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Seattle, Washington, PATH, 2013 Apr.  p.To meet the challenge of sustaining reproductive health commodity security in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the United Nations Population Fund and PATH developed workshops to increase awareness about total market approaches and develop an action plan for the region. This report describes two regional workshops that were held in April 2013.
Road-mapping a total market approach for family planning and reproductive health commodity security. Workshop materials.
Seattle, Washington, PATH, 2013.  p.To meet the challenge of sustaining reproductive health commodity security in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the United Nations Population Fund and PATH developed workshops to increase awareness about total market approaches and develop an action plan for the region. These workshop materials are from two regional workshops that were held in April 2013.
Making health services adolescent friendly: Developing national quality standards for adolescent friendly health services.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2012.  p.This guidebook sets out the public health rationale for making it easier for adolescents to obtain the health services that they need to protect and improve their health and well-being, including sexual and reproductive health services. It defines ‘adolescent-friendly health services’ from the perspective of quality, and provides step-by-step guidance on developing quality standards for health service provision to adolescents. Drawing upon international experience, it is also tailored to national epidemiological, social, cultural and economic realities, and provides guidance on identifying what actions need to be taken to assess whether appropriate standards have been achieved.
New York, New York, IPPF, WHR, 2005 Jan.  p. (IPPF / WHR Spotlight on Youth)For more than a decade, the International Planned Parenthood Federation/Western Hemisphere Region (IPPF/WHR) and its member associations in Latin America and the Caribbean have worked to address the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents and young people. Early on, it became clear that effectively reaching youth would require formulating and adopting a new model of youth-friendly service provision. Creating these services would involve sensitizing and training staff to young people's rights and needs; creating separate waiting rooms, spaces, or clinics where youth would feel comfortable; and developing educational materials that would be attractive to youth. In November 2002, IPPF/WHR held a workshop with medical providers and youth program coordinators from 11 associations in Latin America to improve their capacity to provide youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. The workshop addressed: understanding how adolescent needs differ from adult needs; viewing SRH and services through the framework of youth rights; components of youth-friendly services and their implementation; communicating with youth about SRH; and review and distribution of tools for strengthening youth-friendly services. (excerpt)
Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health: Charting Directions for a Second Generation of Programming. A report on a workshop of the UNFPA in collaboration with the Population Council, 1--3 May 2002, New York.
New York, New York, Population Council, 2003.  p.The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), in collaboration with the Population Council, convened a three-day workshop that took place 1--3 May 2002 at the Population Council's headquarters in New York. The workshop provided an opportunity to review research and programs in the area of adolescent reproductive health and development (the "first generation") and to think critically about key lessons learned from this work as we move forward into the "second generation" of work with this important population. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from that workshop. For the purposes of this executive summary, we are gathering key points into two clusters: those that underscore principles of program planning, design, and evaluation, and those that highlight neglected subjects or subgroups on the adolescent agenda. Where possible, reference is made to the sections of the report as well as the background paper where the reader may find more detailed descriptions. (excerpt)
GBV communication skills manual. Communication Skills in Working with Survivors of Gender-based Violence: a five-day training of trainers workshop.
[New York, New York], Reproductive Health Response in Conflict Consortium, .  p.This curriculum represents collaboration between FHI, the RHRC Consortium, and the IRC. The original curriculum used in Peja, Kosovo, has been supplemented and refined in subsequent trainings by FHI, as well as by the work of IRC's Sophie Read-Hamilton in Tanzania and Sierra Leone. The curriculum presented here has been finalized by Jeanne Ward of the RHRC Consortium, with feedback from FHI and IRC. What follows is an outline of the overall goals of the training, a training outline, and a list of materials needed, as well as a list of transparencies, handouts, and activity sheets used in the training, an indepth training curriculum, and all transparencies, handouts, and activity sheets necessary to conduct a training. The training is designed so that all the materials used in the training can be shared with participants at the end of the workshop (preferably in a binder), and they can conduct subsequent trainings on topics with which they feel comfortable. Participants are not expected to be able to train on the entire contents of the manual unless they have extensive training and psychosocial experience. (excerpt)
Working in partnership to boost reproductive health commodity security. [Trabajar en sociedad para mejorar la seguridad de los productos de salud reproductiva]
Population 2005. 2004 Sep-Oct; 6(3):10-11.As USAID, through its sub-contracted American NGO John Snow Incorporated (JSI), continues to phase out support to developing countries for reproductive health commodities— contraceptives and essential drugs—the UN Population Fund and interested donor bodies are concerned with how best to marshal and direct commodity assistance for the future. The current focus is on nine countries in the Latin American region: Bolivia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru. To ensure a smooth transition and to help these countries to eventually achieve reproductive health commodity security, or RHCS, USAID and JSI are working closely with partners, including UNFPA, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the World Bank. (excerpt)
[A guide to providing reproductive health services] Guia para prestacao de services em saude reprodutiva.
