Your search found 31 Results
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW. 1996 Sep; 22(3):594-600.This article discusses and reproduces two documents that outline the population goals of the UN. The first document is the UN Population Fund's (UNFPA) new mission statement, which was revised in April 1996 to reflect the strategy contained in the Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). The mission statement defines the three areas of concern to UNFPA as 1) working toward universal access to sexual and reproductive health by the year 2015, 2) supporting capacity-building in population programming, and 3) promoting awareness of population and development issues and advocating for the mobilization of resources and political will to address these issues. The mission statement affirms the commitment of UNFPA to reproductive rights, gender equity and male responsibility, and the empowerment of women as development goals. Finally, the statement acknowledges the responsibility of UNFPA in overseeing the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action and in assisting in the mobilization of resources to meet the ICPD goals. The second document is the "Common Advocacy Statement on Population and Development" adopted to establish a commonly-shared language for the entire UN system and to integrate population into all UN development strategies. This statement defines sectoral linkages between population and poverty eradication, environmental protection, food security, women's empowerment, employment, education, and health. The ICPD Programme of Action's quantitative goals in the areas of education, mortality reduction (covering infant and child mortality, maternal mortality, and life expectancy), and reproductive health (including family planning and sexual health) are annexed to the statement.
Bangkok, Thailand, Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development, 1996. 30 p.The Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD) is a coordinating body working to generate support and perpetuate cooperation among Asian parliamentarians in the area of population and development. The objectives of the AFPPD are: 1) to contribute to the establishment of lasting world peace; 2) to encourage and promote parliamentary initiatives; and 3) to promote parliamentary activities. The AFPPD conducts regional seminars, conferences, and study visits as a means to help parliamentarians increase their level of information, involvement and motivation in the issues surrounding population and development. This document presents the 1990-96 Report of the AFPPD. It contains messages from the Chairman; Secretary General; and the UN Population Fund. It also covers the background, objectives, and structure of the program and highlights activities at both the national and regional levels. Country reports from India, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Australia are also presented. A list of executive meetings is included, along with a list of international initiatives.
New York, New York, UNFPA, 1996. iii, 12 p. (Technical Report No. 32; E/800/1996)This UN Population Fund (UNFPA) technical report presents information on donated contraceptive commodities for developing countries during 1992-94 based on the database maintained by the Global Initiative on Contraceptive Requirements and Logistics Management Needs in Developing Countries. Established in March 1993, this database serves as a practical and useful repository of information on donated contraceptive commodities, which includes condoms for HIV/AIDS prevention. Findings indicate that support provided by the US Agency for International Development has varied, while support from UNFPA has steadily increased. In addition, oral contraceptive and condoms constituted the major part of the expenditure which was distributed in 167 countries and territories, with over half of all these expenditures were received by Bangladesh, Philippines, Vietnam, India, Nepal, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Nigeria, Kenya and Mexico. Comparing the estimated requirements of contraceptive costs with the donated support reveals a large gap, which could be attributed to the fact that the contraceptive requirements of the region have been largely met by local production and national procurement. To end, this paper emphasizes the need for a more prospective-oriented data system in the face of the increasing demand for modern contraceptives, by enabling countries to program their future contraceptive requirements and develop the required logistics systems for their distribution.
