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Washington, D.C., World Bank, 2015. 32 p.The adolescent girl’s initiative (AGI) was motivated by the idea that vocational training and youth employment programs tailored to the needs of girls and young women can improve the economic empowerment and agency. By putting that idea into practice in a number of ways, the AGI pilots are making it possible to learn about the demand for such programs and whether in their current form they are a feasible and (in some cases) cost-effective means of meeting their objectives. Adolescent females in lower-income countries face a difficult environment in their path toward economic empowerment, a critical dimension of adulthood. Females, especially from low-income countries, want to participate in programs to support their economic empowerment. Effective programs shared certain features that made it possible for them to reach adolescent girls and young women and successfully assess and impart the skills that they needed.
Reproductive Health. 2015 Sep 18; 12(90):1-13.Background Young people make up for 24.5 % of Latin America’s population. Inadequate supply of specific and timely sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and sexuality education for young people increases their risk of sexual and reproductive ill health. Colombia is one of the few countries in Latin America that has implemented and scaled up specific and differentiated health and SRH services-termed as its Youth Friendly Health Services (YFHS) Model. Objective To provide a systematic description of the crucial factors that facilitated and hindered the scale up process of the YFHS Model in Colombia. Methods A comprehensive literature search on SRH services for young people and national efforts to improve their quality of care in Colombia and neighbouring countries was carried out along with interviews with a selection of key stakeholders. The information gathered was analysed using the World Health Organization-ExpandNet framework (WHO-ExpandNet). Results/Discussion In 7 years (2007-2013) of the implementation of the YFHS Model in Colombia more than 800 clinics nationally have been made youth friendly. By 2013, 536 municipalities in 32 departments had YFHS, resulting in coverage of 52 % of municipalities offering YHFS. The analysis using the WHO-ExpandNet framework identified five elements that enabled the scale up process: Clear policies and implementation guidelines on YFHS, clear attributes of the user organization and resource team, establishment and implementation of an inter-sectoral and interagency strategy, identification of and support to stakeholders and advocates of YFHS, and solid monitoring and evaluation. The elements that limited or slowed down the scale up effort were: Insufficient number of health personnel trained in youth health and SRH, a high turnover of health personnel, a decentralized health security system, inadequate supply of financial and human resources, and negative perceptions among community members about providing SRH information and services to young people. Conclusion Colombia’s experience shows that for large-scale implementation of youth health programmes, clear policies and implementation guidelines, support from institutional leaders and authorities who become champions of YFHS, continuous training of health personnel, and inclusion of users in the design and monitoring of these services are key.
Love, sexual rights and young people. Learning from our peer educators how to be a youth-centred organisation. Report of a participatory assessment of the IPPF Danida-funded A+ programme on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights.
[London, United Kingdom], IPPF, 2013 May.  p.The A+ program was implemented by IPPF’s Member Associations in 16 countries across sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Central America. The goal was to increase access to sexual and reproductive health services and comprehensive sexuality education for young people, and to promote their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This report, guided by the unique insights of young people themselves, will contribute to shared learning on how best to implement a youth-centered approach across IPPF and beyond. Integral to the program ethos were cross-cutting issues of youth participation, gender equity and partnerships, with a focus on reaching the most marginalized young people.
Experiences from the field: HIV prevention among most at risk adolescents in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Geneva, Switzerland, UNICEF, Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, .  p.This document shares experiences in an effort to support programmers, policymakers, and donors to carry out and strengthen further programming among most-at-risk-adolescents (MARA) and other vulnerable adolescents in the Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States Region and beyond. It presents programming experiences from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, and Ukraine. The overarching goal of these programs has been to promote HIV prevention among MARA and to ensure their integration into national HIV / AIDS program strategies and monitoring and evaluation frameworks.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2012 May.  p.Obtaining the consent of your client before treating them is a cornerstone of good medical practice and in most countries, a legal requirement, and the process of obtaining it is a specific example of when health professionals must apply the concept of evolving capacity. To be fully included in the decision-making process and to give informed consent, young people need accurate and comprehensive information presented in an accessible manner.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2012 May.  p.There are approximately 3 billion people under 25 and a large percentage of those young people lack the access to sexual and reproductive health services or information that they need to translate their decisions into realities for their lives now and in the future. The Keys to youth-friendly services series explores what IPPF considers to be the key elements for ‘unlocking’ access to sexual and reproductive health services for young people. We believe that if every health professional and health-providing institution adopted these keys in the day-to-day implementation of their work, that it would go a long way in eradicating the stigma and other barriers that prevent young people from accessing the services, information and support that they are entitled to receive. (Excerpt)
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2012 May.  p.Evolving capacity is about individual development and autonomy -- it refers to the way that each young person gradually develops the ability to take full responsibility for her or his own actions and decisions. This publication highlights important issues for health professionals to consider in finding the balance between protecting young clients and enabling them to exercise autonomy.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2011 Mar.  p.Confidentiality is crucial in the provision of youth friendly services. Privacy and confidentiality are distinct concepts. Confidentiality ensures privacy. The promotion of young people's sexual and reproductive health can only be achieved through providing confidential services that encourage them to seek preventative care and counselling.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2011 Oct.  p.Young people are not a single homogenous group, but a diverse population whose sexual and reproductive health needs are complex, shifting and varied. Youth-friendly service delivery should be based on an understanding of and respect for each person's unique social, cultural and economic identity.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2011 Mar.  p.Sexuality is a fundamental aspect of human life that refers to gender roles and identities, sexual orientation, intimacy and pleasure. Open, free expression of sexuality is central to every individual's well-being. Accepting these realities is the starting point for adopting a sex-positive approach to youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services.
Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2011 Aug.  p. (UNAIDS/ JC2112E)This report shows that these global commitments will be achieved only if the unique needs of young women and men are acknowledged, and their human rights fulfilled, respected, and protected. In order to reduce new HIV infections among young people, achieve the broader equity goals set out in the MDGs, and begin to reverse the overall HIV epidemic, HIV prevention and treatment efforts must be tailored to the specific needs of young people.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2011 Jan.  p.Girls Decide: Choices on Sex and Pregnancy explores innovative projects for girls and young women that offer great potential for making a difference on a large scale. These projects empower girls and young women, and affect all areas of their development, by implementing a positive approach towards their sexual and reproductive health and rights. When girls and young women understand that their sexual identities, feelings, emotions, sexual behaviour and aspirations are legitimate and respected, they are empowered. When they have access to the knowledge and the opportunities to make choices about relationships, sexuality and pregnancy, and when communities and societies give girls and young women the space and support they need to become confident, decision-making individuals, everyone benefits. It is time for policy- and decision-makers, educators, service providers and community leaders to re-think strategies for girls and young women: invest in, protect and promote policies, programmes, services and research that incorporate a positive approach to their choices around all aspects of sex, sexuality and pregnancy.
Washington, D.C., ICRW, 2010. 43 p.Girls receive a disproportionally small share of the total development dollars invested globally each year, but the field is primed for even greater action and investment. Before charting the way forward, it is important to understand more about current efforts underway on behalf of girls. ICRW designed a mapping exercise to identify the scope and range of work on issues related to girls being undertaken by key development actors. The exercise also helped analyze the core directions, opportunities, and gaps inherent across the efforts of multiple stakeholders. This report presents the key findings from this exercise, describing what we have learned about the donors and organizations engaged in working with girls, the policy and program efforts underway, and current and future directions for the field.
Education, youth and development: UNESCO in Latin America and the Caribbean. Educación, juventud y desarrollo: acciones de la UNESCO en América Latina y el Caribe.
Santiago, Chile, Gráfica Funny, 2010 Aug.  p.This publication is produced by UNESCO's Regional Bureau of Education for Latin America and the Caribbean (OREALC/UNESCO Santiago). This document analyses the Millennium Development Goals and the Education for All (EFA) goals from the perspective of youth. The publication is the result of a joint effort by UNESCO Offices and Institutes in the region, which provided information on four key issues important to youth in Latin America and the Caribbean: quality education for all youth, education for peaceful coexistence, sexuality education, and HIV prevention and education for sustainable development. Innovative experiences described in the publication include UNESCO's assistance in drafting public policy in Brazil, the implementation of a post-earthquake educational model in Haiti, and teacher training on HIV/AIDS prevention and reduction of the effects of violence in Mexico.
Investing in young people: UNFPA’s commitment to advancing the rightsof adolescents and youth in the eastern Europe and central Asia (EECA)Region.
Entre Nous. 2009; 69:4-5.Investing in young people is an investment in the future. Yet more than half of young people throughout the globe live in poverty. Impoverished youth are particularly at risk of gender discrimination, poor schooling, unemployment and poor access to health services. They are also less likely to know of, claim and exercise their rights to reproductive health information and services.
[Washington, D.C.], World Bank, 2009 Jun. 4 p.The brief provides a summary of World Bank projects targeting youth between 1995 and 2007. The purpose is to identify trends in lending and grants in terms of loan amounts, the number of projects, sectoral emphasis, and regional distribution.
[Sanaa], Yemen, Ministry of Youth and Sports, 1998 Nov.  p.This policy discusses the National Strategy for Integrating Youth into Development for the Republic of Yemen. It states previous strategy goals and addresses the issues and problems with those and formulates suggested strategic actions that combat those issues.
[Unpublished] 1998.  p.The assembled national youth ministers commit themselves to national youth policies and formulate guidelines in association with youth on the following topics: Participation, Development, Peace, Education, Employment, Health, and Drug & Substance Abuse.
