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  1. 1

    [Resolution No.] 1991/92. Work programme in the field of population [26 July 1991].

    United Nations. Economic and Social Council


    This document contains the text of a 1991 UN resolution on the UN's work program in the field of population. After reviewing previous UN action on this issue and stressing the relationship between population and development, the resolution notes with satisfaction the progress made in implementing the population work program to date and makes the following specific requests of the Secretary-General: 1) to continue to give monitoring world population trends and policies high priority; 2) to continue working on specified issues; 3) to give priority to strengthening multilateral technical cooperation in specified areas; and 4) subject to the availability of funds, to study the needs of developing countries for skilled human resources in the field of population. In addition, the resolution reemphasizes the importance of maintaining the population program and strengthening coordination among various UN agencies and departments and among member states and appropriate intergovernmental, nongovernmental, and national organizations.
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  2. 2

    Incorporating women into population and development. Knowing why and knowing how.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, [1991]. 31 p.

    The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) knows the linkages between women's status and execution of sustainable development initiatives. This booklet has taken the next step and explains how to include women in development, especially population initiatives. Women specific projects are 1 primary approach to realize women's participation. They include projects designed to improve their situation (education, skill development, training, or economic activities) or those designed to increase awareness of women's issues among policy makers, the media, and the public. These projects are often successful in motivating women to use family planning services. The 2nd approach involves mainstreaming women into development projects in all work plan categories. This approach provides women opportunities to work with men, to draft policy, and to take part in national development and is pivotal to the long term success of population efforts. One must 1st recognize obstacles to designing projects and programs that include women, however. 1 such obstacle is few discussions with women to learn their perceptions of national priorities and needs. The booklet features how one can be an advocate for maternal-child health/family planning (MCH/FP) and information, education, and communication (IEC) programs, research, policy, planning, special programs (e.g., those that train women in environmental management), and basic data collection and analysis. For example, statistics that prove that demand for family planning services exceed supply of those services allows an advocate to promote MCH/FP programs. UNFPA also recommends a gender impact statement be prepared for all development projects. For IEC programs, it may include questions about specific cultural, legal, financial and time constraints for females in having full access to education and how a project may change these traditional obstacles.
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