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  1. 1

    Report of the evaluation of UNFPA assistance to the National Family Planning and Sex Education Programme of Costa Rica.

    Demographic Association of Costa Rica

    [Unpublished] 1980 Mar. 89 p.

    This report of the evaluation of UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) assistance to Costa Rica's National Family Planning and Sex Education Program covers the following: 1) project dimension and purpose of the evaluation, scope and methodology of the evaluation, composition of the mission, and constraints; 2) background information; 3) 1974-77 family planning/sex education program (overview, immediate objectives, strategy, activities and targets, and institutional framework); 4) planned and actual inputs and rephasing in 1978-79; 5) family planning activities (physical facilities and types of services provided, recruitment of new users, continuation of users within the program, distribution of contraceptive supplies, sterilizations, and indicators of program impact); 6) training and supervision; 7) education, information, and communication (formal and nonformal education, educational activities in the clinics, and the impact of the nonformal educational program); 8) maternal and child health (maternal health indicators, cytological examinations, and infant mortality); 9) program evaluation and research; 10) population policy; 11) program administration; 12) some general conclusions regarding the performance of the program; and 13) the program beyond 1979. UNFPA evaluations are independent, in depth analyses, prepared and conducted by the Office of Evaluation, usually with the assistance of outside consultants. The process of analysis used in the evaluation follows a logical progression, i.e., that which underlines the original program design. Evaluation assessment includes an analysis of inputs and outputs, an investigation of the interrelationship among activities, an indication of the effectiveness of activities in achieving the objectives, and an assessment of duplication of activities or lack of coverage and the effect of this on realization of the objectives. The program was able to expand the coverage of family planning activities but has been unsuccessful in having a population policy established. The number of hospitals, health centers, and rural health posts providing family planning services was tripled in the 1974-77 period. The program could not achieve its targets in number of new users, and it recruited in 1977, only 11% of the total population of the country, against the 20% planned. It has been estimated that between 1973-77 around 231,200 births or 44.4% of those possible had been averted. Training and supervision has been a weak area of the program. A large number of professors have been trained in sex education, but no evaluation has been undertaken of the likely impact of this trained staff at the school level. The information, education, and communication (IEC) program has been successful in taking information and education to the population on family planning/sex education concerns but less successful in motivating the political groups to formulate a population policy.
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  2. 2

    Revised project request: In-school Population and Family Life Education.

    Yemen. People's Democratic Republic of

    [Unpublished] [1980]. 10 p. (UNFPA Project no. PDY-79-P07)

    The objectives of the In-School Population and Family Life Education Project of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen include the following: to launch a comprehensive population and family life education program to help in speeding population awareness and understanding of the country's demographic situation; to introduce population education into the new curricula at different levels of the school system; to introduce population and family life education into the preservice and inservice teacher training curricula of the higher college of education; to produce 2 university level reference books; to develop resource materials of audiovisual aids for training of key personnel; to prepare special training programs for pioneer teachers and other selected teachers to enable them to train inservice teachers and to produce instructional materials; to train approximately 1000 unity school level teachers and 160 pioneer teachers and 40 audiovisual pioneers in 4 years; to train approximately 1500 preservice teachers and 600 inservice teachers at the higher college of education; and to reinforce the research activities in the Education Research Center in the field of population and family life. The project is under the Ministry of Education's Educational Research Center (ERC) with the General Director of ERC as its national director and the Deputy Director of ERC as national coordinator. The activities of this school project include: curriculum development in university, secondary, and primary schools; production of textbooks, reference books, and audiovisual teaching aids for teachers and students at different levels; and a teacher training program. Teacher training in the regular preservice and inservice teachers training courses in the Higher College of Education will take place over the September 1981 through June 1984 period. The training of 160 pioneer teachers will occur through special courses held during March/April of 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984. The training of 1000 selected teachers in the Ministry of Education training centers will take place during July/August 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984. The government contribution for this project is $273,440. The contribution of the UN Fund for Population Activities is $82,484 for 1980 and $198,858 for 1981. The approximate starting date of the project is October 1980, and the approximate date of completion is 1984.
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  3. 3

    People's Republic of China. Population education in the secondary schools and the teacher training of the People's Republic of China. Education project summary.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    [Unpublished] [1980]. 3 p. (UNFPA Project No CPR-80-P14)

