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London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, June, 1980. 38 p. (Overseas Development Paper; No. 21)Recent trends in world population growth and in governments' attitudes towards population and development are generally discussed. A historical perspective of the British Ministry of Overseas Development (ODA) involvement in population activities is given. Support began in the 1960s and ODA's Population Bureau was established in 1968 to function in an advisory capacity, promote training and research in issues related to population. The scope of the Bureau's work has broadened from clinical aspects of family planning to include demographic, social and economic factors related to population. ODA's assistance for population is outlined. Details of ODA's support of the following types of programs are given: 1) multilateral; 2) bilateral (including data collection and analysis, regional demographic training, formulation of population policies and programs, maternal and child health/family planning, and communications and education); 3) institutional support; 4) voluntary agencies; 5) research. Meetings attended by members of the Population Bureau in 1977-1979 are listed. ODA expenditure on population activities in 1977, 1978 and 1979 are listed by country or institution.
In: Schima ME, Lubell I, eds. Voluntary sterilization: a decade of achievement: proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Voluntary Sterilization, May 7-10, 1979, Seoul, Korea. New York, Association for Voluntary Sterilization, 1980. 76-7.The 22 participants in this task force, all senior government officials and ministers, recommended that efforts be made to repeal laws declaring sterilization illegal. Where no law proscribes sterilization it should be assumed that surgical contraception can be a component of family planning programs. Legal restrictions on eligibility for voluntary sterilization should also be lifted. The medical establishment and health professionals were viewed as vital to acceptance of voluntary sterilization by government decision makers. It was recommended that all governments be encouraged to establish national family planning programs with sterilization as a key component, and that recruitment and training be given top priority, preceding or occurring simultaneously with establishment and equipping of facilities. Training should take place within the country. Data collection, evaluation and management information systems were viewed as integral parts of all voluntary sterilization programs. Nongovernmental agencies were seen as initiators and catalysts that prompt governments to incorporate voluntary sterilization services in their family planning programs. Revision of the policies of international donors was recommended, to encourage rather than hamper the development and implementation of voluntary sterilization services.
In: Jelliffe DB, Jelliffe EF, Sai FT, et al., ed. Lactation, fertility and the working woman. London, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1979. 39-44.Conventions drafted by the ILO to be submitted to governments of member states concerning maternity protection (maternity leave, health care, the right to resume employment) and provisions for working women to nurse their infants (facilities, paid breaks) are discussed. The number of states ratifying the conventions is reported, and various degrees and sources of protection and provision are described. Arrangements for maternity protection and nursing range from full coverage at community expense (social security), to special agreements made individually with employers, to very little support of any kind. The author deems matters concerning maternity protection and breastfeeding to be important for society as a whole as well as for working mothers and their children.