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Lancet. 2007 Oct 20; 370(9596):1413.Christopher Murray and colleagues publish the results of an analysis of under-5 mortality data. They note several issues they believe limit the quality and usefulness of evidence on child mortality estimates produced by the Inter-agency Child Mortality Estimation Group (IACMEG), which includes WHO, UNICEF, the World Bank, the UN Population Division, Harvard University, the US Bureau of the Census, and others. Developing the best possible method is important, and we repeat the invitation previously extended to Murray to join the Inter-agency group. However, we wish to note that many of the issues raised have already been recognised by the IACMEG and incorporated into its work plan. Additionally, we take issue with several of the technical arguments and conclusions of the article. First, UNICEF and members of the IACMEG have recognised the issue of the completeness of databases and significant work has already been completed in the development of a new and updated database, which will go live in thecoming months. This public-access database will allow ready access to the IACMEG child mortality estimates, in addition to information on how they are calculated and the data sources used. (excerpt)
Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2007 Aug; 7(8):508.New guidance has been issued to ensure that patient confidentiality is not compromised in the process of collecting and storing information on HIV/AIDS. "Ensuring that HIV information is securely stored and confidentiality is maintained will avoid potential stigmatisation and discrimination of individuals and communities as countries are scaling up HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services", Eduard Beck (UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland) told TLID. "The development of these guidelines is part of the standards work that UNAIDS has been involved in, together with the US-funded President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and WHO...it is aimed at those who provide and use HIV services, and managers who need to monitor and evaluate the services provided." (excerpt)
South African Journal of Demography. 1999; 7(1):63-71.This paper provides a description of demographic resources available on the Internet. These resources include census data, online databases, and home sites of demographic organizations. The description of demographic Internet resources is divided into five sections: North American demography, international demography, general interest items, health-related sources, and geography-related sources. The paper is followed by two appendices. The first provides a brief introduction to the Internet and to Internet access; the second contains a quick-reference list of Internet sites. Readers who are unfamiliar with the Internet should consider reading Appendix I before proceeding. Because one paper cannot reference every demographic resource on the Internet, this paper should be seen primarily as an attempt to impart enough knowledge for readers to seek out further information on their own, according to their particular research interests. (author's)
Health Promotion International. 2003 Jun; 18(2):171-172.The International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE) is currently involved as a partner in a number of European projects. These networks and projects also involve many IUHPE individual and institutional members. Although all three of the following projects are European-focused, their added value is not limited by borders. All of the collaborations noted below are of great interest to health promotion professionals across the globe. (excerpt)
BMJ. British Medical Journal. 2000 Sep 30; 321:787.The WHO is to work more closely with consumers in developing countries on the provision of reproductive health information, with the recent inclusion of the Cochrane Collaboration Consumer Network in the development of the WHO Reproductive Health Library. The WHO RH Library is an electronic review journal that provides information designed to inform decision making on RH issues in developing countries. The library is produced on an annual basis on computer disk and compact disk read-only-memory, currently in English and Spanish but soon also available in Chinese and other languages. It is available free to people in developing countries. Each edition supercedes the previous one, so the information is as up to date as possible. Hilda Bastian, convener of the Cochrane Collaboration Consumer Network and based in Australia, is leading the move to closer collaboration with consumers in the development of the library. She explained: "The aim is for the information to be more accessible to ordinary people. Secondly, we hope that it will address the issues that are considered most important to these people." In June, members of the Cochrane Collaboration Consumer Network discussed with some of the editors of the library how to make the publication more consumer friendly. The consumer members were Hilda Bastian as network convener, and women from Nigeria (representing Africa), Mexico (representing Latin America), and India (representing Asia). (full text)
Data processing for demographic censuses and surveys with special emphasis on methods applicable to developing country environments.
The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI], 1997. , 88 p. (NIDI Report No. 51)This report presents new and enhanced methodological and technological methods for improving quality and controlling costs in census taking and demographic surveys in developing countries. Chapter 1 is devoted to describing the computer environment for the processing of data. Chapter 2 discusses the planning, logistics, and management of surveys and censuses. Chapter 3 discusses data processing support for field activities, such as management of address lists and computerized mapping. Chapters 4 and 5 review office-based tasks such as coding and data entry, optical mark reading, optical character reading and image scanning, and data entry equipment requirements. Chapter 6 focuses on data editing with computers, imputation methods, and a master file for tabulation. Chapter 7 identifies tabulation methods. Chapter 8 describes the post-enumeration survey. Chapter 9 describes demographic data bases for micro and macro data and table-oriented and time-series data bases. Chapter 10 describes dissemination methods, such as printed reports, magnetic media, and on-line and batch on-demand aggregation. Chapter 11 describes potential uses of data from censuses and surveys. Chapter 12 describes requirements for physical infrastructure, data processing equipment, human resources, and technical information. Chapter 13 is a brief conclusion. The annex provides a list of noncommercial software for processing data. Perhaps the most important physical facilities are an adequate continuous electric power supply and related equipment (an internal battery for saving data before shutdown).