    This paper outlines the short and long term objectives of a population education project in China, entitled, "Population Education in the Secondary Schools and the Teacher Training of the People's Republic of China." The project is planned for 1980-82 under the administration of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities and Unesco. Costs are projected at $500,000 plus 1,349,500 Yuan. Short term objectives include: 1) revising the curriculum of middle schools with the aim of integrating population education, 2) revising existing materials in population education, 3) developing competencies in teaching population education among 8000 middle school teachers through 10 in-service training pedagogical institutes, 4) equipping 10 institutes and 10 middle schools with audiovisual facilities, books, and reference materials, 5) equipping the Compilation Department of the Educational Publishing House with books and audiovisual aids, and 6) assessing the performance of the project and the impact of population education on teachers and students. The long term objective is to contribute to the overall government government population policy objectives of reducing the rate of population growth from 12/1000 to 5/1000 by 1985, and to achieve zero population growth by year 2000.
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  4. 4

    Program report [of the Central America regional seminar-workshop entitled] New Focuses of Family Planning Program Administration: Analysis of Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys and Other Program Data, [held in] Antigua, Guatemala, May 25-30, 1980.

    Centre for Population Activities [CEFPA]

    [Washington, D.C., CEFPA, 1980.] 30 p. (Contract AID/pha-c-1187)

    This report 1) presents a summary of the planning process of the seminar-workshop in family planning held in Antigua, Guatemala from May 25-30, 1980; 2) reviews program content and training methodology; and 3) provides feedback on the evaluation of the program and in-country follow-up responses to the workshop. Negotiations were made between the Centre for Population Activities (CEFPA) officials, USAID (U.S. Agency for International Development) population/health officials, and family planning officials from each participating country to elicit program suggestions and support. The ensuing communication process facilitated the development of the program in many ways, including: 1) program design, which incorporated in-country family planning program needs, suggested workshop topics, and country-specific requests for workshop objective; 2) participant selection; and 3) USAID mission commitment. The workshop aimed to provide an opportunity for leaders of family planning and related programs to make an intelligent and effective use of data available to them. The training methodology consisted of structured small-group exercises. Program content included: 1) contraceptive prevalence survey case exercise, which aims to identify problem areas and need in the delivery of family planning and maternal child health services as a tool in assessing progress towards family planning goals; 2) other data sources available to family planning program managers, including World Fertility Survey data and program service statistics; 3) program alternatives in the form of mini-workshops on such topics as logistics management, improving clinic efficiency, primary health and family planning, adolescent fertility, and voluntary sterilization; and 4) program planning, which enables participants to interpret data and apply them in the planning process. In evaluating the workshop, a majority of the participants reported that the workshop and their own personal objectives were either completely or almost completely achieved, and they also indicated that more workshops at the regional and national levels should be conducted.
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  5. 5

    Population education in agriculture. [Abstract-Bibliography]

    UNESCO. Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania. Population Education Clearing House

    In: UNESCO. Regional Office for Asia and Oceania. Population Education Clearing House. Population education as integrated into development programs: a non-formal approach. Bangkok, Thailand, UNESCO Regional Office for Asia and Oceania, 1980. 1-8. (Series 1, Pt. 2)

    The abstracts of reports of workshops and meetings presented here reveal the collective efforts of the Food and Agriculture Organization and country organizations in motivating and mobilizing the agricultural sector into integrating population education in its various out-of-school activities, namely, curriculum development, training programs, action-oriented research, and instructional materials development. Enumerated are the various channels used in disseminating population education concepts to reach its various audiences such as cooperatives, small farmer program, inservice staff training, curricula of rural development training institutes, farm and home management courses, vocational courses and others. Along with descriptions of the workshops and conference proceedings, the reports include curriculum materials, syllabi and training courses developed during the workshops.
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  6. 6

    Regional population communication unit for Africa. [Activities, 1974-1979].

