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New York, New York, United Nations, 1996. x, 1131 p. (ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R/25)The Demographic Yearbook for 1994 presents comprehensive statistical tables of demography encompassing: population, vital statistics, infant mortality, maternal mortality, mortality, natality, nuptiality, divorce, and economic characteristics for 233 countries throughout the world. The special topic in this 1994 issue focuses on economic characteristics. Data available during 1986-95 include population by sex, population by age and sex, live births by sex, live births by age of the mother and sex of the child, deaths by sex, deaths by age and sex, expectation of life at exact ages by sex, infant deaths by sex, marriages, and divorces. Marriage by age of the groom and the bride is provided for the latest available year. Economic characteristics during 1985-94 include the participation rates of the economically active population by sex, age, and urban/rural residence; inactivity by functional group and sex, age, and urban/rural residence; industry, age, sex, and urban/rural residence for economically active persons; occupation as per industry table; employment or unemployment status by age, sex, and urban/rural residence; employment status and industry, sex, and urban/rural residence; and employment status and occupation, sex, and urban/rural residence. This issue presents special tables on the female economically active population by marital status, age, and urban/rural residence; and the economically active foreign born by occupation, age, and sex.
In: African primary health care in times of economic turbulence, edited by J. Chabot, J.W. Harnmeijer, P.H. Streefland. Amsterdam, Netherlands, Royal Tropical Institute, 1995. 119-48.The authors review and summarize evidence from the recent literature on the current crisis in sub-Saharan Africa's health sector, especially in primary health care. Focus is given to the relationship between crises, the functioning of the health sector, and people's health status. Where possible, linkages are made with the structural adjustment policies (SAP) being pursued in the respective countries. A theoretical framework for the discussion is first presented. Policy options for governments to respond to the health sector crisis and their potential effectiveness are then reviewed in the third section. The last section of the paper presents a discussion of the role which international organizations and donor agencies have played in the health sector in recent years and some of the dilemmas they face.