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Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus. GDF / MSH Drug Management Consultant Training Workshop in Vietnam: trip report.
Arlington, Virginia, Management Sciences for Health [MSH], Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus, 2005 Nov 11. 12 p. (USAID Development Experience Clearinghouse DocID / Order No: PD-ACH-076; USAID Cooperative Agreement No. HRN-A-00-00-00016-00)More than eight million people become sick with Tuberculosis (TB) each year. TB continues to be a major international killer disease because of poor access to effective high quality medicines, irrational treatment decisions and behaviors, and counterproductive financial priorities by some national health systems that impede progress. Access to TB medicines is becoming less of a problem as both first and second-line TB treatments are made available to developing countries through global initiatives such as the Global TB Drug Facility (GDF) and the Green Light Committee (GLC) of the World Health Organization's (WHO) Stop TB department in Geneva. Since 2001 Management Sciences for Health (MSH) through the USAID-funded Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus (RPM Plus) program has collaborated with Stop TB to promote better overall TB drug management by GDF and GLC secretariats and by national TB control programs. RPM Plus activities include technical assistance to the GDF and the GLC to develop program monitoring tools, conduct TB program monitoring missions to recipient countries of GDF drugs, audits of monitoring missions conducted by partner organizations and training workshops on TB pharmaceutical management. GDF and GLC secretariats operate with minimal staffs and both depend greatly on partner organizations to carry out the necessary in-country work to make sure TB medicines are received, distributed and used according to guidelines. The number of countries receiving GDF and GLC support is ever increasing requiring even more assistance from partner organizations like MSH/RPM Plus. (excerpt)
Working in partnership to boost reproductive health commodity security. [Trabajar en sociedad para mejorar la seguridad de los productos de salud reproductiva]
Population 2005. 2004 Sep-Oct; 6(3):10-11.As USAID, through its sub-contracted American NGO John Snow Incorporated (JSI), continues to phase out support to developing countries for reproductive health commodities— contraceptives and essential drugs—the UN Population Fund and interested donor bodies are concerned with how best to marshal and direct commodity assistance for the future. The current focus is on nine countries in the Latin American region: Bolivia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Peru. To ensure a smooth transition and to help these countries to eventually achieve reproductive health commodity security, or RHCS, USAID and JSI are working closely with partners, including UNFPA, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the World Bank. (excerpt)
Proceedings of the Workshop on Strategies for Implementation of Rajasthan Population Policy, Jaipur, January 20, 2000.
Jaipur, India, Rajasthan State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Population Resource Centre, 2000. xiv, 50 p.The living standards of the people of the state can be improved only by formulating and implementing a policy that will effect appropriate changes in the size, structure and distribution of population. The Population Policy of Rajasthan indicates the qualitative demographic goals to be achieved, within a defined time frame and states the proposed interventions and innovations to achieve the specified goals. However, the strategy for implementation must have the active involvement of all stakeholders. A national workshop on developing strategies was held simultaneously with the release of the Policy. This report, which is the proceedings of the workshop, provides insight into the implementation of the Policy. (author's)
WHO / CDC / USAID community-based TB care project in Africa: protocol development workshop, Entebbe, Uganda, 11-21 November 1996. WHO Report.
[Unpublished] 1996. Issued by World Health Organization [WHO]. 12,  p. (WHO/TB/96.219)The protocol development workshop held on November 11-21, 1996, in Entebbe, Uganda, focuses on "Community-based Tuberculosis (TB) Care Operational Research (OR)" project in Africa as part of the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP). Such protocol development was initiated by country participants through presentation of international TB experts, group and plenary discussions and group work guided by mentor. Issues highlighted in the development of OR protocols include: importance of the existence of effective NTP in the chosen project sites; integration of OR development and implementation in NTP activities; significance of describing and evaluating the process of developing community contribution to TB care; comparison between outcomes in an intervention population and control population; and variation of community group involved in TB care in chosen project sites and countries. After the workshop, the participants agreed to pursue follow-up actions such as further development of OR protocols by country groups, visits of mentor to countries, development of Terms of Reference for the Center for Disease Control and Prevention for health educationalist; and assessment of protocols for funding.