    UNESCO. Regional Office for Education in Africa. Regional Population Communication Unit for Africa

    [Unpublished] [1980]. [49] p. (XA/01472/00)

    The Regional Population Communication Unit for Africa, operational in Nairobi, Kenya in September 1974, and a sub-unit operational since 1977 in Dakar, Senegal, work closely with the population education office in Dakar and with other international, regional, and subregional organizations which are active in population, family planning research, rural development, women, youth, and educational matters. In the years ahead, the Regional Unit will concentrate its efforts on assisting individual member states in addition to activities at regional or subregional levels, which are considered by member states to have a multiplier effect. The Unit's main objectives include: to assist national governments in the development of their communication plans, policies, and projects in support of their population/family planning and overall development programs; to work out with regional and international organizations or agencies a practical and effective system of coordinating communication and education activities in support of population and development communication programs at the national, subregional, and regional levels; to develop regional and national institutions for training, research, and development of appropriate communication materials; and to establish a population communication clearinghouse to serve as an exchange center for population and development communication programs in the region. The immediate objectives are to assist member states in their quest for self sufficiency in the training and development of manpower in the field of population; to provide member states with technical support in the development of their population activities; to promote the exchange of information, experience, materials, and know-how in the region; to develop and evaluate innovative communication approaches, which could improve the performance of national programs; to develop, pretest, produce, and evaluate a variety of prototype educational materials for use at the national level; and to improve the capacity of the Regional Population Communication Unit to assist in providing advisory services to national governments. The Unit's program of activities concentrates on 4 areas at both national and regional levels -- training, research and studies, media development, and technical assistance and advisory services. The activities of the Unit are geared to provide support for existing projects and programs, study tours, regional specialized workshops, and seminars and participation in the training seminars and workshops. Training programs provided by the Unit include seminars, workshops, and conference on development support communication. The training strategy emphasizes training as a continuing activity.
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  7. 7

    Meeting information needs for population education: using materials for population education, Booklet 1. Trial edition.

    UNESCO. Population Education Programme Service

    Bangkok, Thailand, Unesco, Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania, 1980. 95 p.

    This booklet is the outcome of month-long internship programs for population education documentation and materials service, organized in July and November 1978 by the Unesco Population Education Service with UNFPA assistance. The purpose was to enhance information activities in the field of population education, and to respond to the growing need for population education information in Asia and Oceania. Meant for persons whose work relates to population education, it deals with some basic techniques of using and processing population education materials. The focus of the booklet is on activities that usually lie within the domain of librarians, documentalists and information officers, which nevertheless are useful to others involved in this field; for example staff of population education programs are frequently required to respond to requests for information. The 3 learning modules contained here are: 1) Assessing the quality of population education materials; 2) Literature searches, bibliographies and request for materials; and 3) Writing abstracts for population education materials. Each module contains a set of objectives, pre-assessment questions, activities and post-test activities. This booklet has a sequel, Booklet 2, which deals with other areas of population education information.
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  8. 8

    Meeting information needs for population education: information services for population education, Booklet 2. Trial edition.

    UNESCO. Population Education Programme Service

    Bangkok, Thailand, Unesco, Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania, 1980. 96 p.

    This booklet is the outcome of month-long internship programs for population education documentation and materials services, organized in July and November 1978 by the Unesco Population Education programme Service with UNFPA assistance. The purpose was to enhance information activities in the field of population education, and to respond to the growing need for population education information in Asia and Oceania. Meant for persons whose work relates to population education, it focuses on the wide range of supplementary information activities that are provided to promote the success of the program. The supplementary activities include preparation of a newsletter and the distribution of background information to key leaders. The booklet contains 5 learning modules. The 1st module deals with the processing or transformation of materials, the 2nd examines more sophisticated materials services such as the selective dissemination of information and production of packages as well as basic survey technics, the 3rd examines methods of popularizing population education programs, the 4th analyses the nature and potential of networks as distribution and communication channels, and the 5th touches upon the evaluation of an information program and development of training workshops or materials for these programs. Each module contains a set of objectives, pre-assessment questions, activities and post-test activities. The preceding booklet, Booklet 1, covers other areas of population education.
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  9. 9

    Women, population and development, statement made at the World Conference of the United Nations Decade for Women: equality, development and peace, Copenhagen, Denmark, 15 July 1980.

    Salas RM

    New York, N.Y., UNFPA, [1980]. 5 p. (Speech Series No. 56)

    The World Population Plan of Action adopted in Bucharest in 1974 and the World Plan of Action adopted at the Mexico Conference in 1975 had one common goal--the full integration of women in the development process. Women today play a limited role in many national communities. If this role is to be strengthened and expanded, it will be necessary to focus on eliminating discrimination and removing obstacles to their education, training, employment and career advancement. Within this framework, UNFPA has given support to projects in 5 specific areas: 1) education and training in health, nutrition, child care, family planning, and vocational skills; 2) increasing participation of rural women in planning, decision-making and implementation at the community level; 3) income generating activities, such as marketing, social service occupations, and in the legal, educational and political systems; 4) educating women about their social and legal rights; and 5) widening women's access to communication networks. Between 1969 and 1979, approximately US$22 million was provided by UNFPA to projects dealing with the status of women. Projects in areas such as nutrition, maternal and child health services and family planning received more than US$312 million, which constitutes more than 50% of the total UNFPA programs.
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  10. 10

    Conventional health care systems and meeting the essential needs of underserved population groups in developing countries.

