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  1. 1

    mHealth: Use of mobile wireless technologies for public health. Report by the Secretariat.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Secretariat

    [Geneva, Switzerland], WHO, 2016 May 27. [4] p. (EB139/8)

    WHO has issued a report that is strongly supportive of mHealth. New priorities for WHO in the area of mHealth include: to support and strengthen ongoing efforts to build evidence-based guidance on the use of mHealth in order to advance integrated person-centred health services and universal health coverage; to provide guidance on mHealth adoption, management and evaluation in order to aid good governance and investment decisions. These could include guidance to inform the development of national programmes and strategies, and the development of standard operating procedures; to work with Member States and partners to build platforms for sharing evidence, experience and good practices in mHealth implementation as a way to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. These could include building on existing networks to create regional hubs of knowledge and excellence on mHealth; to support building capacity and the empowerment of health workers and their beneficiary populations to use information and communication technologies, in order to foster their engagement and accountability, and to catalyse and monitor progress on specific Sustainable Development Goals using mHealth.
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  2. 2

    A practical guide for engaging with mobile network operators in mHealth for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health.

    World Health Organization [WHO]; United Nations Foundation

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2015. [36] p.

    The field of mobile health (mHealth) is experiencing a real need for guidance on public-private partnerships among players as diverse as the mobile industry, technology vendors, government stakeholders and mHealth service providers. This guide provides a practical resource for mHealth service providers (e.g. developers and implementers) to partner more strategically with one of these critical players -- the mobile network operators (MNOs). Despite the growing literature on how to develop partnerships, there is a lack of clear, practical strategies for the health community to engage with MNOs to better scale up mHealth services. This document distils best practices and industry-wide lessons by providing key motivators, challenges and recommendations for mHealth service providers to engage with MNOs for scaling up their initiatives. (Excerpts)
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  3. 3

    Mobile technologies and empowerment: Enhancing human development through participation and innovation.

    Zambrano R; Seward RK

    New York, New York, United Nations Development Programme [UNDP], 2012. [58] p.

    Mobile technologies are opening new channels of communication between people and governments, potentially offering greater access to public information and basic services to all. No other technology has been in the hands of so many people in so many countries in such a short period of time. In fact, globally, more people now have access to a mobile device than to justice or legal services. Recent estimates indicate that ICTs could be accessible to everyone by 2015 and bring internationally agreed development targets ever closer to achievement. Indeed, we are witnessing a new wave of democratization of access to innovative ICT channels, propelled by state-of-the-art technologies and diminishing barriers to entry. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have set forth global commitments to foster human development across the world. One of the targets calls for making the benefits of ICTs available to all. If we subscribe to the latest figures on mobile usage and availability then we can argue that this particular target is achievable by 2015, if not before. But how does this relate to the other 17 MDG targets, if at all, and to all other Internationally Agreed Development Goals (IADGs)? The main objective of this primer is to provide UNDP programme staff and development partners and practitioners with a practical understanding of how mobile technologies can amplify development programming. By looking at basic concepts, current trends and real life examples, the primer intends to shed light on how development practitioners can harness the potential of mobile technologies to improve development outputs and outcomes at the country level.
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  4. 4

    The level of Internet access and ICT training for health information professionals in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Ajuwon GA; Rhine L

    Health Information and Libraries Journal. 2008 Sep; 25(3):175-85.

    BACKGROUND: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are important tools for development. Despite its significant growth on a global scale, Internet access is limited in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Few studies have explored Internet access, use of electronic resources and ICT training among health information professionals in Africa. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed Internet access, use of electronic resources and ICT training among health information professionals in SSA. METHODS: A 26-item self-administered questionnaire in English and French was used for data collection. The questionnaire was completed by health information professionals from five Listservs and delegates at the 10th biannual Congress of the Association of Health Information and Libraries in Africa (AHILA). RESULTS: A total of 121 respondents participated in the study and, of those, 68% lived in their countries' capital. The majority (85.1%) had Internet access at work and 40.8% used cybercafes as alternative access points. Slightly less than two-thirds (61.2%) first learned to use ICT through self-teaching, whilst 70.2% had not received any formal training in the previous year. Eighty-eight per cent of respondents required further ICT training. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: In SSA, freely available digital information resources are underutilized by health information professionals. ICT training is recommended to optimize use of digital resources. To harness these resources, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations must play a key role.
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  5. 5

    ICT, gender equality, and empowering women.

