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  1. 1

    Down to the last drop.


    UNESCO SOURCES. 1996 Nov; (84):1-21.

    The November 1996 issue of the UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization Source journal covers issues concerning governance, bioethics, environment, and education. In addition to its regular letter to the editor, insights, page and screen, and people were presented wherein it paid tribute to the organizer of Black Art Festival, Mr. Leopold Sedar Senghor. Specifically, in the Governance section, it reports the unusual gathering of politicians and political activists to examine the viability of democracy in Latin America. In Bioethics, it tackles the tough decisions arising with new reproductive technologies while the Environment section presents the agenda for the 21st century to save planet Earth. The Education section reports the outcome of the International Conference on Education held in Geneva, which restores teachers to their rightful places in Education. The global water crisis is the main feature of this paper.
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  2. 2

    An international environmental regime for population?: from Bucharest to Cairo.

    Dodgson R; Gray T

    POLITICS. 1996 May; 16(2):95-101.

    The population of 5.7 billion people which now inhabits the earth is slated to increase to about 10 billion by 2050. Serious doubts exist about the capacity of the earth to feed such an ever-expanding population. There has been considerable concern over population as the world's total human population has grown rapidly since 1945. Attempts by the international community to establish a regime to deal with the problem of overpopulation have led to the convening of the Bucharest Conference in 1974, the Mexico City conference in 1984, and the Cairo conference in 1994. However, an international regime has yet to be created. The authors explain the interrelated factors which led to pre-conference consensus and cooperation in each case, including the emergence of a strong/leader state, changes in population policy, and exogenous events. Counterforces responsible for destroying consensus include religious opposition, ideological forces, domestic political forces, and the lack of any real agreement on the nature of the population problem. Any future attempt at solving the population problem must be an integrated and holistic one, in which a leader state plays a key consensus-building and funding role. Any future attempt must also take into account the influence of new forces and the socioeconomic and cultural circumstances of indigenous communities.
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  3. 3

    The urban generation: heirs to the new urban future, youth plan to make their presence felt in Istanbul.

    Howell M; Tollemache M


    UN statistics indicate that youth comprise up to 30% of the world's population. As almost one-third of humanity, youth deserve to actively participate in debates which will influence the future of their world. Accordingly, a large group of youth has been working with the Habitat II Secretariat, governments, and nongovernmental organizations to create channels for youth participation and involvement in Habitat II. Youth can also bring a great deal more to the Habitat process than just sheer numbers, both now and in the future. Their energy, commitment, and ability to do much with few resources can bring vitality to the process of creating and implementing the Habitat Agenda and Global Plan of Action. Youth bring unique perspectives which need to be taken into account. The key youth issues in need of action of Habitat II include sustainable approaches to the environment, including education; children and adolescents living in poverty; the provision of adequate shelter; employment opportunities; and access to resources, especially for rural youth. A lack of access among adolescents to essential resources such as shelter, education, and employment can prevent youth from developing into contributing members of society. Youth participants at the Istanbul conference are expected to make a commitment to taking responsibility for their own development, fostering youth awareness, and becoming involved in the implementation of Habitat II.
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  4. 4

    Population and development linkages: new research priorities after the Cairo and Beijing conferences.

    Sadik N; Bukman P

    The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI], 1996. 23 p. (NIDI Hofstee Lecture Series 13)

    This document contains the text of the 1996 Hofstee Lecture organized by the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute. The 1996 lecture, entitled "Population and Development Linkages: New Research Priorities after the Cairo and Beijing Conferences," was delivered by Nafis Sadik, Executive Director of the UN Population Fund. Dr. Sadik suggested that research is needed to explore 1) the interrelations between population, sustainable development, and the environment and 2) to improve design and implementation of more effective reproductive health programs and solve methodological problems. After sketching the linkages between population and development, her lecture analyzed research needs to clarify the population/development relationship in terms of macroeconomic linkages, population/environment linkages (for rural and for urban environments), microeconomic linkages (such as education, poverty, and unintended poverty), and macro-microeconomic linkages. The next part of her lecture presented sociocultural research and operations research proposals to identify the constraints on full access to reproductive health services and to improve quality of care. Dr. Sadik concluded that results of investigations in the areas of methodological development; conceptual clarification; and substantive, theoretical, and applied research should be consolidated into databases to enhance policy development and measurement of progress in meeting the goals of the world population conferences. In response to this lecture, Dr. Piet Bukman of the Netherlands discussed the problem of achieving food security and the urgent need for an effective population policy that will adopt short-term as well as longterm measures to limit global population growth.
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