[London, United Kingdom], IPPF, 1998.  p.The IPPF / youth manifesto outlines the goals developed by the Youth Committee of IPPF. The goals include: access to information and education on sexuality and SRH services for young people, youth must be able to be active citizens in their society, and young people must be able to have pleasure and confidence in relationships and all aspects of sexuality.
New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2008. 101 p.This publication shows how various parts of the United Nations system support youth development with a diverse range of programs covering all 15 priority areas of the World Programme of Action for Youth. Several of these priority areas relate to reproductive health and HIV, and numerous UN agencies include activities on these topics in their programming. This document includes illustrative activities for each agency, key publications, and contact information.
Guide to the implementation of the World Programme of Action for Youth. Recommendations and ideas for concrete action for policies and programmes that address the everyday realities and challenges of youth.
New York, New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2006.  p. (ST/ESA/309)The following key policy messages form the foundation of the recommendations contained in this Guide: Recognize, address and respond to youth as a distinct but heterogeneous population group, with particular needs and capacities which stem from their formative age; Build the capabilities and expand the choices of young people by enhancing their access to and participation in all dimensions of society; Catalyze investment in youth so that they consistently have the proper resources, information and opportunities to realize their full potential; Change the public support available to youth from ad-hoc or last-minute to consistent and mainstreamed; Promote partnerships, cooperation and the strengthening of institutional capacity that contribute to more solid investments in youth; Support the goal of promoting youth themselves as valuable assets and effective partners; Include young people and their representative associations at all stages of the policy development and implementation process; and Transform the public perception of young people from neglect to priority, from a problem to a resource, and from suspicion to trust. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Sep; (9): p..Representatives from the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in Colombia visited the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) in the second half of a technical assistance exchange project. FGAE is expanding its institutional focus from family planning to sexual and reproductive health with a special emphasis on young people. Representatives from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and the IPPF Africa Regional Office visited PROFAMILIA/Colombia in March 2001 to see PROFAMILIA's youth programs and services first-hand. The exchange was the first half of a technical assistance project that is funded by the IPPF "i3" Youth Program (Innovate, Indicate, Inform). IPPF/WHR had identified PROFAMILIA as a "best practices" FPA which could offer its expertise in developing youth programs to the FPA in Ethiopia. Zhenja, the IPPF/WHR Communications Manager, was there to facilitate the visit and identify needs for technical assistance. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Apr; (3): p..Representatives from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, Africa Regional Office visited the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in March 2001 to see PROFAMILIA's youth programs and services. The exchange was the first half of a technical assistance project; PROFAMILIA was identified as a "best practices" organization that could offer its expertise to FGAE. Representatives from PROFAMILIA/Colombia visited the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) in August 2001 for the second half of a technical assistance exchange project. The project, which in March 2001 allowed for FGAE representatives to visit Colombia, is funded by the IPPF "i3" Youth Program (Innovate, Indicate, Inform). FGAE is expanding its institutional focus from family planning to sexual and reproductive health with a special emphasis on young people. PROFAMILIA was identified as a "best practices" organization to provide technical assistance on youth programs. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2002 Jul; (14): p..Alejandra, senior program officer, and Rebecca, evaluation officer, traveled to Ecuador in June 2002 to monitor the implementation of two adolescent projects funded by the Hewlett and Turner foundations. We spent the first two days of our trip in Guayaquil, where IPPF/WHR's affiliate, APROFE, has its main offices and clinics. This organization has begun providing services tailored to the needs of youth for the first time. Their idea was to build a separate space for youth with funds from the Hewlett Foundation to allow the clients to have access to health care providers who are specially trained to meet their needs as young people. It will also provide them with greater privacy. Unfortunately, there have been some construction delays for the new youth center. APROFE is therefore providing youth services in a section of the main clinic's office which has been refurbished as a youth clinic. I was struck by how friendly and colorful the office looked. There were lots of posters and signs painted by the youth. We also saw the blueprints for the youth center, which APROFE hopes to have completed by December. (excerpt)
New York, New York, IPPF, WHR, 2005 Jan.  p. (IPPF / WHR Spotlight on Youth)Extreme poverty, discrimination, and lack of familial support often force young people to spend their lives on the streets of urban centers in developing countries, working in the informal sector--begging, selling trinkets, shining shoes, or resorting to petty theft and prostitution--and struggling to survive. These vulnerable youth face high rates of police beatings, sexual assault, alcoholism, substance abuse (especially glue sniffing), and gang involvement, often resulting in a high number of unintended pregnancies, clandestine abortions, sexually transmitted infections, especially gonorrhea, herpes and HIV/AIDS. Traditionally, mainstream public health organizations and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) service providers have not been successful in reaching the very poor and marginalized. Few materials have been developed that target street kids and little is known about their service needs, or even their numbers. Local organizations do not have the infrastructure to provide services and determine their costs, and most SRH service providers have not been sensitized to the needs of street youth. (excerpt)