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[Intrafamily violence from the perspective of international conferences: the role of the United Nations] La violencia intrafamiliar desde la perspectiva de las conferencias internacionales: el papel de las Naciones Unidas.
In: Memorias del Encuentro Continental sobre Violencia Intrafamiliar, [compiled by] United Nations Development Fund for Women [UNIFEM]. Mexico City, Mexico, UNIFEM, 1996. 17-18.The interest and the efforts of the United Nations Organization with regard to the subject of violence and, in particular, intrafamiliar violence has been manifested on very different occasions. The United Nations' Decade for Women (1976-1985) significantly contributed to bring to light the problem of violence against women. Additionally, the issue was debated in 1985 in the Seventh United Nations Conference on Crime Prevention and Treatment of Delinquents. In 1985, the United Nations General Assembly invited the member States to act to prevent violence within the home and suggested measures by which the judicial system could deal with the problem in a just and humanitarian way. (excerpt)
Lancet. 1996 Oct 12; 348(9033):976.In early October 1996, members of the US Congress voted for an omnibus spending bill, to take effect October 1, 1996, that provides $75 million less to population activities than the budget approved by the US Senate earlier in 1996. The budget for population matters is now set at $385 million. The US Congress has blocked any spending for population matters until March 1, 1997, effecting even more damage. It now has unprecedented controls on how USAID spends its money. The US gives less than 0.2% of its gross domestic product to foreign aid. The 1997 population budget equals the cost of one cheeseburger per US citizen. Yet, the US was the largest donor of population funds for many years. The 1993 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) stressed the need to improve reproductive health worldwide. The neediest countries can not afford to improve reproductive health on their own. ICPD identified a need for $5.7 billion annually from the donor community for family planning and reproductive health between 1993 and 2000. The US Congress' action has reduced actual funding to perhaps 20% of that target. People worldwide want smaller families. Women suffer from untreated sexually transmitted diseases and the ever-expanding HIV/AIDS epidemic. The newest cuts in population funds will make the Cairo dream a nightmare of increased expectations and declining resources.
POPULATION HEADLINERS. 1996 May-Jun; (252):2.Dr. Tim Dyson, professor of Population Studies at the London School of Economics, in his book entitled "Population and Food -- Global Trends and Future Prospects," claims the world will be able to feed its rapidly expanding population in 25 years, if fertilizer use doubles and world trade grows rapidly. He bases this conclusion on population, grain trade, and production data from UN sources and on the assumption that the world population is expanding at the rate of 1 billion people every 12 years. His prediction that several world regions will have great difficulty producing enough food to meet the demands of growing populations is more optimistic than that of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN, which believes a world disaster is impending. FAO Director-General Jacques Diouf, while speaking at the opening session of the FAO Asia and the Pacific regional conference at Apia, Samoa, stated that "extremely violent and serious conflict" was possible if food security was not improved. He said that the prime responsibility of the FAO was to alert world opinion and world leaders to the food situation: although world population has grown substantially per capita, arable land continues to diminish; current modes of exploitation are degrading the environment; fishery resources are over-exploited; and the current distribution of food is skewed.