    Rifka G

    In: American University of Beirut. Faculty of Health Sciences. Human resources for primary health care in the Middle East. Beirut, Lebanon, American University of Beirut, 1980. 5-12.

    Although health is now recognized as a human right, it is questionable whether the right to health is a reality for all people. Many rural and peri-urban areas of developing countries lack any system of organized health care. Only a small proportion of rural communities have access to safe and adequate water supplies, and millions of persons are undernourished. Communicable diseases are widely prevalent, and poor housing conditions exist in many areas. Conventional health services have failed to meet the needs of the underserved populations in rural and peri-urban areas for the following reasons: total coverage of the population has not been provided; the gap in health status between the urban and rural populations has not been closed; ways and means for the participation of the community served has not been provided because the responsibility of the community for its own health care has been ignored; services provided are not relevant to the priority health problems of the majority but are oriented toward the provision of sophisticated care for the minority; the model of health care has usually been copied from developed countries where health problems, population age structure, and resources are totally different; and health workers are not trained to meet priority health needs, nor are they trained in the setting in which the majority are expected to work, i.e., the rural areas and health centers. Faced with the challenge, governments have recognized the need to develop a new approach to improve the state of the health of their people, as revealed by the series of resolutions adopted by the World Health Assembly and by Regional Committees, which are the governing bodies of the World Health Organization (WHO). The alternative approach hopefully will serve as an important mechanism for realizing the main social goal of "health for all by the year 2000," as projected by WHO. The strategy of primary health care (PHC) has been gaining wider recognition in the region and shows particular promise for the extension of health coverage to larger groups of the rural population. PHC has been defined as a "simplified, though essential, health care which is accessible, acceptable and affordable." A more detailed definition was outlined in the "Declaration of Alma-Ata," which was adopted by 140 governments participating in the International Conference on Primary Health Care held during September 1978. A number of countries have begun to train primary health workers who have completed elementary or intermediate general education, followed by a few months of health training. Further and more effective use of traditional health workers is being explored in several countries. In some countries primary care is delivered by health professionals. WHO is collaborating with countries in the planning, formulation, implementation, and evaluation of PHC programs.
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  11. 11

    Planning for the future with people: programmes for better family living.

    Harrison C

    [Rome], Food and Agriculture Organisation, [1980]. 29 p.

    In this booklet devoted to Kenya, information is presented on the following: the country, its people and development; the demand on services and resources; government population policy and action; the long range objectives of the Programs for Better Family Living (PBFL); activities of the PBFL in Kenya; the Kenya National Family Planning Program over the 1974-79 period; and some background on the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA). Improving the well being of the population and promoting the welfare of the individual calls for effective utilization of Kenya's natural resources. One of the most effective ways of achieving this is to help families and communities to make better use of existing resources and generate new resources. Since independence in 1963, the government and people have made considerable progress, demonstrated by rising living standards and an expanding economy. Yet, the plans for continued economic growth can be disrupted by a high rate of population growth. In 1973, Kenya's population was estimated at 12.5 million. The rate of population growth was 3.5%, 1 of the highest growth rates in the world. Such population growth creates problems in the areas of health, education, urbanization, employment, and investment and income growth. Recognizing the implications of Kenya's high population growth, in 1966 the government declared that it would pursue policies aimed at reducing the population growth rate through voluntary means. A program of education and motivation in regard to population and family planning was initiated, and family planning services were provided. Education and motivation about family size has been provided within the context of Kenya's maternal and child services. The program emphasizes the benefits in the health of mother and child that accrue from child spacing. The long range objectives of the PBFL are to help raise the level of rural welfare by educating families and communities through fostering an understanding of the relationship between family size and family and community welfare at all levels and improving the coordination of activities at all levels betwen those servicing ministries and nongovernmental organizations. The plan of the family planning program aims at recruiting about 640,000 new family planning acceptors over the 1974-79 period, with the goal of averting some 150,000 births and reducing Kenya's population growth rate to 3.25% by 1978-79.
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  12. 12

    Recommendation by the Executive Director [of UNFPA] on assistance to the government of China's comprehensive population programme. Agenda item 7 aii, 27th session, Governing Council.

