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EARTH TIMES / HURRIYET. 1996 June 12; 13.UNICEF Senior Urban Advisor, Ximena de la Barra, spoke at the conference, "Women and Children in Urban Poverty - What Way Out?," on the need to fight the social and economic circumstances which are conducive to poor health. She also discussed how the promotion of productivity, rather than well-being, often results in the exploitation of the poor, including children. Economic growth within the framework of the current development model is failing to reduce poverty. Rather, society has simply become more polarized. It is inexcusable that half of child mortality in Southeast Asia is due to malnutrition, especially when the US and some European countries block other countries from producing food which could otherwise be consumed abroad by people in need. Countries need to invest in their women and children. Field Director for PLAN International and the President of Dunn Nutrition Group also spoke at the UNICEF workshop.
New York, New York, UNICEF, 1996. , 54 p.This document contains the UN's 1996 assessment that ranks the nations of the world according to their achievements in specific areas of human well-being. The introductory comments by the Executive Director of the UN Children's Fund notes that the ratios between national wealth and social progress are not static and depend upon such factors as history and culture, political stability, the accountability of governments, and the sense of realism and honesty adopted as a country faces its problems. Past successes teach the importance of avoiding complacency in working toward progress in eliminating avoidable human suffering. The six commentaries then cover the major topics of 1) maternal mortality (female genital mutilation), 2) nutrition, 3) health (progress in immunization), 4) education (with data on the number of girls out of school), 5) the Convention on the Rights of the Child (national performance gaps and action to date), and 6) the industrial world (child poverty in rich nations and levels of youth illiteracy, tobacco use, suicide, pregnancy, and injury deaths). The report also includes statistical tables that illustrate 1) social indicators for less populous countries, 2) progress in meeting 1995 goals, 3) statistical profiles, and 4) information on the age of the data.