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In: Male participation in family planning. A review of programme approaches in the Africa Region. Papers presented at a workshop on male participation, Banjul, The Gambia, 25-28 November 1991, edited by Kirstan Hawkins. London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF], 1992 Sep. 3-5.The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) agreed to organize a workshop on male participation in family planning (FP) in 1991 in Banjul, the Gambia, because after 20-30 years of experience in managing FP programs there is still uncertainty concerning the transmission of FP messages to men. The workshop strove to find answers to some questions: the impact of FP programs over this period of time; the causes of low (15%) contraceptive prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa; how to increase contraceptive availability in periurban and rural areas; how to reduce the gap between knowledge and the practice of contraception; how to meet the ever-increasing demand for FP among young people; and how to develop culturally sensitive approaches to FP delivery. The IPPF Africa Region is targeting women in reproductive age, young people, and men as community and policy makers with IEC messages. The delivery of information is diversified. Special projects also need to be integrated into the regular work program: AIDS prevention, women's development projects, male involvement, and youth projects. Male participation in AIDS prevention is a must in view of the fact that 75.8% of HIV infections will be occurring in the developing world by the year 2000. Men must be made more aware of their role and responsibility in FP. FP programs could be made more effective through 1) promotion of female education, 2) expansion of FP services, 3) adoption and implementation of laws to protect and promote women's status, 4) continuing education of men about their responsibilities towards women and children, and 5) building alliances with social organizations, women's groups, and trade unions.