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[Supplement on bibliographical services throughout the world in 1978] Supplement sur les services bibliographiques dans le monde en 1978; Suplemento relativo a los servicios bibliograficos en el mundo en 1978.
General Information Programme--Unisist Newsletter. 1980; (Annual Suppl):1-102.Add to my documents.
New York, IP, 1980. 171 p. (Contract AID/pha-G-1128)With funds from a contract with the USAID, the International Prpject of the Association for Vuluntary Sterilization (IPAVS) has published this annual report to justify its expenditures and delineate its achievements as they relate to the contract goals. In 1979, the quantifiable program achievements were that: 1) voluntary sterilization services were provided to 78,873 men and women worldwide (30% increase over the previous year); 2) 674 physicians were trained in the techniques of surgical contraception (60% increase); 3) 249 health support personnel were trained by IPAVS auspices (4-fold increase); 4) IPAVS helped establish National associations based on its own philosophy in 28 developing countries in 1979; 5) 53 of 81 subgrants allotted included information service components; 6) 17 conferences on voluntary steilization or related health topics were attended by IPAVS, and the organization sponsored 1 regional, 3 national, and 1 international conference during 1979; 7) 57 of 73 countries attending the 4th International Conference on Voluntary Sterilization in Korea sponsored by IPAVS were developing nations; and 8) an IPAVS regional office for Asia was opened in Bangladesh. Other topics covered include grant management and policy development, program development, program accomplishments, information and education, and program support functions for management activities. This large volume publishes standards required by the IPAVS for medical procedures and minimal equipment.
Establishment of a regional network of health literature, library and information services (HELLIS).
New Delhi, WHO, South East Asia Region, May 1980. 117 p.Summary of intercountry consultative meeting of administrators, librarians, and users of health libraries from the Southeast Asia region called to consider the establishment of a network of health libraries and information services in the region. Discussion centers on strengthening of libraries at the national level to provide a base for linkage and permit integration into international information retrieval systems. The major outcome of the meeting was a proposal for the establishment of flexible regional and national networks functioning on the principle of resource sharing and Country focal points. A WHO Regional Coordinating Center would act as liaison between the national level and international organizations. The intended availability of these services to all levels of health personnel, and the equal partnership of all participants in the network are stressed. Assessment of user needs would be a necessary part of the development of the system. Appended to the report is a list of participants, the program, a list of the working papers, the inaugural address of Dr. V.T.H. Gunaratne to the 27 August 1979 meeting, country situation listings, a case study of library facilities in a group of city medical colleges, a student loan scheme, description of MEDLINE services in the region, and a proposed bibliographic control system for the area, as well as a listing of low priced recommended textbooks for students.
General information programme Fourth UNISIST Meeting on the Planning and Implementation of National Information Activities in Science and Technology.
Paris, UNESCO, 1980 NOv. 25 p. (PGI-80/WS/26)The rapporteur's summary of the main issues discussed by the participants at the 4th meeting arranged by UNESCO to promote the exchange of information between planners and developers of national information systems in science and technology was provided. The seminar agenda, a list of participants, and a personal assessment of the seminar by the rapporteur was also included. Individuals from both developed and developing countries were invited to participate in the seminar on the basis of their expertise in specific areas. Topics discussed in the sessions included 1) the types of information needed by development planners; 2) the role of information in development; 3) the types of persons who need information for development; 4) the sources of information for development including human sources, information systems, and documents; 5) problems of document availability in developing countries; 6) the economic and technical problems involved in making public and proprietary information accessible to potential users; 7) the degree to which potential users are aware of different kinds of information sources; 8) the legal aspects of processing and distributing information; and 9) the role of document centers, archives, and university and national libraries in providing information for development. The rapporteur noted that the seminar was unfocused and suggested that future seminars should seek to develop specific policy recommendations and participation in the seminars should be broadened to include sociologists, educators, bankers, agricultural experts, and others interested in the development process.
International Library Review. 1980; 12:259-67.Documentalists and librarians should promote the development of a collaborate network of libraries to increase the availability of family planning information and materials throughout the world. There has been a phenomenal increase in family planning information in recent years and it is becoming increasingly difficult for small libraries and libraries located in developing countries to make this information available to their users. The network should promote resource sharing between libraries within each country. A national documentation center should be established in each country and every region should have a regional documentation center. The regional centers would work to promote the world wide sharing of population information. Specific suggestions for facilitating information sharing at each network level were provided, and the functions performed by the WHO Regional Documentation Center on Human Reproduction, Family Planning, and Population Dynamics, established in 1973 in New Delhi, were also described.
In: Williams ME, ed. Annual review of information science and technology. Vol. 15. White Plains, New York, Knowledge Industry Publications, Inc., 1980. 289-324.Problems arising in scientific and technological information (STI) work in the less developed countries (130 independent countries) are as follows: 1) lack of appreciation by national decision makers for the role of STI in development; 2) absence of an adequate infrastructure for information storage and processing; 3) absence of infrastructure for information use and absorption by users; and, 4) economic, administrative, technological, cultural, educational, and structural barriers to adequate information flow. Information work must compete for scarce resources with many other priorities, e.g., the need to increase literacy. There is little research and development since nearly all of it emanates from developed countries and reflects their environment. The grassroots level of many less developed countries' papers prevents publication in trend-setting journals and draws little attention by prominent reviewers and secondary source publishers. The specific problems of developing countries are still a preoccupation of professionals who are active in these countries or of officials working in or for international organizations. Review of the literature shows an overwhelming role of UNESCO and other UN agencies in furthering information work. These international organizations should consolidate guidelines, procedures, and operating systems in order to eliminate duplication of effort and unnecessary experimentation.