Defining future U.S. PVO agendas: building capacity in partnership with indigenous groups responding to the AIDS pandemic. Proceedings from the 1993 Annual National Council for International Health PVO / AIDS Workshop, June 24-25, 1993, Arlington, Virginia.
Washington, D.C., National Council for International Health, 1994. , 60 p.The National Council for International Health (NCIH), in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins HIV/AIDS Prevention in Africa Support Program, hosted the NCIH Private Voluntary Organizations (PVOs)/AIDS workshop entitled "Defining Future PVO Agendas: Building Capacity in Partnership with Indigenous Groups Responding to the AIDS Pandemic," in Arlington, Virginia, on June 24-25, 1993. Funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) with support from the Rockefeller Foundation, the workshop's purpose was to explore the partnership potential between US-based PVOs and indigenous nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic in developing countries. Participants comprised 30 PVOs and over 30 indigenous and international NGOs, foundations, and bilateral and multilateral agencies. The framework for the 2-day workshop included presentations on the role of NGOs in providing health care, defining and establishing partnerships, and the grassroots perspective on the possibility of true partnership. In addition, panel discussions and working groups addressed donor perspectives on partnership and the needs of indigenous organizations, mechanisms of organizational support through partnership, the operationalization of PVO/NGO collaborative efforts, and partnership effectiveness.
Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Perspectives and Prospects, April 20-21, 1998, Paris, France.
Washington, D.C., World Bank, Social Development Department, Post-Conflict Unit, 1998 Aug. 44 p.As part of a global workshop series on the transition from war to peace, the World Bank Post-Conflict Unit, in collaboration with the World Bank's Paris Office, held a workshop focusing on conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction in Paris, France, April 20-21, 1998. The meeting involved two distinct but interrelated efforts to bring together existing thinking about the area of post-conflict reconstruction. The first day was dedicated to exploring ways that development assistance and private investment can address the root causes of conflict. The second day of the Paris conference was planned as a follow-up to an October 1997 conference sponsored by the US Agency for International Development's Office of Transition Initiatives. The 1997 conference brought together donor agencies' newly-created post-conflict offices, with the aim of gaining a clearer vision of how governments and multilateral organizations are moving forward to address the operational needs that have emerged since the end of the Cold War.
Sustainability of the FP-MCH program of NGOs in Bangladesh. Future Search Workshop, July 15-18, 1995, Centre for Development Management, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh.
Dhaka, Bangladesh, Pathfinder International, 1995. , 38, 51 p. (USAID Cooperative Agreement No. 388-0071-A-00-7082-10)This report summarizes the activities of a workshop held July 15-18, 1995, in Bangladesh, on the sustainability of Bangladesh's family planning/maternal-child health (FP/MCH) program among nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). The workshop included representatives of the FP/MCH program, donor agencies, USAID cooperating agencies (CAs), NGOs, family planning clients, and technical experts (64 individuals). The aim was to determine a common vision of sustainability by 2010; to identify common features of this vision; and to identify Action Plans that stakeholders might adopt to ensure the actualization of the vision. The report includes a summary, introduction, objectives, inaugural session notes, technical presentations on USAID's vision, lessons learned from sustainability initiatives in Latin America, sustainability planning approaches and tools, and a future search workshop on sustainability. Stakeholders' evaluations of the workshop were listed in about 16 different statements. The appendices include the agenda, the list of participants, the national vision, USAID's vision, lessons learned from international settings and applicability to Bangladesh, tools to help plan for sustainability, and the workshop evaluation form. Many of the lessons learned were applicable to Bangladesh, with the exception of the question of appropriateness of charging all clients. The Quality-Expansion-Sustainability Management Information System and Management Development Assessment Tool were developed with staff from USAID's CAs in Bangladesh. Eight stakeholders participated in the Future Search Workshop and prepared Action Plans which are included in the appendix. The main features were lower donor dependency, community participation, and cost recovery. Promising features included quality of care, income generation, women's empowerment, collaboration, strengthening management skills, and endowment funds.
Summary report of: Updating Service Delivery Guidelines and Practices: a Workshop on Recent Recommendations and Experiences, Guatemala City, Guatemala, March 6, 1995.