    United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]

    New York, UN, 1980 May 14. 11 p. (DP/FPA/11/Add.22)

    The United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) proposes to fund a 4-year program with $50 million to assist the government of China in implementing its population policies. The contribution of the UNFPA will support the 1st census to be taken since 1964. In addition it will provide assistance in the following areas: demographic training and research; maternal and child health and family planning service delivery and research; training of maternal and child health and family planning personnel; family planning service statistics and program evaluation; human reproduction and contraceptive research; contraceptive production; and population information and education. The program will emphasize the introduction of new technologies and advanced equipment which is not currently available in China, the improvement of technical training and research, and institutional development. The UNFPA intends to seek additional funds for assistance to China through multibilateral resources in order to support the establishment of an Institute of Developmental Biology. The government of China has succeeded in limiting the rate of population growth from 2.34% in 1971 to 1.2% in 1978, but an imbalance remains in the rate of population growth and that of the national economy. The government has long encouraged family planning with the objective of limiting fertility. Increased action has been taken recently to speed up the implementation of the country's population policies. The government has adopted the goal of lowering the population growth rate to under 1% by 1980, to approximately 0.5% by 1985, and to zero population growth by the year 2000. China's family planning policy promotes the following 4 principles: late marriage and childbirth; child spacing; small families; and better health for the entire country. The UNFPA proposes setting aside a program reserve of $6,536,943 to meet other needs that may become apparent as program implementation progresses.
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  13. 13

    Sixth report on the world health situation. Pt. 2. Review by country and area.

    World Health Organization [WHO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1980. 412 p.

    This report on the world health situation comes in 2 volumes, and this, the 2nd volume, reviews the health situation by country and area, with the additions and amendments submitted by the governments, and an addendum for later submissions. Information is presented for countries in the African Region, the Region of the Americas; the Southeast Asia Region, the European Region, the Eastern Mediterranean Region, and the Western Pacific Region. The information provided includes the following areas: the primary health problems, health policy; health legislation; health planning and programming; the organization of health services; biomedical and health services research; education and training of health manpower; health establishments; estimates of the main categories of health manpower; the production and sale of pharmaceuticals; health expenditures; appraisal of health services; demographic and health data; major public health problems; training establishments; actions taken; preventive medicine; and public health.
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  14. 14

    Population education in Bank's population and education projects: present status and possibilities.

    Mehta TS

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, 1980 Aug. 40 p.

    This report is on the current status of the population education component of the World Bank's population and education projects. Projects are outlined for several countries in several regions of the world: East Asia (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand), East Africa (Lesotho, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya), West Africa (Liberia, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Mali, Mauritania, Togo, Zambia, and others), EMENA region (Egypt, Yemen, Syria, Afghanistan), and Latin America (Haiti, El Salvador, Trinidad, and others). For each project several topics are outlined: objectives, progress-to-date, teacher training, instructional materials, evaluation and research, national seminars, women's development, and future directions of the program. General observations and suggestions are that: 1) World Bank staff are now better aware of the relevance of population education, 2) incorporation of population education elements into curricula and training materials are clearly outlined, 3) technical assistance seems to be necessary to help the regions develop population education components, 4) an integration approach is the most viable alternative for introducing population education into curricula, 5) program planning for population education should be institutionalized, 6) short regional seminars are useful to discuss practical matters about the development and implementation of population education programs, 7) a specialist staff should be established in the World Bank, and 8) review of population education projects is necessary.
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  15. 15

    Nepal. Population education programme. Population education project summary.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    [Unpublished] [1980]. 7 p. (UNFPA Project No NEP-80-P08)

    The population education program in Nepal is summarized. The contribution of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) to the project is $544,130 for 1980-1983 and $112,070 for 1984 and 1985. The revised government contribution is $91,558 for 1980, $232,447 for 1981, $126,965 for 1982, and $103,160 for 1983. The long-term project objective is to gear the entire educational system, both formal and nonformal, to the realization of the potential role of education in the country's developmental efforts and the interrelationships between the population situation and different aspects of the quality of life at the micro and macro levels. In the short-term, the objectives are as follows: to develop in the target audience an insight into the interrelationships between population growth and the process of social and economic development at the individual, family, society, national, and international levels; to develop desirable attitudes and behaviors toward population issues; and to institutionalize population education in the formal education system. The Ministry of Education will have the overall responsibility for the implementation of the population education program, which will be implemented by 3 organizations--Curriculum, Textbook, Supervision Development Center; Tribhuvan University Institute of Education and Curriculum Development Center; and Division of Adult Education of the Ministry of Education. 7750 middle and secondary school teachers are to receive in-service training, and 3470 seminars are targeted with key education officials at national and regional levels. The in-service training approaches are both face-to-face and radio programs.
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  16. 16

