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Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, EPI, 1984. 24 p. (Logistics and Cold Chain for Primary Health Care 12; EPI/LOG/84/12)This booklet is a guide for those who already have played the cold chain game, a game for teaching logistics for primary health care, and who want to organize their own game. The cold chain game was developed originally by the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) as a method of teaching people how to distribute vaccine effectively. In this booklet, the game has been adapted to teach how to distribute chloroquine tablets as well as vaccines. The cold chain game is designed for 5-10 people or 11-20 people depending on how it is organized. 2 or 3 supervisors are needed, one to direct the game and the others to assist the participants. The game's purpose is learning. The players learn by discovering the problems of trying to manage a cold chain and solving thse problems by themselves. The players take on the roles of cold chain workers, storekeepers, supervisors and learn the complex nature of these tasks. This booklet describes what the game is designed to teach, how to set up the game, how to run the game, and how to devise one's own cold chain game.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, EPI, 1984 Oct. 12 p. (Logistics and Cold Chain for Primary Health Care 3; EPI/LOG/84/3)This booklet considers 4 important aspects of good distribution of supplies: decide a delivery interval; decide a delivery method; choose the transport; and make a timetable. In a system that works well, supplies never run out, there is never too much of any supply, the expiration date is never passed, the cost of the distribution is as low as possible; and in the case of vaccines, they are kept cold all the time. The design of a good delivery depends on: what storage facilities exist; what transport exists; how many people can be trained in the different skills needed; what volume and weight of supplies need to be delivered; and many other factors that only can be decided locally. It is necessary to estimate the volume and the weight of the supplies required in order to make a decision about the distribution means. There are 2 ways of distributing supplies: collection and delivery. In many places, both methods are used. There are 3 types of transport that may be chosen: public, project vehicle, and hired vehicle. The type of transport is not limited to motor vehicles. Boats, trains, carts, bicycles, and walking may be used. In certain cases, it may be justified to use domestic air service. However the distribution system is planned, it is important to make a timetable so that it will operate regularly and properly. The module includes diagrams and exercises.