Steering Committee used this opportunity to organize the NGOs in preparation for co-hosting and participating in the international NGO Forum to be held concurrently with the ICPD; to establish a network for communication, coordination, and consensus building among NGOs operating at the local, provincial, national, and international levels; and to create an organization of Egyptian NGOs which will exist beyond the ICPD. The document concludes with 8 recommendations to governments of developed countries; 5 to international organizations; 19 to the Egyptian government concerning sustainable development, 14 on the role of women in society, 7 on reproductive health and rights, 7 on family education, and 15 on population policies and immigration; and 8 to NGOs.
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