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  1. 1

    A report of UNFPA/EWPI Technical Working Group Meeting on the Role of Incentives in Family Planning Programs, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, May 15-16, 1979.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    New York, UNFPA, 1980. 41 p. (Policy Development Studies No. 4)

    The purpose of the technical work group meeting on "Incentive Schemes in Population Programs" held during May 1980 at the East-West Institute in Honolulu, Hawaii was to identify measures that would strengthen national programs and help make international assistance more appropriate and more effective. The meeting proposed a set of policy guidelines for national programs and recommendations to international organizations that offer assistance to family planning programs. A majority of countries that provide organized efforts to reduce fertility are using some form f incentive and dissacentive schemes to promote their population programs. The msot common incentive schemes are those offering incentives when family planning is accepted. Generally, free or subsidized services are provided in the family planning program. It is not uncommon for all individuals involved in the decision to accept permanent or long-lasting contraceptive methods to receive some form of incentive. Payment is frequently made in cash. The amount is usually small, with fixed rates. The incentives are customarily paid only once, at the time a specific method is accepted. There are differences in schemes among countries, and frequent changes have been made over time within countries. A greater variety of schemes was found in Asian countries, particularly in India, than in any other developing area. Most countries in the Americas region provide free services for all types of contraception, but acceptors and diffusers do not receive financial benefits. In Africa contraceptive supplies are requently provided at subsidized rates.
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  2. 2

    UNFPA assists Sri Lanka in its drive to lower birth rates.

    UNFPA Newsletter. 1980 Jan 1; 6(1):1.

    A minimum bonus of Rs.100.00 ($6) will now be paid to any employed person voluntarily undergoing sterilization in Sri Lanka. Women will be given 7 days extra leave and men 3 days. The bonus is compensation for out-of-pocket expenses and time for recovery. Many public and private corporations, e.g., the tea industry, pay sterilization bonuses, sometimes in excess of Rs. 100. A bonus of Rs. 500 is awarded women and Rs. 300 is awarded men by rubber, tea, and coconut plantations owned by the state. It is hoped that all adults in Sri Lanka, including the unemployed, will soon be covered by a system of sterilization bonuses. A UNFPA-sponsored project will equip 85 of the country's 117 smaller hospitals and train their staff to perform vasectomies and mini-lap operations under local anesthesia. 7 out of 10 of 370,000 births per year occur in hospital or some other medical facility. Population committees have been set up in several districts with divisional and village committees backing them up. These committees will be used as centers for discussion, motivation, provision of services, and referral. The Ministry for Family Health and the Community Development Services Organization will expand the provision of Depo-Provera, which is increasingly popular in Sri Lanka, especially among Moslem communities.
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