Fortaleza, Brazil, Secretaria da Saude, 1998. xxvi, 432 p.The Viva Mulher [Healthy Woman] Program developed by the Secretariat of Health of the State of Ceará (SESA-CE), in partnership with several local, national and international institutions, was conceived after recognition of the unfavorable health situation of women throughout the State. Sensitized by the size of the problem and encouraged by other successful initiatives, such as the Community Health Agent program and the Healthy Child program, the results of which were translated into a reduction in infant mortality and an increase in the coverage of Basic Health Actions, the State Government resolved to promote a broad mobilization of institutions interested in the problems so as to develop intensive joint efforts involving society as a whole in an attempt to make a significant change in the health profile of women in Ceará. The first concrete act was the holding of the "Woman, Health, Life" seminar in Fortaleza in August 1992, which had more than 1,000 participants, to launch the Healthy Woman program on the basis of directives from the Ministry of Health (PAISM). The Healthy Woman program was associated from the beginning with the United Nations Population Fund (FNUAP), which proposed to offer technical assistance and financial resources through a four-year cooperation project with the State Government. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), collaborating agencies of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) and other international entities later joined in the process and have been cooperating in various complementary manners. (excerpt)
CASA BULLETIN. 2000 Nov; 8(1):1, 3.A workshop on Reproductive Health (RH) in crisis situations was held March 28-30, 2000, in Kathmandu, Nepal. Its main objective was to increase awareness and capacity of UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Field Offices, the CST and partners, in responding adequately to the RH needs of refugees and internally displaced persons in emergency situations. Included were representatives from various international organizations involved in the delivery of humanitarian aid in emergency situations. One of the important points highlighted in the workshop was that RH is an early priority in emergency situations and that putting RH on the agenda at the beginning of such situations is vital. Other key themes repeated throughout the workshop included the difficulty in establishing good coordination among agencies, and the need for preparedness and maintenance of a level of awareness that the emergency did not occur in a vacuum. Case studies of UNFPA funded programs of emergency assistance from the Central and South Asia region were presented at the workshop.
FPAN NEWSLETTER. 1998 Jul-Aug; 18(4):4.In Colombo, Nepal, the 7-day "Workshop on Sexual and Reproductive Health," organized by the International Planned Parenthood Federation/South Asia Region Bureau, was attended by all the Family Planning Associations within the region. The workshop in spite of sharing the experiences was very successful in fusing the relevance and importance of the different issues and components of the sexual and reproductive for the country programs. There were four participants from Nepal. The Bureau being committed to integrate sexual and reproductive health components into the existing country-level programs organized the "Sexual and Reproductive Health Workshop" at Family Planning Association in Nepal (FPAN). In addition to the technical support provided by the Bureau, participants of the Colombo Workshop also assisted in the FPAN Workshop enabling them to practice the newly learnt skills. In the inauguration of the Workshop, it was noted that it was necessary to provide sexual and reproductive health services adopting the life-cycle process for program effectiveness.
