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    Key issues in family planning, health and family well-being in the 1990s and beyond.

    United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Population Division

    In: Family planning, health and family well-being. Proceedings of the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Family Planning, Health and Family Well-Being, Bangalore, India, 26-30 October 1992, [compiled by] United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1996. 27-58. (ST/ESA/SER.R/131)

    The recommendations and positions taken at the First World Population Conference in Bucharest in 1974, the Second International Conference on Population at Mexico City in 1984, the 1989 Amsterdam Declaration, and the 1992 European Agenda for Action on World Population recognized the right of access to family planning and the issue of continuing gender discrimination. The present background paper provided discussion papers from the Expert Group meeting for the upcoming 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. Section A on fertility and contraceptive practice surveys estimates and projections by the United Nations for 1975-95. Total fertility rates (TFRs) continued to decline in most developing countries. In northern and southern Africa between 1980 and 1990 TFRs fell to about 5.0 per woman. By 1985-90 eastern Asia had a TFR of 2.3 vs. 5.0 in western Asia. In Latin America and the Caribbean the average TFRs ranged from 3.0 to 3.9. Section B examines society and family planning in a political, economic, and sociocultural context relevant to program implementation, with special attention to the status of women. Section C describes the current status of family planning policies and programs in developing regions. Section D surveys family program implementation such as organization and administration with efforts to lower fertility and the social context that shaped it; quality of service and human resource development; adolescent fertility; and community-based delivery and social marketing of contraceptives. Section E deals with family planning and how family planning practice affects the health of mothers and children. The problem of sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS is underscored. Section F examines the consequences of family planning programs for the well-being of children and the family. Section G deals with people's involvement in family planning programs with special attention paid to the role of the community, the government, and nongovernmental organizations. Section H concludes the issues reviewed.
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