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  1. 1
    274920

    Iodized oil during pregnancy. Safe use of iodized oil to prevent iodine deficiency in pregnant women. A statement by the World Health Organization.

    World Health Organization [WHO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1996. [14] p. (WHO/NUT/96.5)

    The risks and expected benefits from iodized oil, given orally or by injection, to pregnant women in areas of severe iodine deficiency where iodized salt is not available were evaluated. The conclusions, which were approved by the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD), showed that for preventing and controlling moderate and severe iodine deficiency, the giving of iodized oil is safe at any time during pregnancy. Maximum protection against endemic cretinism and neonatal hypothyroidism will be achieved when iodized oil is given before conception. The potential benefits greatly outweigh the potential risks in areas of moderate and severe iodine deficiency disorders, where iodized salt is not available and is unlikely to be made available in the short term (1-2 years). (author's)
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  2. 2
    114167
    Peer Reviewed

    Safe use of iodized oil to prevent iodine deficiency in pregnant women. A statement.

    World Health Organization [WHO]

    BULLETIN OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. 1996; 74(1):1-3.

    Salt iodization is the best way to correct iodine deficiency. However, in areas of moderate and severe iodine deficiency where salt iodization is not yet in place, periodic large doses of iodine are frequently administered to all women of childbearing age, orally or by injection, in the form of slowly resorbable iodized oil. The World Health Organization convened a meeting of a group of experts to review and evaluate the results of this practice with regard to its risks and expected benefits. The group determined that it is safe to administer iodized oil at any time during pregnancy to prevent and control moderate and severe iodine deficiency. Maximum protection against endemic cretinism and neonatal hypothyroidism will, however, be achieved when iodized oil is given prior to conception. These conclusions are approved by the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD). The potential benefits greatly outweigh the potential risks in areas of moderate and severe iodine deficiency disorders, where iodized salt is unavailable and unlikely to be made available within one to two years.
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