    Bangladesh. Population education for the formal education system. Population education project summary.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    [Unpublished] [1980]. 7 p. (UNFPA Project No BGD/80/P01)

    Attention in this summary of the population education project in Bangladesh is on the following: funding (United Nations Fund for Population Activities contribution, government contribution, and technical assistance); objectives; institutional framework; linkages with other projects; training; orientation; pattern of in-service training for teachers; materials development; research; evaluation; and future directions. The original UNFPA contribution to the project was U.S.$2,688,220; the government contribution was TK 8,482,700. The longterm objectives included making population control and the family planning program an integral part of total social mobilization and national development. By means of the population education program in the schools, an attempt will be made to produce informed and socially responsible citizens so that their behavior pattern conforms to rational decisions toward population issues in their personal, family, community, and social life. The population education program will be implemented by the Department of Population Education attached to the Ministry of Education. Those who have received in-service training include 50,000 teachers at the primary school levels, 15,750 teachers at the secondary school level, and 1000 teachers at the university level. A face-to-face approach is used in the in-service training. Teachers to be trained include those from the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels as well as teachers of Madrasahs, vocational, commercial, and technical institutions. Accomplishments achieved under the 1st project, completed in June 1980, include the following: development of curricula for grades 4-12; population education introduced in new textbooks of grades 4-5; and training of about 45% of primary school teachers and 28% of secondary school teachers.
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  17. 17

    Report of the WHO preparatory mission on primary health care to the People's Republic of China 29 March-13 April 1980.

    Mercado R; Flahault D; Rossi-Espagnet A; Behar M; Chang WP

    [Manila, Philippines], World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 1980 May 28. 37 p. (WP/PHC/H11/61/4)

    The objectives of the World Health Organization (WHO) preparatory mission on primary health care to the People's Republic of China were the following: to review the preparations for the forthcoming training courses in primary health care to be conducted in Yexian, Jiading, and Conghua, and to make appropriate recommendations; and to discuss the possibility of establishing collaborative centers in primary health care and, if necessary, their program and needs. The mission visited the 3 counties, reviewed the preparations, visitied and reviewed the activities of the different health facilities at county, commune, and brigade level. At the end of each visit to a county, a discussion was held that was attended by all the key staff involved in the training course. Preparations for the 3 courses are well underway. Focal groups responsible for the course and teaching staff have been identified in the 3 counties. There is total and serious involvement in the preparations, and facilities are being constructed and improved. A review of the course plan and content revealed some oversight with regard to subjects to be added or emphasized. The staff requested advice on teaching methods. The dates for the course have been decided. The course will last 2 weeks, and the participants would be staff concerned with health administration or the primary teaching of primary health care. Recommendations are reviewed in regard to course content and to overcome problems of communication. Six annexes include the following: places visited and persons met; mailing list; a note for information on project equipment; suggested objectives of the course; terms of reference of the WHO consultant; and collaborative centers on primary health care and possible topics for research and development.
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  18. 18

    Family fertility education learning package: WHO Project 77908.

    Clarke WD

    [Unpublished] 1980. Presented at the 2nd International Conference of the International Federation of Family Life Promotion, Navan, Ireland, September 24-October 1, 1980. 21 p.