In: Salas Forum papers on population, development and environment, edited by Renato S. Velasco, Alexander R. Magno. Quezon City, Philippines, Rafael M. Salas Foundation, 1996. viii-xv.The seven topics that are outlined in the book Salas Forum Papers on Population Development and Environment are discussed. The book also profiles the late Mr. Rafael Salas as the Founding Executive Director of the Rafael M. Salas Foundation, a nongovernmental organization based in the Philippines and funded by the UN Population Fund. Mr. Salas was a man profoundly committed to uplifting the Filipino people from poverty. He embraced the ethos that the first responsibility of the political leader is to secure his people's destiny from the vagaries of constant change and the dire consequences of inappropriate policy action. In present days, this ethos is understood as sustainable development and calls for a moderation of the present needs so that people do not diminish the ability of future generations to meet their needs too. He also correlated population dynamics to achieving sustainable development, which is evident in the discussions during the seven sessions of the Salas Forum compiled in this book. The topics included 1) a presentation entitled, Population, Resources and the Philippine Future ; 2) discussion of the six policy papers on population and development dialogue; 3) demographic trends in the Philippines; 4) dynamics between population management, sustainable development and organized religion; 5) the national security aspect of population planning; 6) the gender aspect of social transformation; and 7) debates on population and environment.
In: Salas Forum papers on population, development and environment, edited by Renato S. Velasco, Alexander R. Magno. Quezon City, Philippines, Rafael M. Salas Foundation, 1996. vi-vii.The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Philippines, led by Rafael Salas, has changed from a fledgling agency into one of the most dynamic and financially stable UN agencies. The vision and principles he laid during the inception of UNFPA has been and will remain valid for years to come. These include the respect for national sovereignty and for individual human rights, organizational flexibility, innovation and expediency. Following the death of Mr. Salas, the Rafael M. Salas Foundation was established in the Philippines, supported by the UNFPA. One of its programs is the annual Salas Forum, which serves as a fruitful arena where the multi-faceted concerns of development may be examined dispassionately and intelligently. As a nongovernmental endeavor, it opens an important channel where sober debate is conducted between and among the relevant actors in the formulation of population and development policies. The papers presented to the Forum and the deliberation helps to clarify problems and possible solutions to the often ambiguous and complex process of development.
Dhaka, Bangladesh, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 1996. 83 p.This document reports the status of the Reproductive Health Program in Bangladesh. Information was gathered by conducting an extensive review of the existing national policy and programs in reproductive health and interviewing both government officials/program managers, as well as managers of nongovernmental programs in the sector. The review aims to define the role of the UN Population Funds in Bangladesh Reproductive Health Programs (family planning, maternal care, prevention of unsafe abortions and the linkage between abortion and family planning, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted disease, infertility and subfecundity, women's reproductive health conditions, and prevention of harmful practices). Aside from that, it also highlights the role of men in reproductive health, as both supportive partners to their wives' decisions and needs regarding family planning, safe motherhood and safe sexual practices. Also, information on adolescents and their particular reproductive health needs is provided. Lastly, the concluding portion provides an extensive bibliography of reference materials that were used.
[New York, New York], UNFPA, 1996 Jun 3. 76 p.This document reports the interest of the United Nation's Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Habitat II conference and, in particular, in the plan of action that will be decided upon in Istanbul. The Fund's primary objective is to increase awareness that the demographic future is not inevitable, that previous UN conferences have set out guideposts for reaching a more favorable outcome by addressing the basic social needs of individuals and families. In order to bring population-settlement linkages to the fore, UNFPA has actively involved itself in preparatory activities for Habitat II. The list of UNFPA activities includes participation in the Habitat Preparatory Committee and the intersessional Informal Drafting Group. UNFPA has rendered support to the general work of the conference secretariat by financing one senior post on a temporary basis. To move these linkages, UNFPA also sponsored various preparatory meetings, both globally and regionally. The Symposium on International Migration and Urbanization in Developing Countries concerned: Implications for Habitat II held by UNFPA to proposed recommendations addressing issues on urban population growth and policies; vulnerable groups; sustainable land use; poverty reduction and employment creation; environmentally sustainable and healthy human settlement; improving urban economies; and balanced development in rural settlements. Aside from that, UNFPA also co-sponsored, along with the UN Center for Human Settlements (Habitat), another symposium entitled From Cairo to Istanbul: International Symposium on Human Settlements to draft recommendations on the linkages with the environment and implications of aging population.
