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POPULATION. 1991 Aug; 17(8):1.UNFPA's Governing Council has authorized the Fund to spend up to US$201.3 million during 1992 on programs designed to strengthen the Fund's programs and country programs assisted by the Fund. The Council also adopted a resolution in support of the UNFPA 1992-95 intercountry program, as well as regional programs in sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Furthermore, the Council also gave approval to 15 country and sub-regional programs in the following places: Albania, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Congo, Dominican Republic, Honduras, India, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia, and the English-speaking Caribbean sub-region. One of the resolutions adopted by the Council calls for an increase in the number of staff members active in the Fund's field activities. This resolution establishes 7 new posts for international professionals and 90 new regular posts. The Council also called for increased cooperation with other international agencies. Another significant decision, the Council has allocated US$130.3 million (or a sum not to exceed 13.8% of programmable resources) for technical support, administrative, and operational services for 1992-95. The Council praised UNFPA's efforts at promoting awareness of the connections between population, the environment, and development, Moreover, the Council has asked the Fund to help set up contraceptive factories in individual countries for the purpose of containing the spread of AIDS. Finally, the Council discussed funding for the 1994 International Conference on Population.
Dhaka, Bangladesh, ICDDR,B, 1991. , 99 p.This publication reports on the 1990 activities of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B). a non- profit organization that promotes and conducts research, education, training, and clinical service on diarrheal diseased and related subjects. headquartered in Dhaka, ICDDR,B operates through funding from donor nations and international aid organizations. The Center contains 4 scientific divisions: Population Science and Extension, Clinical Services, Community Health, and Laboratory Sciences. In the introductory section of the report, the director of the Center, Dr. Demissie Habte, discusses the Center's efforts to confront budgetary and staffing concerns. During 1990, the Center reduced the number of redundant staff and was able to fill some key positions that had been previously vacant. The Center also succeeded in avoiding a potentially large deficit, partly a result of the streamlining of staff and austerity measures. The director also reports that while research output remained at the same level as in the past few years, some major initiatives in research and service delivery took place, including the introduction of a microcomputer-based health and family planning management information and research system in Matlab. Furthermore, construction on the Matlab Health and Research Center was completed in February 1990. The bulk of the report describes following research: 1) watery and persistent diarrhea, and dysentery research; 2) diarrhea- related research -- urban, population, environmental, and family planning and maternal and child health studies; and 3) health care research. The report also discusses the accomplishments in the areas of support services, training and staff development.
Management information systems in maternal and child health / family planning programs: a multi-country analysis.
STUDIES IN FAMILY PLANNING. 1991 Jan-Feb; 22(1):19-30.Management and information systems (MIS) in maternal and child health were surveyed in 40 developing countries by trained consultants using a diagnostic instrument developed by UNFPA and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). The instrument covered indicators of input (physical infrastructure, personnel, training, finances, equipment, logistics), output (recipients of services, coverage, efficiency), quality, and impact, as well as frequency, timeliness and reliability of information. The consultants visited national and 2 provincial level administrative and service points of public and private agencies. Information on input was often lacking on numbers and locations of populations with access to services. In 15 countries data were lacking on personnel posts filled and training status. Logistics systems for equipment and supplies were inadequate in most areas except Asia, resulting in shortfalls of all types of materials and vehicles coinciding with idle supplies in warehouses. Financial reporting systems were present in only 13 countries. Service outputs were reported in terms of current users in 13 countries, but the proportion of couples covered was unknown in 25 countries. 2 countries had cost-effectiveness figures. Redundant forms duplicated efforts in half of the countries, while data were not broken down at the usable level of analysis for decision-making in most. Few African countries had either manual or computer capacity to handle all needed data. Family planning data especially was not available to draw the total picture. Often information was available too late to be useful, except in Portuguese speaking countries. Even when quality data existed, managers were frequently unaware of it. It is recommended that training and consultancies be provided for managers and that these types of surveys be repeated periodically.