    Daly JA

    [Unpublished] 2003 Jul 9. 15 p.

    How can information and communication technologies (ICT) be used to promote gender equality in developing nations and to empower women? This essay seeks to deal with that issue, and with the gender effects of the “information revolution.” While obvious linkages will be mentioned, the essay seeks to go beyond the obvious to deal with some of the indirect causal paths of the information revolution on the power of women and equality between the sexes. This is the third1 in a series of essays dealing with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As such, it deals specifically with Goal 3: to promote gender equality and to empower women. It is published to coincide with the International Conference on Gender and Science and Technology. The essay will also deal with the specific targets and indicators for Goal 3. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    Gender issues, the digital divide and the WSIS.

    Turley A

    Media Development. 2002; 49(4):27.

    There is growing recognition that those who most need the boost that information communication technologies (ICTs) can provide are least able to take advantage of it. The bridging of this 'digital divide', is, therefore, now high on the global development agenda with multi-lateral and bi-lateral agencies channelling millions of dollars into projects which aim to support the ability of the marginalised to harness the power of ICTs. (excerpt)
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  7. 7

    International Seminar on ICPD Advocacy in the Global Information and Knowledge Management Age.

    Cohen SI; Hoekman A; Gikonyo W

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 1999. vi, 145 p. (Technical Report No. 47)

    This technical report concerns the UN Population Fund covering the International Seminar on International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Advocacy in the Global Information and Knowledge Management Age. The purpose of the seminar was to provide vision and strategies for future work; to examine the policy, social and methodological implications of ICPD Programme of Action advocacy using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs); explore the potential for a broad new range of ICT-related partners; identify and analyze both existing and new programming applications using ICTs in the areas of ICPD advocacy; and reveal and discuss innovative and feasible new strategies for population activities. Major issues covered include the changing context and opportunities that new ICTs offer for ICPD advocacy; policy advocacy and ICTs in the field of population, reproductive health and reproductive rights; using ICTs for grass-roots ICPD advocacy; media advocacy and ICTs; building communities in cyberspace; and prospects and future strategies for population donors. The article also has recommendations for every topic covered for the improvement and success of the implemented advocacies and projects.
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  8. 8

    Summary report: ICPD Advocacy in the Global Information and Knowledge Management Age: Creating a New Culture, Ankara, Turkey, 1-4 December 1998. Draft.

    Cohen SI; Gikonyo W; Hoekman A

    [Unpublished] 1998. [2], 27 p.

    This report summarizes a 1998 seminar organized as part of the 5-year review process for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). The seminar was attended by 40 specialists in various aspects of information and communication for development and 20 national observers. Its goal was to provide population agencies with the vision and strategies needed to make new alliances with a new range of information and communication technology (ICT)-related partners. Thus, the seminar reviewed the social and methodological implications of how the new ICTs can be used to support implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action. After explaining the importance of ICTs for ICPD advocacy, the report describes the seminar's purpose and participants. Next, the report covers issues involved with expanded access to information and improved governance, shaping the ICT policy environment, empowering women to use ICTs for ICPD advocacy, and the relationship of community organizing and ICTs. The report continues by providing a new paradigm for media advocacy that is informed by a synergistic approach. After looking at the impact of ICTs on organizational change, virtual learning and population issues, and ways to partner with the ICT "industry," the report concludes with a section that focuses on harnessing ICT tools for ICPD advocacy. Textboxes describe: 1) ICTs, 2) selected inter-country UN Population Fund experiences in the use of ICTs, 3) the seminar agenda, and 4) selected seminar recommendations.
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