Egypt. Programme review and strategy development report. Program review and strategy development mission to the Arab Republic of Egypt, 28 October - 29 November 1996.
Cairo, Egypt, UNFPA, 1996. vii, 93 p.This is a report on a program review and strategy development exercise undertaken by the government of Egypt in cooperation with the UN Population Fund. The report analyzes the current status and needs of the country in the area of population and development, assesses the achievements of the past population and development program, reviews national and international support, and recommends future activities for an overall national population strategy. Chapters I, II, and III discuss the population and development situation (in terms of demographic, economic and social trends), present a review of the national population program, and propose national population program strategies, respectively. Also mentioned are reproductive health, fertility, mortality, education, living standards, women's status, gender issues, and family planning. A brief summary is also provided together with recommendations on population and development. Current financial project allocations to population and health projects in Egypt are presented in table by type of project and donor channel. The government has provided the framework for these strategic interventions by indicating the need for desirable policies and programmatic measures.
Inventory of national and regional institutions and national consultants in the countries of Central and South Asia.
Kathmandu, Nepal, UNFPA, Country Support Team for Central and South Asia, 1996 Dec. , 49 p.This report presents a listing, by country, of national and regional institutions dealing with population, reproductive health, and women's issues in Central and South Asia and a list of national consultants. The countries with this information include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the Central Asian Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Resource requirements for population and reproductive health programmes. Programme country profiles for population assistance: sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia, Pacific Islands, Latin America, the Caribbean.
New York, New York, UNFPA, 1996. , 165 p. (E/500/1996)This compendium provides socioeconomic and demographic statistical profiles for developing countries in the major regions of the world, estimated annual financial resource requirements for population programs for 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015, and the stated population policy of each country. About 76% of the almost $5.6 billion available for global population and reproductive health services was provided by developing countries. The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) adopted a formula for satisfying future population and family planning needs. Developing countries should contribute about $11.3 billion from domestic resources, an increase of $7 billion over 1995 figures. Donor nations should increase support by $4.4 billion. The needs for family planning are summarized by region. For example, sub-Saharan Africa includes 29 of the least developed countries in the world. The socioeconomic and demographic predictors among African countries indicate a poor quality of life and a lack of sustainable development. Most African countries need to expand services and improve quality in the delivery of reproductive health care. African countries are suffering from resource constraints that will make it difficult to meet their ICPD commitments. Most African countries will need external support on a concessional or grant basis. Countries in Eastern Europe and the Central Asian Republics are expected to have a continuation of slow population growth. The needs of North African, Asian, and South Pacific Island countries with 60% of global population include infrastructure, human resource development, and external support.
[Building quality of life: a program focus for Honduras] Edificando la calidad de vida: un enfoque de programa para Honduras.
BOLETIN INFORMATIVO: FNUAP HONDURAS. 1996; (1):1-6.Guidelines and principles of UN Population Fund (UNFPA) cooperative effort in Honduras during 1996-99 are presented. The new program will attempt to contribute to awareness and generate commitment to improving the quality of life and removing barriers to sustainable human development. The program strategy reflects the national objectives of consensus, participation, and decentralization. The government of Honduras and UNFPA have defined as priorities actions to overcome problems such as high rates of maternal morbidity and mortality, adolescent pregnancy, unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS, and violence against women, as well as inadequate consideration of demographic dynamics in the effort to overcome poverty. The program of cooperation has been organized in three basic lines of action: population and development, reproductive health, and population promotion and education, all of which will incorporate a gender perspective.
