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  1. 1

    FAO yearbook, 1995. Vol. 49. Production. FAO annuaire, 1995. Vol. 49. Production. FAO anuario 1995. Vol 49. Produccion.

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]

    Rome, Italy, FAO, 1996. xxxvii, 235 p. (FAO Statistics Series No. 133)

    This UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Yearbook is a compilation of statistical data on basic agricultural products and related information in all countries and territories of the world. Presented in tabular form, information included in the Yearbook consists of data series on area, yield and production of numerous crops; on livestock numbers and products; and on population, land use, irrigation and farm machinery. Moreover, the Yearbook provides index numbers that highlight trends in food and agricultural production across all countries and continents. The statistical information presented is based primarily on data provided to the Statistics Division of FAO by countries through questionnaires or official statistical publications. In the absence of official data, FAO makes an estimate based on the best information available.
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  2. 2

    [First reflection workshop of the research network "Gender, Reproductive Health and Population Policies (GRHPP), Maghreb region, Amsterdam, July 3-7, 1995. General report] Premier atelier de reflexion du reseau de recherche "Gender, Reproductive Health and Population Policies" (GRHPP), region Maghreb, Amsterdam, du 3 au 7 juillet 1995. Rapport general.

    Reysoo F

    Amsterdam, Netherlands, University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Political and Social-Cultural Sciences, Medical Anthropology Unit, 1996. 12 p.

    This paper reports upon the first workshop of the research network on gender, reproductive health, and population policies in the Maghreb, held in Amsterdam during July 3-7, 1995. The report is comprised of papers by various authors on gender, reproductive health, and population policies in the Maghreb; population policies in Morocco; population policies in Tunisia; population-related debates, including the new concepts introduced by the International Conference on Population and Development; the Rutgers Foundation’s activities with regard to reproduction and sexuality in Holland; the evolution from family planning to an integrated reproductive health approach; discourse on Norplant’s effectiveness; the research network on gender, reproductive health, and population policies in Latin America; identifying relevant research themes in the Maghreb; Internet-based research; a research project; and the decision to submit a project of concerted efforts designed to identify and strengthen research capacity in the countries of the Maghreb. The workshop’s activities are noted in the annex.
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  3. 3

    [Project on the promotion of girls' schooling in a rural environment. Exploratory and regulatory evaluation. Preliminary version] Projet relatif a la promotion de la scolarisation de la fille en milieu rural. Evaluation exploratoire-regulatrice. Version preliminaire.

    Rami A; Raouane M; Allemano E

    [Rabat], Morocco, Ministere de l'Education Nationale, 1996 Jun. 92, [54] p.

    A project to promote the formal education of rural girls was implemented during 1992-96 as part of a cooperative program between the government of Morocco and UNICEF. Destined to extend into 1998, the project aims to increase the net rates of school attendance among rural girls to 50%, 65%, and 80% in 1994, 1995, and 1996, respectively; to keep 80% of rural girls enrolled in school at least throughout the first cycle of basic education; and to promote literacy, especially among young girls and women. To achieve these goals, the project was developed around the 4 following axes: social mobilization to support the formal education of girls in rural areas, improving the supply of and demand for such education, teacher training, and community involvement in developing education programs for rural girls. Results are presented from the evaluation of a sample of 10 of the 17 provinces involved in the project. Results are presented upon the characteristics of surveyed populations, obstacles to educating girls in rural areas, social mobilization, improving the demand for and supply of formal education, teaching training, community involvement, and priority actions to promote the education of girls in rural areas. Recommendations are made before the final section of annexes of reference terms, tables of measures taken, data collection tools, and indicators of enrollment rates in the surveyed provinces.
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  4. 4

    [An action program for children: its municipal and urban dimension] Un programme d'action pour les enfants: sa dimension municipale et urbaine.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 1996. 12 p. (Urban Issue Vol. 22)

    The Mayors, defenders of children movement, launched in Dakar, Senegal, in 1992, made local officials aware of children s needs and the need to respect their rights in cities. International meetings of mayors facilitated the creation of a network of contacts through which local agents could share their concerns and organize development efforts in the interests of urban women and children. Mobilization activities at the international level encouraged the development of pilot development activities at the local level and gave rise to the exchange of early experiences at the regional level. The situation of children is discussed with focus given to areas of intervention, health and nutrition, drinking water and health services, education, children in particularly difficult situations, strategies for the implementation of a program to help children, community participation, the management of financial resources, cooperation with nongovernmental organizations, private sector partnership, urban programs, intergovernmental coordination, the role of women, children s participation, the choice of goals, the exchange of statistical information, the need to take personal responsibility for children, communications, municipal administration, and training.
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  5. 5

    Action Programme 1997-1999. Resolutions and recommendations adopted at the IAW XXX Congress, Calcutta, India, December 1996. Declaration of principle. Programme d'Action 1997-1999 base sur les resolutions et les recommandations adoptees au 30eme Congres Triennal de l'AIF de Calcutta, en Indes, en Decembre 1996. Declaration de principe.

    International Alliance of Women

    [Unpublished] 1996. [4] p.