WORLD HEALTH FORUM. 1993; 14(4):410-7.The World Health Organization has a program of Library and Health Literature Services for facilitating information dissemination. This article describes resources (WHO produced information, databases for locating materials,computer packages for accessing information, the Internet, and other information resources). The WHO recommendation for effective health information services relies on appropriate resources, appropriate methodologies for management of information and communication, and stimulation of local initiatives and applications. Information services must know what is needed locally, regionally, and internationally by whom. WHO documents are available worldwide in depository libraries, Ministry of Health units, and WHO offices. WHOLIS is a database which provides for a quick identification of a specific item. WHODOC updates this database, which includes a variety of journal and technical articles and audiovisual materials. Each entry identifies the language used in the document. Indexing is available by subject, language, and location. WHOLIS is available online from a number of international nonprofit organizations or on CD-ROM diskette. WHODOC is a bi-monthly printed version of the database. A computer readable version is available in MICRO CDS/ISIS, CARDBOX PLUS, or ASCII files. Other source material can be identified though WHO's specialized subject lists produced by Health Literature Services (HLT) and sent to regional office libraries or accessed on INTERNET. Updates occur every two weeks. HLT is a purchasing agent for WHO affiliates and medical institutions and a clearinghouse for information on duplicate materials available for free disposal by cooperating libraries. The WHO documentation module transfers records from the WHOLIS database. WHO libraries issue a free newsletter "Liaison" which links health libraries and documentation services worldwide. Healthnet, operated by SatelLife, provides same day delivery. An African Index Medicus is being developed.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, UNECA, 1990 Apr. , 23 p. (RAF/88/P16)POPIN-Africa, or Population Information Network for Africa, was conceived in 1982 and designed to enable ECA (UN Economic Commission for Africa) member states to develop national information centers and infrastructures to support their policies of development planning. It allows information to be standardized and encourages formulation of sound population policies based on accurate information. POPIN-Africa is a decentralized network comprising National Population Information Centers, (NPICs), and Subregional/Sectoral Participating Centers linked by a Coordinating Unit (CU). Associated are an Advisory Committee (PAAC), a Technical Working Group (PAT), and a Working Group on Information Dissemination and Diffusion (PAWID). Major services of POPIN-Africa include documentation in the form of Country Bibliography Series, Databases, Training, a Clearinghouse, news agencies and media links for dissemination of information. Publications include African Population Profile, African Director of Demographers, Popindex-Africa, POPIN-Africa Country Bibliography Series, African Population Newsletter, POPIN-Africa Info, and Scanning Sheet.
[Unpublished] 1988. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 21-23, 1988. , 23,  p.For sub-Saharan countries, population censuses are crucial in obtaining data about local areas, sociodemographic characteristics, and input for development and policy making. Most sub-Saharan countries cannot afford to fund censuses, and external assistance has been provided by UNFPA, the US, the United Kingdom, and France. The World Bank has recently become involved in supporting census work, and coordination between all these groups is critical. 5 critical areas for making effective use of scarce resources are: country commitment; improved donor coordination; management and planning; institutionalization of census capabilities; and improvement of production, dissemination, and use of census data. Country commitment is affected by fund shortages, and political sensitivities. Census work should depend on agricultural seasons, the school year, and migratory movements. Donor coordination in the areas of funding, data analysis, and technical assistance is important. Planning for future censuses should begin 2-3 years before the actual census date, and management of the census should include short-term training and technical assistance from donor countries. The institutionalization of census activities should address the weakest link in census work--data processing. Lengthy delays in processing data because of nonstandardized equipment, limited access, and lack of skilled personnel have hampered census efforts. A fully configured microcomputer system would also address this problem. Publication and dissemination of census data, sometimes delayed as much as 8 years, could be improved by the use of timely microcomputer reports of preliminary results. Attention to these 5 key areas will improve the 1990 round of censuses, and efficiently use the limited resources available.