UN CHRONICLE. 1998; (1):20-1.This article reports on the UN Population Fund's (UNFPA) African regional meeting that was held in November 1997. The meeting was attended by an assortment of UNFPA representatives and program staff. This meeting followed up the 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and 1995 regional meetings on the 1994 Plan of Action. These prior meetings emphasized the link between population and development and the urgency of meeting the needs of individual women and men in a people-centered approach to development, rather than a target oriented one. The 1997 meeting reviewed the progress made toward achieving the goals of the 1994 plan of action by the UNFPA. UNFPA aims to decentralize operations, to play a role in emergency situations, to encourage South-to-South cooperation, to advocate for reproductive rights, and to promote gender equity and women's empowerment. The meeting discussed UNFPA's role in reproductive health, population and development strategies, and advocacy in detail. Participants agreed that there were signs of fertility decline in Africa. Countries are beginning to adopt a reproductive health and rights approach and to address female genital mutilation as a human and reproductive right's issue. Population policies are being changed to include ICPD goals. 32 countries adopted new programs in 1996 and 1997, that integrated the 1994 strategies and selectively focused on issues of concern. Partnerships confirm that population issues are becoming an agenda for all. The major challenge ahead is the mobilization of resources, while dealing with civil strife and political instability.
JOICFP NEWS. 1998 Jul; (289):3.A multisectoral IEC workshop was held in Laos, in May 1998, to conduct a needs assessment of reproductive health IEC materials, to review the IEC Work Plan, and to coordinate implementation of IEC activities. The workshop was organized under the auspices of the Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning and the UN Population Fund's (UNFPA) Reproductive Health (RH) subprogram. This subprogram, which will operate from 1998-2000, is an umbrella for 4 projects that seek: 1) to strengthen RH services through the primary health network, 2) to strengthen RH by emphasizing advocacy and enhancing awareness of gender disparity, 3) to promote RH among adolescents, and 4) to promote formal and informal population, RH, and sexuality education. During the workshop, an UNFPA advisor gave a presentation on the role of IEC in the provision of RH services and a consultant offered recommendations for development of IEC material in Laos, based on a needs assessment conducted in March. In addition, a Technical Advisor from Thailand's Ministry of Health covered training personnel on IEC delivery. An IEC task force will be formed to continue planning and implementation of IEC projects.
POPULATION HEADLINERS. 1998 Mar-Apr; (263):1-2.This article summarizes the recommendations of a high level meeting, to review the implementation of the action plan of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), organized by UNFPA and ESCAP. Participants reviewed the progress to date on plans that were adopted at the 1994 ICPD and included in the Bali Declaration. Participants included delegates from 30 countries in the ESCAP region. Participants recommended that governments adjust their population policies to account for increasing globalization and emerging demographic, economic, and social issues. Governments should cooperate with nongovernmental organizations and international agencies regionally. These meetings should address the consequences of globalization that include high levels of international migration, both legal and illegal. Government should promote activities that strengthen the family and must contend with challenges to new values and roles of family members. The participants made recommendations for achieving the goals of the 1994 ICPD and the Bali Declaration. Youth should receive reproductive health services and become involved in the planning, management, and implementation of youth programs. Governments must also provide the option for full participation of civil society in all stages of development. Participants drafted a resolution seeking greater international funding and a constant flow of domestic resources for programs. Regional diversity is a constraint to unified program efforts. The draft resolution will be voted on at the April 1998 annual meeting. Recommendations will comprise ESCAP input to the preparations for the global ICPD + 5 Meeting scheduled for 1999.
Highlights from the Third Annual Inter-Agency Working Group on FGM Meeting, Cairo, Egypt, November, 1996.
[Unpublished] 1996. 13 p.In November 1996, more than 34 representatives from 20 organizations attended the Third Annual Inter-Agency Working Group meeting on female genital mutilation (FGM) in Cairo, Egypt. After opening remarks by the Chairperson of the Task Force on FGM in Egypt and the Egyptian Under Secretary of the Ministry of Health and Population, other discussions placed FGM in the larger context of women's human rights, reviewed the background of the Global Action Against FGM Project and the goals of the Inter-Agency Working Group, and provided an overview of the activities of RAINBO (Research, Action, and Information Network for Bodily Integrity of Women). A report was then given of a research workshop organized by RAINBO and the Egyptian Task Force on FGM immediately prior to the Working Group meeting. It was noted that data from the recent Demographic and Health Survey revealed an FGM prevalence rate of 97% in Egypt, and areas requiring more research were highlighted. Discussion following this presentation included mention of qualitative methods used in a recent study in Sierra Leone and recent research in the Sudan that led to recommended intervention strategies. During the second day of the Working Group meeting, participants provided a preview of the work of the Egyptian Task Force Against FGM; a description of RAINBO's effort to develop training of trainers reproductive health and FGM materials; and summaries of the work of nongovernmental organizations, private foundations, UN agencies, and bilateral donors. This meeting report ends with a list of participants.