    This document, which presents the priority action program for 1997-99 of the International Alliance of Women (IAW), opens by affirming the principle that women's rights are human rights and that human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent, and interrelated. The document also calls on all affiliate and associate organizations to monitor fulfillment of the commitment of 189 UN-member states to implementation of the Platform for Action of the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women. Specific priority actions are then described in five areas. First, governments and IAW member organizations are urged to promote the maximum participation of women in political life by supporting women's civil and political rights. Second, governments and the mass media are asked to eradicate illiteracy among women (and promote legal literacy) and overcome the prejudice that bars girls' access to schools. Third, the document notes that poverty disproportionately affects women and requests governments, communities, and member organizations to take specific steps to help women overcome poverty. Next, the document calls for establishment of an International Convention on the Elimination of Violence against Women and Children and identifies steps that should be taken to eradicate trafficking in women and children, domestic violence, and violence in general. Finally, the document calls on governments to protect women's health by taking specific actions, such as implementing reproductive rights, promoting healthy nutrition, and eradicating substance abuse.
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  6. 6

    Directory of hormonal contraceptives 1996. 3rd ed. Repertoire des contraceptifs hormonaux 1996. 3e edition. Guia de anticonceptivos hormonales 1996. 3a edicion.

    Kleinman RL

    London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF], 1996. 102 p. (IPPF Medical Publications)

    The "Directory of Hormonal Contraceptives" lists the composition and manufacturer of all such methods available in the major world countries. By coding all products with the same composition or formula, despite different brand names, the directory enables family planning providers to advise clients as to whether an identical formulation is available in other countries to which they might be relocating. The first and second editions of this directory were very useful to family planning associations, individual physicians, and international organizations. Since publication of the second edition in 1992, many new hormonal products have become available and others have been discontinued. This third edition expands the categories of hormonal contraceptives from the original five to eight: combined pills, phasic pills, progestogen-only pills, progestogen injectables, combined injectables, implants, hormonal IUDs, and emergency contraception. A further change is inclusion of some countries with populations under 100,000 that are members or associate members of IPPF. Finally, products containing more than 50 mcg of estrogen are no longer included since this dose is seldom used.
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  7. 7

    1994 demographic yearbook. 46th ed. 1994 annuaire demographique. 46me ed.

    United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis

    New York, New York, United Nations, 1996. x, 1131 p. (ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R/25)

    The Demographic Yearbook for 1994 presents comprehensive statistical tables of demography encompassing: population, vital statistics, infant mortality, maternal mortality, mortality, natality, nuptiality, divorce, and economic characteristics for 233 countries throughout the world. The special topic in this 1994 issue focuses on economic characteristics. Data available during 1986-95 include population by sex, population by age and sex, live births by sex, live births by age of the mother and sex of the child, deaths by sex, deaths by age and sex, expectation of life at exact ages by sex, infant deaths by sex, marriages, and divorces. Marriage by age of the groom and the bride is provided for the latest available year. Economic characteristics during 1985-94 include the participation rates of the economically active population by sex, age, and urban/rural residence; inactivity by functional group and sex, age, and urban/rural residence; industry, age, sex, and urban/rural residence for economically active persons; occupation as per industry table; employment or unemployment status by age, sex, and urban/rural residence; employment status and industry, sex, and urban/rural residence; and employment status and occupation, sex, and urban/rural residence. This issue presents special tables on the female economically active population by marital status, age, and urban/rural residence; and the economically active foreign born by occupation, age, and sex.
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  8. 8

    [The Population and Development Commission of the United Nations and the legacy of the Cairo conference] La Commission de la Population et du Developpement des Nations Unies et la suite de la conference du Caire.

    Beaujot R

    [Unpublished] 1996. Presented at the Reunions de l'Association des Demographes du Quebec, Montreal, Canada, May 1996. 8 p.

    The author suggests certain manners by which Canadian demographers can participate at the international level in the general process of international cooperation. He specifically discusses the UN Population and Development Commission, the UN Population Division, and the Office of Refugees, Population, and Migration of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Commerce. Observations are first made on the importance of the Office of Refugees, Population, and Migration of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Commerce, followed by discussion of the UN Commission with note made that the issue of population arises on many occasions at the UN. The UN Commission's history, internal changes, the 1996 meeting of the commission, and questions of importance to the commission with regard to international migration are discussed. Demographers can make their potentially useful research findings available to the appropriate parties.
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  9. 9

    HIV and infant feeding: an interim statement. VIH et alimentation du jeune enfant: declaration interimaire.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    WEEKLY EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RECORD. 1996 Sep 27; 71(39):289-91.

    This interim statement contains key elements which should inform the now crucial development of policies on HIV infection and infant feeding. The human rights perspective acknowledges that all women and men have the right to determine the course of their reproductive life and to receive health-protecting information and services. Decisions about the welfare of children should further the best interests of the child. Because most infected children have been infected by their mothers, high priority should be given to policies and programs which seek to reduce the vulnerability of women to HIV infection by improving their status in society. While breast feeding offers substantial health benefits to both mothers and infants, preliminary studies suggest that one-seventh of the children born to and breast fed by infected mothers are at risk of HIV transmission through breast milk. A policy on HIV and infant feeding should 1) support breast feeding, 2) improve access to HIV counseling and testing, 3) ensure that parents have an informed choice about how to feed their infant, and 4) prevent commercial pressures for artificial feeding.
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