New York, New York, Population Council, 1985 Sep. 5,  p. (Fertility Determinants Research Note No. 5)One of the notable features of population studies in the past 35 years has been the increasing reliance on sample surveys as the primary source of demographic data. Past surveys of knowledge, attitudes, and practice of contraception in developing countries are important resources. These early KAP and fertility surveys, conducted 10 or more years ago, provide benchmarks for the study of how group differentials in behavior and attitudes evolve with time. Together with recent surveys, they help to monitor the pace and nature of the transition from 1 demographic regime to another within societies. Attempts to retrieve the earlier data produced constructive lessons and recommendations on how to safeguard current and future surveys and promote their use. 3 recommendations emerge that will help safeguard current and future surveys and promote their use. 1) Develop standards of documentation and maintenance, including how long questionnaires are to be retained, now much of the detail of sampling design should be saved, what constitutes an adequate description of interviewer characteristics and instruction. 2) Arrange for public access and the mechanisms to promote it. Funds should be budgeted for this purpose from the outset. Surveys that are still not generally available after a reasonable number of years lose much of their value and deprive the demographic community of a valuable resource. 3) Create structures to preserve and disseminate KAP and fertility surveys. The need for this is greatest for surveys not associated with large international programs. In all cases arrangements for longterm preservation must be made. Tables are included which describe 3rd world countries in which KAP or fertility surveys were conducted before 1981, and an inventory of pairs of surveys for potential use in conparative and over-time analysis.
United Nations Expert Group on Common Indexing Tools: report on the second meeting (22-25 May 1984).
Popin Bulletin. 1984 Dec; (6-7):81-98.The Expert Group is comprised of representatives of the Libraries and bibliographic information systems of ESCAP, ECLAC, ECA, ECWA, as well as the Information Systems Unit. ECA could not be represented at this 2nd meeting. The 2nd meeting was convened to review the results of the Macrothesaurus management project; to discuss issues pertinent to the publication of the Macrothesaurus by the UN in late 1984 or early 1985; to explore mechanisms for cooperation in the ongoing maintenance of the Macrothesaurus; to lay the groundwork for cooperation in the development of a commen UN indexing vocabulary based on the Macrothesaurus and the UNBIS Thesaurus; and to consider prospects for merging and disseminating the bibliographic data base of the regional commissions and the Information Unit. The agenda adopted consisted of: election of chairperson and rapporteur; a progress report on the thesaurus and information systems activities of the members of the Expert Group: a review of the draft revised version of the Macrothesaurus for Information Processing in the Field of Economic and Social Development; goals and mechanisms of continued cooperation in thesaurus management; a review of the conversion and merging project of development-related data bases, and mechanisms for continuing cooperation in data base merging and access; and adoption of recommendations. Each member of the Expert Group presented a report on personal experience in thesaurus management and on progress made in development information systems and activities. Continued cooperation in the form of continued development and maintenance of the Macrothesaurus and by participating in broader activities to develop a common UN thesaurus composed of the Macrothesaurus and UNBIS Thesaurus were viewed as options. It was agreed that thesaurus management must be a perpetual and interactive process involving users at the international, regional and national levels. Several issues pertinent to the development of a common UN thesaurus were explored in depth: organizational mechanisms; the time frame for development; appropriate computer facilities; funding; and the development of other versions of the thesaurus, including an Arabic language version. The main conclusion to be drawn from the project was that the mutual sharing of data was feasible. A discussion on prospects for continued cooperation focused on the usefulness of merging the data bases of the regional commissions and the Information Systems Unit; the organizational mechanisms required to ensure continued cooperation; access to the merged data base and the documents cited in it; and the financial, technical and manpower resources required to realize ongoing data base exchange.
[Unpublished] 1984 Aug. Background note presented at the International Conference on Population, Mexico City, August 6-13, 1984. 5 p. (E/CONF.76/NGO/16)The Association for Population/Family Planning Libraries and Information Centers- - International (APLIC) exists to foster, encourage, and implement population information activities, including publication, collection, and dissemination of population-related literature. Abstract journals, computerized on-line and printout services, computerized data bases. Population Bibliography, and popline and a global population information network, (POPIN) have been developed in the last decade. Decrying contraints placed on the free flow of population information in some countries, APLIC urges the conference participants to recognize the importance of providing uncensored current population information to all who need it and can use it, and to continue support, financial and otherwise, for the population information structure developed over the past decade at the international, regional, and national levels.
ESCAP/POPIN Expert Working Group on Development of Population Information Centres and Networks, 20-23 June 1984, Bangkok, Thailand.
Population Headliners. 1984 Jul; (112 Suppl):1-6.An overview of current population information programs at the regional, national, and global level was presented at a meeting of the Expert Working Group on Development of Population Information Centres and Networks. On the global level, the decentralized Population Information Network (POPIN) was established, consisting of population libraries, clearinghouses, information systems, and documentation centers. The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Regional Population Information Centre (PIC) has actively promoted the standardization of methodologies for the collection and processing of data, the use of compatible terminology, adoption of classification systems, computer-assisted data and information handling, and improved programs of publication and infomration dissemination, within and among national centers. Among the national PICs, 83% are attached to the primary national family planning/fertility control unit and 17% are attached to demographic data, research, and analysis units. Lack of access to specialized information handling equipment such as microcomputers, word processors, and computer terminals remains a problem for PICs. Recommendations were made by the Expert Working Group to improve the functions of PICs: 1) the mandate and resoponsibilities of the PIC should be explicilty stated; 2) PICs should collect, process, and disseminate population information in the most effective format to workers in the population feild; 3) PICs should be given flexibility in the performance of activitites by their governing bodies; 4) short-term training should be provided in computerization and dissemination of information; 5) research and evaluation mechanisms for PIC activities should be developed; 6) PIC staff should prepare policy briefs for decision makers; 7) access to parent organizations should be given to nongovernment PICs; 8) study tours to foreign PICs should be organized for PIC staff; and 9) on-the-job training in indexing and abstracting should be provided. Networking among PICs can be further facilitated by written acquisition policies, automation of bibliographic information, common classification systems, and exchange of ideas and experience between various systems.