FAMILY PLANNING NEWS. 1996; 12(2):2.This article is based on a speech presented at an International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) seminar to volunteers and staff. The speech was given by the secretary general of the IPPF, Mrs. Ingar Brueggemann. She stressed that complacency was not appropriate. The concepts of sexual and reproductive health need to be implemented. IPPF must act as the conscience of the people and the voice for the underprivileged. IPPF must ensure that governments understand the concept of reproductive health and its importance. IPPF's "Vision 2000" published in 1992 emphasizes the empowerment of women, a focus on youth needs, reductions in unsafe abortion, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, greater attention to safe motherhood, and increased programs in sexual and reproductive health. All women must have the basic right to make free and informed choices regarding their sexual and reproductive health and the satisfaction of unmet need for quality family planning services and sexual and reproductive health services, particularly for the disadvantaged groups in society. Africa has the greatest needs. Estimated maternal mortality is over 600 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The maternal death rate in some countries may be close to 1200 per 100,000 live births. Africa also practices female genital mutilation, and the practice is widespread. Average life expectancy is around 50 years of age. The average African modern contraceptive use rate is about 10%. Botswana, Kenya, and Zimbabwe have recently made progress in rapidly increasing the modern contraceptive use rates. Africa may also have about 66% of the world's HIV/AIDS cases. Funding will be needed to advance programs in sexual and reproductive health. However, the shift of funds from supporting one soldier would pay for the education of 100 children. The cost of one jet fighter would pay for equipping 50,000 village pharmacies.
African Journal of Reproductive Health. 1997 Mar; 1(1):97-9.Since 1994, a series of workshops, held under the auspices of the World Health Organization, has led to creation of an operational network in southern Africa, which would foster rational use of country, regional, and international resources to strengthen national health development in areas of common interest. A recent workshop considered country needs in the development of policies and programs to integrate reproductive health services within primary health care and the need to develop networks to support reproductive health services, training, research, and advocacy. This workshop resulted in the following: 1) endorsement of the concept of reproductive and sexual health; 2) a commitment to foster this understanding of reproductive health at the country level and to identify needs and strategies to address the needs; 3) a recommendation that national authorities adjust existing programs to reflect a reproductive and sexual health perspective; 4) agreement that in-country networking and coordination must be strengthened; 5) a recommendation that global, regional, and national collaboration should increase; and 6) a recommendation that all efforts should be made to strengthen networking. This workshop has resulted in significant reproductive health activity in the region.
SAFE MOTHERHOOD. 1996; (20):10.During a 1994 workshop sponsored by the World Health Organization and the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), participants discussed 1) women's right to family planning information, education, and services; 2) women's right to a choice of options and to voluntary decisions concerning their health; and 3) the link between women's rights and women's health. Participants noted that obstetricians and gynecologists must expand their role to become women's advocates and must insure that women's rights to informed choice and informed consent are protected. Women should participate as equals in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of policies which affect them so that they can make fully informed decisions. The workshop produced the following recommendations: 1) FIGO should discourage practices that abuse women's rights to information and education on the procedures and treatments they face; 2) adolescents should receive reproductive health information, counseling, and services; 3) obstetricians and gynecologists should be trained in communication and counseling skills; and 4) national societies of obstetricians and gynecologists should encourage the provision of comprehensive reproductive health services, discourage female genital mutilation, and encourage provision of counseling for female victims of violence.