In: Proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on Innovative Techniques for Population Censuses and Large-Scale Demographic Surveys, The Hague, 22-26 April 1996, [compiled by] Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI], United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. The Hague, Netherlands, NIDI, 1996. 203-13.Decennial censuses are a major source of information needed for effective development planning and the monitoring of population, socioeconomic, and environmental trends. However, census data are typically processed slowly and published after considerable delay. The data are then disseminated inefficiently, barely reaching the various target groups of users. The author discusses the use of census data and mapping that data. PopMap is an integrated software for geographical information, graphics, and maps databases. A UNFPA-funded project designed and developed the software in collaboration with the Viet Nam Institute of Information Technology. The software can help developing countries establish geographical databases. The following experiences with PopMap application development are described: Zimbabwe census geographical database, Uganda 1991 census atlas, Madagascar 1993 census atlas, and the Indonesian geographical database for support of the family planning program. Technical issues and how developing countries can access PopMap are also discussed.
Innovative computer methods for demographic enquiries and the dissemination of population information.
In: Proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on Innovative Techniques for Population Censuses and Large-Scale Demographic Surveys, The Hague, 22-26 April 1996, [compiled by] Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI], United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. The Hague, Netherlands, NIDI, 1996. 125-48.This paper was written to be used in the context of one of several UN Population Fund-sponsored expert meetings in preparation for the 2000 Round of Population Censuses. A review is presented of recent proven technical developments of interest to developing or newly-emerging countries, beginning with sections on appropriate technology; technical awareness and skills; training, information gathering, and technical assistance; software operating environments; and outsourcing. Computer-supported planning and management, design tools, office communication, and quality management are then discussed with regard to census/survey management and design, followed by mapping and data collection. Office processing is considered in sections on data capture, coding, error scrutiny and imputation, tabulation, meta-data systems, and new storage media. Non-paper dissemination, statistical and demographic databases, and multimedia applications are discussed in closing.
Bangkok, Thailand, Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development, 1996. , 30 p.This document contains the report of the activities undertaken by the Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development during 1990-96. The report opens with a message from the AFPPD's chairman noting that the AFPPD has been instrumental in organizing international conferences to allow parliamentarians from other parts of the world to explore population, development, and gender issues. Messages from the Secretary-General of the AFPPD and the Deputy Executive Director of the UN Population Fund stress the importance of political commitment for population programs. The report continues with a description of the formation of the AFPPD in 1981 for the purpose of contributing to the establishment of world peace and improving the standard of living and welfare of people in Asia. The next sections of the report describe the structure of the organization and provide a profile of its membership and a brief description of its activities. A more in-depth review of country activities is then given for India, Viet Nam, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Fiji, and Australia. A summary is also provided of the international initiatives undertaken by the AFPPD, which took the form of four international conferences (one in 1994, two in 1995, and one in 1996). The report ends by identifying the AFPPD's current officers and the addresses of its full-time offices.
DISPATCHES: NEWS FROM UNFPA. 1996 Nov; (11):2.As part of a series of Arab regional meetings on social affairs, an expert group meeting was held September 25-27, 1996. Participants included Jordan's Minister for Social Development, Abu Jamous, who emphasized a new role for women, one in which they could participate actively in society without restriction by tradition and culture. Recommendations included improving women's access to quality reproductive health care (including family planning), particularly in rural areas. Raising awareness among women and among communities concerning the positive outcome of reproductive health and decreased maternal mortality due to repeated childbearing was stressed. At the first meeting of this event, representatives of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) discussed follow-up for the recommendations of the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995) and adopted a Plan of Action. Her Royal Highness Basma Bint Talal of Jordan, in her opening remarks, spoke about the vital role of NGOs "in women's development and their fight against discrimination, so that they will be equal to men and be able to serve their community based on the Islamic sharia and our Arab tradition". Atef Khalifa, director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Country Support Team for Arab States and Europe, reported that all delegations had "keen understanding and great awareness of reproductive health issues" and "fully endorsed programs and mechanisms related to reproductive health and rights". UNFPA representatives provided presentations during several panel discussions at this event.
