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  1. 1

    Further thoughts on the definitions of economic activity and employment status

    Blacker JGC

    Population Bulletin of the Economic Commission for Western Asia. 1980; (19):69-80.

    The author cites problems in the definitions of different categories of economic activity and employment status which have been made by the UN. The term "casual workers" has never been clarified and these people were described as both employed and unemployed on different occasions; there is also no allowance for the term underemployed in the UN classification. The latter term, he concludes, is not included in most censuses. The UN in its Principles and Recommendations for Population Censuses, discusses sex-based stereotypes which he states are based on a set of conventions that are arbitrary, irrational, and complex. However on the basis of the UN rules it is possible to divide the population into 3 categories: 1) those who are economically active (black), 2) those who are not active (white), and 3) those whose classification is in doubt (gray). In developed countries most people are either in the black or the white area and the amount in the gray area is small, but in developing countries the gray area may be the majority of the population. In the Swaziland census no attempt was made to provide a clear picture of employment. In view of the complexity of the underlying concepts, the decisions as to whether a person should be classified as economically active or not should be left to the statisticians, not the census enumerators.
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  2. 2

    Recommendations of the Second Expert Group Meeting on Methods of Measuring the Impact of Family Planning Programmes on Fertility: report of the Secretary-General.

    United Nations. Economic and Social Council. Population Commission

    New York, UN, 1980 Nov 18. 10 p.

    The Secretariat-General of the UN, following recommendation, convened a Second Expert Group Meeting to assess methods for evaluating the impact of family planning programs. The Meeting, held in March 1979, discussed evaluation methodology. 5 new country cases were presented for Meeting discussion with a view to illustrating cross-method variance in evaluation results. It was concluded that evaluation methodology has improved in recent years. Also, progress had been made in understanding sources of error in data. Service statistics should be produced by all national family planning programs; they are useful for evaluation and administration monitoring. Computerization of the methods of evaluation is recommended as a means of time-saving and guaranteed accuracy. The use of computerized evaluative methods also facilitates comparability studies. Recommendations were made by the Expert Group to the Secretariat-General as to data collection, data quality, and research priorities.
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