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  1. 1

    Family fertility education learning package: WHO Project 77908.

    Clarke WD

    [Unpublished] 1980. Presented at the 2nd International Conference of the International Federation of Family Life Promotion, Navan, Ireland, September 24-October 1, 1980. 21 p.

    Focus in this discussion is on improving the service delivery of natural family planning (NFP) methods. In response to requests from several family planning organizations interested in methods based on periodic abstinence, the World Health Organization (WHO) became involved in evaluating and improving the educational aspects of these methods. The educational component of such methods was viewed from the start as playing a more important role than in other family planning methods. The Task Force identified its purpose in the improvement of service delivery of NFP methods as the development, field testing, and evaluation of educational materials (the FFELP), which would form the core of a standardized curriculum for instructing NFP teachers and user-couples in the use of the ovulation method and the sympto-thermal method. The intention was that the educational materials developed would be for use by nonphysicians ranging from nurses to lay members of the community who are interested in becoming NFP instructors. In December 1975 a consultation of NFP teaching experts and staff members of the WHO Human Reproduction Unit and the Educational Communication Systems Unit took place in Geneva. Their purpose was to plan the development of the learning package. The Learning Package consisted of a guide to teaching, or educational handbook, and four NFP method manuals (fertility awareness, sexuality and responsibility, ovulation method, and sympto-thermal method) each with its own visual aids and progress monitors as well as a glossary and a compendium of goals and objectives. The campaign plan is reviewed. It included the following: organization of the project; selection of test countries and sites and allocation of methods to those sites; selection and training of personnel, trainee teachers, and user couples; evaluation procedures; and site visits by the project director. A description of the learning package is included.
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  2. 2

    Research in natural family planning.

    Spieler JM

    In: Zimmerman A, ed. Natural family planning: nature's way--God's way. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, De Rance, 1980. 121-3.

    Research on the natural methods of family planning and on the development of new methods for the determination of the fertile period are priority areas of the Special Program of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction of the World Health Organization (WHO). Problems unique to the delivery and use of the natural family planning methods include the accurate identification of the fertile days of the menstrual cycle, the number of days of abstinence required, the implementation of abstinence if pregnancy is not desired, and the need for daily continued motivation and cooperation of both partners. These problems, particularly the need for abstinence, are regarded as overwhelming by many people and need careful consideration before natural family planning is suggested or adopted. As it is now being practiced, natural family planning is a relatively new development that has had only token research support compared with the money which has been spent over the last 20 years on the development and testing of contraceptives. Except for WHO and the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare, the international and national research councils and agencies are giving little research attention to natural family planning. The 1st multicentered and cross cultural evaluation of the ovulation method was established by WHO 3 years ago. Among the challenges facing natural family planning that require research are the following: the development of uniform data collection tools; the identification of the psychosocial and psychosexual factors affecting the demand, choice and use of natural family planning; and the definition of the conditions under which natural family planning can be applied. A challenge facing advocates of natural family planning in the 1980s is to strengthen the basis of natural family planning methods through good scientific research and to obtain the financial support needed to do so.
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