UNFPA COUNTRY SUPPORT TEAM FOR EAST AND SOUTH-EAST ASIA NEWSLETTER. 1996 Aug; 4(2):11-2.This news brief identifies workshops and meetings related to the implementation of the ICPD Program of Action in Thailand and some changes in Thai policy and program direction. The 8th National Economic and Social Development Plan for 1997-2001 uses a people-centered human development approach. The Plan emphasizes extending compulsory primary education to 9 years for all children initially and eventually to 12 years. The second major change is to accelerate the extension of primary health care in rural areas and to carry out a Five-Year National AIDS Prevention and Control plan. The new Plan aims to promote family planning in target groups with high fertility, to improve the quality of family planning methods and services, to promote small family size among target groups, to improve quality of life and community self-sufficiency, to promote family planning as a means of ensuring healthy children and improved quality of life, and to promote the development of agricultural industry in rural areas. The government priority will be to develop rural areas, the skills of rural residents, and small and medium sized cities, in order to slow the flow of migration from rural to large urban areas. Local administration will be upgraded and directed to solving environmental problems. The Plan aims to expand social services and to train rural people to meet the needs of the labor market. Several workshops and seminars were conducted during 1995 and 1996 that related to reproductive health and reproductive rights. In 1994, and shortly following the ICPD, Thailand government officials, members of nongovernmental groups, UN representatives, and media staff participated in seminars on the implementation of the ICPD Plan of Action in Thailand and seminars on Thailand's population and development program.
JOICFP NEWS. 1996 Feb; (260):5.The UNFPA-supported project on development and distribution of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials in support of improving women's health and status was evaluated at a workshop held in Tokyo in December 13-15, 1995. The 1992-95 cycle of the project was analyzed by experts from Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines, and Vietnam plus three experts from the UNFPA/Country Support Team. The workshop also made it possible for the experts to identify needs as well as effective utilization of existing IEC materials. It was suggested that a nongovernmental organization be established for the distribution and effective use of these materials. The workshop mostly reviewed the print and audiovisual materials. Videos were also evaluated. The materials were found useful for the targeted region. Among other subregional issues it was noted that youth needs were inadequately addressed as they related to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), unwanted pregnancy, risk of maternal mortality and morbidity, low birth weight, and premature birth. Although the women of the region comprise one-third of the world's population, 70% of the global annual maternal mortality of 500,000 occurs in the subregion. IEC materials should also target adolescents and their support groups. Other needs were also outlined: the expansion of educational opportunities for women, the promotion of employment, the involvement of men, and the training of personnel. The strategies used in the cycle helped strengthen self-reliance through information and experience sharing. The focus on women should be continued with more attention paid to adolescents and young adults, including males. Women's health issues should be expanded to include menopause, reproductive tract infections, STDs, HIV/AIDS prevention, and legal rights including abortion. The production of IEC materials should be identified through research and analysis of existing materials, focus group discussions, or field visits.
The role of the organized sector in reproductive health and AIDS prevention. Report of a tripartite workshop for Anglophone Africa held in Kampala, Uganda, 29 November - 1 December 1994.
Geneva, Switzerland, ILO, 1995. vi, 138 p.About 100 people from various businesses, organizations, and governmental agencies attended the Tripartite Workshop for Anglophone Africa on the Role of the Organized Sector in Reproductive Health and AIDS Prevention held in Kampala, Uganda, in late 1994. Papers presented addressed the current extent of the AIDS epidemic, factors affecting the spread of AIDS in Africa, the impact of AIDS, stigmatization and human rights issues, experiences of the organized sector, and lessons learned by various groups. Lessons learned covered the cost-effectiveness of enterprise AIDS prevention programs, program sustainability, design of educational programs, counseling and support services, and family planning and AIDS programs. Four general papers were presented, ranging from socioeconomic effects of AIDS for African societies and for the organized sector to the role of the organized sector in the national multi-sectoral strategy for the AIDS control, e.g., Uganda. Employers' organizations presenting a paper were the Federation of Uganda Employers, the Zambia Federation of Employers, and the Employers' Confederation of Zimbabwe. Trade unions represented in presentations included the Organization of African Trade Union Unity, the Zambia Congress of Trade Unions, the Zimbabwean Confederation of Trade Unions, and the Sudan Workers Trade Unions Federation. The British American Tobacco Uganda Ltd, the Uganda Commercial Bank, and Ubombo Ranches Ltd gave presentations on their AIDS prevention programs for workers. The program director for the population and family welfare program of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security in Zambia discussed what this program is doing to confront AIDS. The conclusions of the four working groups are included in the annexes. These groups examined reasons why the organized sector might become involved in reproductive health and AIDS programs, the design and implementation of such educational programs within businesses, development and implementation of business policies related to AIDS, and care and support services within enterprises.
