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Some lessons from the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS (WHO / GPA) sexual behavior surveys and knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices (KABP) surveys.
In: AIDS in the world II: global dimensions, social roots, and responses. The Global AIDS Policy Coalition, edited by Jonathan M. Mann and Daniel J.M. Tarantola. New York, New York, Oxford University Press, 1996. 140-5.Sexual behavior surveys were conducted during 1980-94 among the general population of specific population groups in 67 countries. 15 of the sexual behavior and knowledge, attitude, behavior, and practices (KABP) surveys conducted during 1989-90 in developing countries were reviewed and summarized by the World Health Organization's Global Program on AIDS. While not all of publishable quality, the studies nonetheless shed light upon HIV/AIDS KABP. For example, while there was considerable awareness of HIV/AIDS during the late 1980s, incorrect beliefs on the modes of HIV transmission were quite prevalent. The large majority of women and 66% of men claimed to be faithful to one regular sex partner, although there was considerable variability among sites. 0-11% of men reported having five or more extramarital sex partners within the preceding 12 months, 20-50% of whom reported not feeling at risk of contracting HIV. The survey data failed to support the assumption that towns and cities are more conducive than rural areas to nonregular sexual relationships. Large variations were identified in the levels of condom awareness and use.