New York, New York, UNFPB, . 31 p.This report provides a global overview on the status of women, identifies the recommendations relevant to gender from the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), and the progress made in improving women's health and status. The bulk of this report is devoted to an overview of the UNFPA gender, population, and development activities globally, interregionally, and by specific region. For example, UNFPA has been active in Africa since the 1970s in helping government formulate population policies and programs compatible with sociocultural and political conditions. The network of family planning and maternal and child health services has grown in Africa, but use is mixed. UNFPA is developing strategies to promote male involvement in family planning, to address the issue of AIDS, and to reach refugees and displaced women. UNFPA supports IEC (information, education, and communication) programs that endeavor to create AIDS awareness, prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, and eliminate female genital mutilation. UNFPA is working to strengthen regional and national databases and to help governments formulate strategies to improve women's status. UNFPA supports about 29 national women's organizations in Africa and is engaged in income generation activities for women that are linked with family planning. UNFPA has collaborated with many nongovernmental groups in Africa to improve the status of women. It is argued that low levels of reproductive health and family planning services throughout Africa are due to lack of appropriate information, limited access, poor quality of services, and fees for services. An emerging issue is the reproductive health of youth. Continuing issues are sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS. Other key African issues are education cutbacks, lack of employment opportunities for women, and refugees and displaced persons.
Report of the Technical consultation on Female Genital Mutilation, 27-29 March 1996, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
New York, New York, UNFPA, 1996. 36 p.This report presents a summary of the discourse among 58 participants from 25 countries, international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), UN agencies, and African organizations, who attended the Technical Consultation on Female Genital Mutilation during March 1996 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The meeting was sponsored and organized by the UNFPA. About 85-115 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and at least 2 million are at risk. Reproductive and sexual health are affected over the entire life course by FGM. Despite the seriousness of the issue, there are major gaps in knowledge about the extent of the problem and the nature of successful interventions. Expressed concern has not reached the level of legal change or programs for promoting the abandonment of the practice. Dr. Leila Mehra reviewed the main features of FGM, UN policies, and the implications for operations research. Dr. Nahid Toubia gave an assessment of approaches to FGM from a reproductive health, human rights, and historical perspective. The World Health Organization Working Group emphasized the importance of including all physical, psychological, and human rights aspects of FGM in the definition. Dr. Mehra indicated that circumcisers, government policymakers, and NGOs should be targeted. Country-specific presentations focused on Ghana, Burkina Faso, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, Senegal, and Ethiopia. Participants generally agreed that circumcisers need alternative sources of income and that resistance is widespread. Parents need to be educated. Communities need sex education. Men's and women's groups need to be mobilized to stop FGM. Ms. Ana Angarita proposed a model of the determinants of FGM and potential areas for intervention and summarized the initiatives taken and constraints. Dr. Hamid Rushwan proposed a framework for integrating FGM eradication into three UNFPA program areas.
WORLD HEALTH. 1996 Jul-Aug; 49(4):26.School-age children and adolescents face considerable health challenges. They are confronted at young ages with situations which require knowledge for decision-making and skills for preventive action. Adolescents often find themselves under strong peer pressure to engage in risky behaviors which can have serious long-term adverse consequences. Early pregnancy; drug, alcohol, and tobacco use combined with early pregnancy leading to birth defects; and HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases are experienced by many adolescents and youth. A number of recent major international conferences have drawn attention to the health and education needs of adolescents. UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) are working on these issues with ministries of education around the world. The UNFPA is funding population education projects in more than 70 countries, while other donors are funding related activities. Governments around the world are building the activities into their school curricula.
ASIAN FORUM NEWSLETTER. 1996 Oct-Dec; 3.The Deputy Executive Director of the UN Population Fund praised the Asian Forum for its efforts to bring together parliamentarians from all over the world to shape the international agenda which emerged from the recent series of UN-sponsored conferences and summits. The contributions of parliamentarians were particularly significant in the context of the International Conference on Population and Development, the World Summit on Social Development, and the Fourth World Conference on Women. Each of these events was preceded by international meetings of parliamentarians at the initiative of the Asian Forum. Parliamentarians from 29 countries meeting at the September 1995 Asian Forum general assembly adopted the Canberra Statement on Food Security, Population, and Development, a statement reflecting the commitment of parliamentarians to take concerted action with regard to food security and population. Population growth will compound the issue of food security in the future.
