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    The Dalkon Shield IUD.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. International Medical Advisory Panel [IMAP]

    IPPF Medical Bulletin. 1980 Dec; 14(6):3.

    The Dalkon Shield IUD was introduced to the list of contraceptives being distributed to developing countries by IPPF (International Planned Parenthood Federation) in 1973. By 1974, doubts had arisen about the safety of the Dalkon Shield and several cases of maternal mortality and sepsis in Dalkon Shield users had been reported. In 1974, IPPF stopped supplying Dalkon Shields to its affiliates. During the 1973-74 period of distribution, IPPF had distributed approximately 300,000 of the Shields in 41 countries. Almost 1/2 that amount had already been inserted. The position of IPPF's IMAP (International Medical Advisory Panel) on any relationship existing between use of IUDs and pelvic inflammatory disease is as follows as of 1980: 1) infection with actinomycosis makes up only a small component of all the incidents of pelvic inflammatory disease connected with IUDs; 2) the occurrence of pelvic inflammatory disease is not related to the length of use of an IUD; 3) data do not now support the recommendation that inert devices free from major side effects should be removed; and 4) any woman still wearing a Dalkon Shield should have it removed.
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