    Focus in this discussion is on improving the service delivery of natural family planning (NFP) methods. In response to requests from several family planning organizations interested in methods based on periodic abstinence, the World Health Organization (WHO) became involved in evaluating and improving the educational aspects of these methods. The educational component of such methods was viewed from the start as playing a more important role than in other family planning methods. The Task Force identified its purpose in the improvement of service delivery of NFP methods as the development, field testing, and evaluation of educational materials (the FFELP), which would form the core of a standardized curriculum for instructing NFP teachers and user-couples in the use of the ovulation method and the sympto-thermal method. The intention was that the educational materials developed would be for use by nonphysicians ranging from nurses to lay members of the community who are interested in becoming NFP instructors. In December 1975 a consultation of NFP teaching experts and staff members of the WHO Human Reproduction Unit and the Educational Communication Systems Unit took place in Geneva. Their purpose was to plan the development of the learning package. The Learning Package consisted of a guide to teaching, or educational handbook, and four NFP method manuals (fertility awareness, sexuality and responsibility, ovulation method, and sympto-thermal method) each with its own visual aids and progress monitors as well as a glossary and a compendium of goals and objectives. The campaign plan is reviewed. It included the following: organization of the project; selection of test countries and sites and allocation of methods to those sites; selection and training of personnel, trainee teachers, and user couples; evaluation procedures; and site visits by the project director. A description of the learning package is included.
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  19. 19

    Consultation of regional coordinators of the Features Services on Women and Population, Paris, March 31-April 3, 1980.


    Paris, UNESCO, 1980 Apr 18. 49 p. (SS.80/WS.10)

    UNESCO/UNFPA jointly sponsor studies and programs aimed at the development of women's participation in economic and social processes and improvement of women's status in general. In conjunction with this program, a Features Services on Women and Population was organized in 1978 to increase the flow of news and information on women in the developing world. There are regional Features Services branches in Africa, Latin America, and Asia. The Arab countries have been asked to form a branch. At a conference of regional coordinators for the Services, it became evident that, although some of the experiences were common, individual services faced somwhat different problems reflective of the different stages of development each had reached. Certain common difficulties are: 1) a lack of qualified women to write the features; 2) a diversity of languages in the service region; and 3) government censorship. The level of professionalism among women in many of these areas hampers the news services. In addition, women seem hesitant to broach controversial topics. It is also feared that certain of the women writers are using women's issues to further their own careers. It is assumed that the main audience for these articles will be women.
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  20. 20

    Working Group on Adolescent Fertility Management, Manila, Philippines, October 13-17, 1980. Final report.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for the Western Pacific

    Manila, Philippines, WHO Regional Office of the Western Pacific, 1980 Dec. 42 p.

    The objectives of the Working Group on Adolescent Fertility Management, meeting in Manila during October 1980 under the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for the Western Pacific, were the following: to review the current situation in the Region with regard to adolescent pregnancies, use of contraception on the part of adolescents, and the services available; 2) to identify the biological, social and psychological aspects of adolescent fertility management; and 3) to recommend appropriate approaches and programs in relation to the problems created by adolescent pregnancies. For working purposes, it was decided that adolescence covered the age period 10-19 years. The country-specific information provided by participants representing 11 countries regarding the size and the nature of the problems related to adolescent sexuality and fertility are summarized. In discussing the possible preventive approaches and programmatic solutions to the problems related to adolescent sexuality and fertility, the Working Group identified the following gaps and problems: 1) a significant lack of relevant and country-specific data regarding the adolescent population and their current sexual and reproductive behavior; 2) a lack of awareness by responsible government bodies of the increasing problem and of commitment to seek appropriate solutions; 3) a lack of knowledge about health and health-related issues of the adolescent development period; and 4) a lack of appropriate and acceptable services regarding fertility management for adolescents. Education and information constitute a major need in the area of adolescent sexuality and fertility.
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  21. 21

    Technical cooperation activities in population of the Department of Technical Cooperation for Development, 1979-80: report of the Secretary-General.

    United Nations. Economic and Social Council. Population Commission

    New York, UN, 1980 Nov 25. 22 p. (E/CN.9/350)

    Presented in this document is an account of the activities carried out by the Population Programs and Project Branch Division of Development Administration of the Department of Technical Cooperation for Development in the field of technical cooperation in population during the July 1978 to June 30, 1980 period. Focus is on the 3 subprograms which make up the core of these activities: 1) support for training in demography and population; 2) support for basic population/demographic data evaluation and analysis; and 3) support for population policy and development planning. Attention is also directed to support to new dimension activities, such as projects on women's participation and role in population and development. These activities are carried out with the financial support of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA). This program required much substantive and technical support and monitoring by United Nations Headquarters staff of about 100 to 120 projects annually in nearly 80 countries. The Population Programs and Project Branch Division continued to exercise its primary responsibilities with respect to technical cooperation in population by assisting governments in determining needs, by appraising project proposals and providing technical guidance in the formulation of projects, and by monitoring the implementation of projects. During the 2-year period under review, the United Nations continued to support extensive training in population activities.
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