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, Family Health International [FHI], 1995 Aug. , 26 p. (MAQ: Maximizing Access and Quality)In March 1995, Family Health International (FHI), JHPIEGO Corporation, and seven collaborating agencies hosted an international workshop in Guatemala City so 60 family planning specialists from 23 countries could discuss how national guidelines for the use of contraceptives can be developed and implemented that are universally agreed upon and accepted. This workshop was held because a key obstacle of achieving high-quality family planning services is the lack of such guidelines. The participants reviewed the international recommendations developed by USAID and the World Health Organization (WHO). They also discussed the merits of the guidelines principle and learned from the pioneering countries in this initiative. The pioneering countries were presented in Session II as country case studies and included Mexico, Tanzania, and Turkey. The first session addressed the international initiative to update service delivery guidelines and practices, specifically how medical barriers stand in the way, and the WHO and USAID guidance documents. Session III involved working groups on contraception for young adults, contraception in postpartum care, contraception in postabortion care, progestin-only methods, and client perspectives. Participants suggested that the workshop be adapted into an easily replicated format to introduce the guidelines worldwide. The next step would be to translate the documents into national guidelines and convert them into changes in practice. One way would be to publish training materials for all levels of family planning providers. JHPIEGO has already published a user-friendly pocket guide in five languages to simplify the USAID and WHO documents. FHI has developed Contraceptive Technology Modules to educate policymakers and providers on the latest scientific information. JHPIEGO and FHI have created expert slides to accompany the modules.
GLIMPSE. 1994 Sep-Oct; 16(5):4.A workshop was held on 28 September 1994 at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) to share the lessons learned on door step delivery of injectable contraceptives in eight rural thanas in Bangladesh. The workshop was organized jointly by the Directorate of Family Planning, Government of Bangladesh (GOB) and the maternal-child health-family planning (MCH-FP) Extension Project (Rural) of ICDDR,B. A total of 150 participants from the Centre, the national family planning program, different NGOs, and donor agencies attended the workshop. The Minister for Health and Family Welfare, GOB, inaugurated the function as the chief guest. The director of the MCH-FP Extension Project (Rural) welcomed the guests. The Secretary of the Ministry thanked the Centre for its role in the national family planning program, and reiterated that the extension project is a collaborative project of the GOB and the Centre. The Minister emphasized that the population boom is a major problem of the nation. He thanked the Centre for helping the government in seeking solutions to this problem. The UNFPA Country Director expressed his happiness about the implementation and progress of the injectable contraceptive project. David Piet of USAID recommended that equal attention be given to all family planning methods, and not just to injectables. Also, he emphasized the quality of care and the sustainability of the method. The Director General of the Directorate of Family Planning thanked the implementors of this program at different levels for their contribution, and expressed his satisfaction over the activities of the project. The director of the Centre said that the Centre was proud to be involved in this project with the Bangladesh government. He thanked the donor agencies for supporting the Centre in providing family planning services to the nation.
Q.A. REPORTS. 1993 Jun; 1-2.The Quality Assurance Project (GAP) has collaborated with CARE-Guatemala to carry out a unique application of quality assurance methods to public health promotion. CARE asked GAP to analyze the problem of inadequate latrine use among those rural communities served the CARE's water and sanitation project. GAP used a quality design techniques known as quality function deployment (QFD), which originated in Japanese industry, and considers client preferences at the product design stage. The method users matrices to compare products and to explore the relationships between a product's technical components and the user's needs and preferences. In September, 1992, GAP led a workshop for CARE and Ministry of Health staff showing the application of a simplified QFD approach by a flow chart. The group listed five priority quality characteristics for the optimal latrine: easy to clean, safe for children, allows for corn cob use, not scary to sit on, and does not smell bad. Then competing products were consideration; the latrine, the open field, and the flush latrine. Measurements were used to score each products: 1) the rate of improvement required; 2) determination of the key features for latrine promotion; and 3) the calculation of absolute and demanded quality weight. During the workshop, a water and sanitation expert presented an overview of various latrine designs from around the world and their respective worth and disadvantages. A spirited discussion made it clear that insufficient health education promoting the use of latrines was not the only factor that contributed to low utilization rates. Areas of high correlation indicated a priority area for redesign. The chart revealed a strong relationship between the toilet seat and children's safety. Guatemalan Ministry officials and USAID are considering future use of QFD in their latrine design efforts. This exercise helped them to explore user attitudes and their implications for technical design.