POPULATION - FAMILY PLANNING NEWS. 1996 Jan-Jun; (2):7.Although the government of Viet Nam has increased its annual budget for the national population and family planning (FP) program, national resources (central government, and provincial and community level contributions) provide US $0.35 or 0.4 per capita/year. Since 1977, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has contributed a total of US $80 million. The UNFPA country program aims to reduce population growth through declining fertility. It focuses on improving accessibility and availability of maternal and child health (MCH)/(FP) services; improving knowledge of population issues; and enhancing government capability in research, management, program implementation, and establishing an adequate and effective population system. Sweden, Australia, the Netherlands, Japan, France, Belgium, and Germany have provided funds mobilized by UNFPA. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that have provided aid include: the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF); the International Council on Management of Population Programmes (ICOMP); the Population Council; and the Family Planning International Association (FPIA) of the U.S. The National Committee for Population and Family Planning (NCPFP) has associated these aid programs with the national population/family planning program. Decision 20/CP of the government (March 1994), with regard to Official Development Assistance (ODA), calls for a rational division of responsibility for more flexible management of the program. A project, "Promotion of Family Health," funded by Germany (US $2.7 million) for 1995-1997 is implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) in collaboration with NCPFP in five provinces. A number of NGOs have given direct support to some localities through the People's Aid Cooperation Committee of Vietnam (PACOM).
POPULATION - FAMILY PLANNING NEWS. 1996 Jan-Jun; (2):8.A project funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and entitled "Improving Quality of Care in Family Planning and Reproductive Health Programmes," identified modest cost approaches to improving quality of care (QOC). After official clearances were received in April, a rapid assessment study began in May / June at the Shamirpet primary health center in Andhra Pradesh, India; in the Eheliyagoda and Kuruwita divisions in Ratnapura, Sri Lanka; and in the Duytien district in Namha province, Viet Nam. ICOMP collaborated with two government agencies, the Family Health Bureau (FHB) in Sri Lanka and the Center for Population Studies and Information (CPSI) in Viet Nam; the collaborating agency in India was the Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI). The study covered prenatal care, immunizations, reproductive health, and family planning. Assessment tools, developed and provided by ICOMP, included guidelines for interviews and group discussions involving contraceptive users and nonusers, men, various kinds of providers and managers, and checklists for observation of services and facilities. A five-day workshop was organized in Kuala Lumpur in July for the three country teams. Based on the results of the rapid assessment study, an action plan was developed by each team, and the baseline research tools were discussed and modified. The Indian team began interventions in October 1995; the Sri Lankan and Vietnamese teams concentrated on completing the action plans and planning for the various interventions during the last quarter.
UNFPA and NCPEP sign new project to strengthen the population and family planning programme -- project VIE/96/PO1, "Projection and Family Planning Benefits and Savings: a Multi-Sectoral Analysis".
POPULATION - FAMILY PLANNING NEWS. 1996 Jan-Jun; (2):4.On April 19, 1996, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), agreed to help fund (US $177,560) a population and family planning project in Viet Nam (VIE/96/PO1) to be implemented by the Centre for Population Studies and Information, of the National Committee for Population and Family Planning Programme (NCPFP), with technical assistance from the Futures Group International, Washington, D.C. The project will focus on capacity building through technical support; in-country and overseas training; workshops for key staff of the NCPFP, the General Statistical Office, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, and the National Economics University; and provision of necessary computer equipment and appropriate software packages. The expected outputs include: 1) to develop the technical capacity of a group of national experts who will be able to use models and data inputs to analyze and evaluate the family planning program; and 2) to help policymakers, planners, and programmers at the central and provincial levels to better acknowledge and appreciate the benefits of the government inputs and efforts in the population and family planning program, especially the savings expected from fertility reduction in other social sectors (health, education). The Vietnamese government will contribute VND 282,600,000 to the project.