JOICFP NEWS. 1994 Jan; (235):1.An Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) Workshop for the Production of Video Script on Women's Health was organized by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and JOICFP and held in Japan from November 29, through December 4, 1993. It produced 4 different prototypes for use in Asia that reflected the range of women's health issues and cultural differences involved. Representatives of family planning (FP) associations and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), IEC experts, and health officials from both government and NGOs attended. Dr. Shizuko Sasaki spoke about various legal issues of women's health in Japan, while Colleen Cording spoke concerning the impact of social and policy changes on women's lives and health in New Zealand. Participants were then divided into 4 groups for discussion of target populations and their needs. 4 sets of illustrations were designed to stimulate discussion by instructors and were presented with 10-15 min scripts. The 4 videos included Christie and Me, Proud to Be a Girl, One Day at the Beach, and Happy to Be Me. The 1st film features a uterus as narrator who explains menstruation, sexually transmitted disease (STD), and contraception; the 2nd focuses on positive self images for girls; the 3rd, on a range of sexual topics discussed during a couple's seaside stroll; and the 4th, on a woman's love of self and cycle of life from puberty to old age. Participants are expected to produce similar material with adaptations to their specific countries from these prototypes. Participants also discussed their experiences in women's health education and methods of distributing and marketing educational materials.
Paris, France, Centre International de l'Enfance, 1992. 96 p.The risk-taking and sexual experimentation norms of adolescence place adolescents at risk of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases of increasing prevalence. Young people experience high rates of unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion, and others prostitute themselves and/or are sexually abused by adults and/or peers. While it is imperative that the reproductive and sexual health needs of youths be addressed and met, most societies around the world fail to meet service demand. Moreover, adults typically fail to convey clear and unbiased messages to adolescents about sexuality. Adolescents need to be empowered to make their own decisions about their individual sexuality. Messages and care about sexuality should realistically endorse sex as a natural and enjoyable part of life. A 4-day workshop on youth and sexuality was jointly organized by the French Foundation International Children Center (CIE), the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). It was held as a forum in which experiences from projects involving or addressing youths in various countries with different economic, cultural, and religious environments and in various settings could be shared and analyzed. It is hoped that workshops proceedings will ultimately help in the development of strategies to expand and improve services for youths worldwide. This publication of workshop proceedings includes abridged versions of the 14 papers presented, main issues addressed in the plenary and working group discussions, participant recommendations, and open questions which will require further research in the future. Youth, culture, and sexuality, baseline research, service delivery, sexuality education, evaluation, and policy issues of program development are considered, followed by a description of the organizations and a participant list. Authors may be contacted directly for additional information should the reader be so inclined. Furthermore, CIE, IPPF, and GTZ invite reader feedback on the publication.
IAP-IPA-WHO-UNICEF Workshop on Strategies and Approaches for Women's Health, Child Health and Family Planning for the Decade of Nineties, 22nd-23rd January 1991, Hyderabad.
INDIAN PEDIATRICS. 1991 Dec; 28(12):1481-2.In 1991, health professionals attended a workshop to develop strategies and approaches for women's health, child health, and family planning for the 1990s in Hyderabad, India. The Ministry of Health (MOH) of India should improve and strengthen existing health facilities, manpower, materials, and supplies. It should not continue vertical programs dedicated to 1 disease or a few problems. Instead it should integrate programs. The government must stop allocating more funds to family planning services than to MCH services. It should equally appropriate funds to family planning, family welfare, and MCH. The MOH should implement task force recommendations on minimum prenatal care (1982) and maternal mortality (1987) to strengthen prenatal care, delivery services, and newborn care. Health workers must consider newborns as individuals and allot them their own bed in the hospital. All district and city hospitals should have an intermediate or Level II care nursery to improve neonatal survival. In addition, the country has the means to improve child health services. The most effective means to improve health services and community utilization is training all health workers, revision of basic curricula, and strengthen existing facilities. Family planning professionals should use couple protection time rather than couple protection rate. The should also target certain contraceptives to specific age groups. Mass media can disseminate information to bring about behavioral and social change such as increasing marriage age. Secondary school teachers should teach sex education. Health professionals must look at the total female instead of child, adolescent, pregnant woman, and reproductive health. Integrated Child Development Services should support MCH programs. Operations research should be used to evaluate the many parts of MCH programs. The government needs to promote community participation in MCH services.