Population information activities of the ESCAP Population Division Clearing-House and Information Section.
In: Thailand. Ministry of Public Health. National Family Planning Programme. Thai Population Clearing House/Documentation Centre In-service training on population/family planning information system, 19 May-9 July 1981, Bangkok. Bangkok, Thailand, Ministry of Public Health, National Family Planning Programme, Thai Population Clearing House/Documentation Centre, [1981?]. 10-24. (ASEAN Australian Project No. 3 Developing/Strengthening National Population Information Systems and Networks in ASEAN Countries: Thailand)The main function of the ESCAP Population Division Clearing House and Information Section is the collection, building, and dissemination of population information is ESCAP member countries. Objectives include the development of an improved information exchange system, and the stimulation of the information component of the population infrastructure. Technical assistance and training are provided at the request of governments. The population correspondents' network has been restructured in order to improve its effectiveness as an instrument in strengthening population programs. Documents are being translated into English and local languages. The Reference Centre provides a number of services, including: retrospective searching, document delivery, current awareness, annotation of bibliographies, and consultation. Publications emanating from the Clearing House are designed to keep agencies informed of program developments and reports of regional meetings and research studies. Selective dissemination of information (SDI) is conducted by the Dissemination Unit of the Section. Other Clearing House activities include the evaluation of current awareness services, and the compilation of an inventory of current research on mortality and family planning. Automation of many of these functions is now taking place; the compatibility of information programs with each other, both among nations and among UN organizations, is a future goal.
[UN/WHO Working Group on Data Bases for Measurement of Levels, Trends and Differentials in Mortality, Bangkok, 20-23 October 1981] Groupe de Travail ONU/OMS sur les Bases des Donnees Destinees a la Mesure des Niveaux, Tendances et Differences dans la Mortalite, Bangkok, 20-23 octobre 1981.
World Health Statistics Quarterly. Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales. 1981; 34(4):239-40.The meeting was jointly organized by the UN and the World Health Organization (WHO) to discuss the experience of various governments and national institutions in the collection, analysis, and use of mortality data relevant to the establishment of policies in the health and development sectors of their countries in order to make governments aware of the potential uses of the data. Topics covered included: 1) use of mortality data for health and development programs, 2) use of continuous registration systems, 3) approaches for collection of mortality data, 4) collection of mortality data through multipurpose surveys, 5) birth or death records as a sampling frame for studies of mortality, and 6) special data collection systems for studying health processes. Recommendations concerned vital registration, censuses and surveys, other data needs, research strategies, data management and the role of international organizations and funding agencies, stressing the achievement of "birth and death registration for all by the year 2000" as the final goal.
Evaluation report to UNFPA on clearinghouses and documentation centers in the field of population and family planning in Asia.
New York, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 1977 Sep. 207 p.In this evaluation report on clearinghouses and documentation centres in the field of population and family planning in Asia, a documentation centre is defined as a publisher of general indexes, catalogues and bibliographies of its holdings and is equipped to reproduce documents in its library. A clearinghouse provides more extensive services than a documentation centre. It searches out and collects data and may act as a link between groups working on the same topic. 5 projects are evaluated: 1) "Building and Strengthening Collection and Disseminaton of Population Information", ESCAP, Bangkok; 2) "Regional Clearinghouse Services for Population Education", UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Asia, Bangkok; 3) "Regional Documentation Centre for Documentation on Human Reproduction, Family Planning and Population Dynamics", WHO Southeast Asia, Regional Office, New Delhi; 4) "Programme for Wider Dissemination of Population Information through Depthnews" and "An Integrated Information Plan for Asia", 2 interrelated projects which include clearinghouse activities, Press Foundation of Asia, Manila; and 5) "Establishment of a Documentation Centre in Family Planning at the National Institute of Family Planning", New Delhi. It is recommended that the regional clearinghouses of ESCAP, UNESCO and WHO/SEARO be funded for the next 2-3 years.
In: Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference, Association for Population/Family Planning Libraries and Information Centers, New York City, April 1974. K.H. Speert, et al., eds. Wash.,D.C., APLIC, Dec.1974, pp.93-104Add to my documents.