In: AIDS in the world II: global dimensions, social roots, and responses. The Global AIDS Policy Coalition, edited by Jonathan M. Mann and Daniel J.M. Tarantola. New York, New York, Oxford University Press, 1996. 369-74.This book chapter discusses the UN response to HIV/AIDS. The chapter opens with a brief sketch of the UN response, starting with the launch of the Global AIDS Strategy under the leadership of the World Health Organization (WHO) and concluding with the new Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) which became operational on January 1, 1996, in response to growing awareness of the necessity to coordinate efforts among agencies and of the social and political complexity posed by the pandemic. The first of two tables presented in the chapter illustrates the policies, programs, structures, and resources as of 1994 for each of the six agencies whose work in this area is now brought under the aegis of UNAIDS (WHO; UN Development Program; World Bank; UN Children's Fund; UN Population Fund; UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). Data are arrayed for each agency's mission, primary clients, comparative advantage, HIV/AIDS strategy, current program structure, current program focus, funding levels, and staffing levels. The second table summarizes the information presented in the first table in a cross-agency analysis. These data point to the coordination challenges and opportunities which will be faced by UNAIDS.
New York, New York, UNFPA, . 60 p. (96/34000/E/3000)This document is the eighth annual report on global population assistance prepared by the UN Population Fund. Data were gathered on the flow of funds from developed countries to developing countries by surveying donor governments and multilateral organizations and agencies, development banks, and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). This report opens by discussing the study methodology and definitions. Highlights of the study are that: 1) the total funds expended by primary donors (primary funds) increased to $873 million from $540 million in 1985 when calculated in constant 1985 dollars; 2) primary funds from 21 developed countries and the European Union totalled $977 million ($463 million from the US, $115 million from Germany, and 96% from a total of 11 countries); 3) population assistance represented 1.65% of the official development assistance in 1994; and 4) final expenditures (54% of which were for family planning programs) totaled $338 in Asia and the Pacific, $252 in sub-Saharan Africa, $190 in Latin America and the Caribbean, $51 million in the Middle East and North Africa; and $18 million in Europe. The report describes the international population assistance network, ways of calculating international population assistance, the overall level of international population assistance, developed country donors, multilateral organizations and agencies, development banks, nongovernmental organizations, recipients, functional categories, and future resource requirements. The appendices contain tables on total dollars and bilateral, multilateral, or NGO channel for each country and each year from 1985 to 1994.
New York, New York, UNFPA, . 74 p.The introduction to the 1995 Annual Report of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) notes that, during the year, the UNFPA operated in 150 countries and represented the largest single source of population assistance. At the request of developing countries, the UNFPA helps to improve reproductive health care, to promote sustainable development, and to provide data on population. The $3.5 billion dispersed since the UNFPA's inception in 1969 has come solely from voluntary contributions from 167 nations. In 1995, 85 nations contributed $313 million. Another aim of the fund is to promote the goals of the Program of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), which seek to expand the availability of education, reduce infant and child mortality, and increase access to reproductive health care, including family planning. This annual report highlights the ways in which the fund exercised its mandate during 1995. Graphs detail UNFPA assistance by major function, by geographical region, by country/intercountry category, and by executing agency. Activities in the core program areas are summarized, as are the ICPD follow-up efforts. Regional reviews are provided for Africa South of the Sahara, the Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean. In addition, interregional and nongovernmental organization programs are described. The report ends with a consideration of the increased future resource requirements needed from donor countries to implement the ICPD Program of Action. Appendices include such 1995 data as an income and expenditures report, a record of government pledges and payments, project allocations, executive board decisions, and resolutions.