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  1. 1

    Natural resources committee calls for global water plan - UN Committee on Natural Resources second session, Feb 22-Mar 4, 1994 addresses water management and sustenance if mineral resources.

    UN Chronicle. 1994 Jun; 31(2):[2] p..

    A worldwide plan to avert an impending global water crisis was called for by the Committee on Natural Resources at its second session (22 February-4 March, New York). The strategy should define specific areas of priority to diminish significantly by the year 2010 the threat to freshwater resources, the 24-member expert body said in asking the UN Commission on Sustainable Development to undertake that task. "Water shortages are becoming a common occurrence in industrialized and developing countries alike", stated a report examined by the Committee. "The world may be reaching a water crisis situation of global proportions." The Committee also asked Governments to establish a dynamic and multisectoral approach to water resources management, including assessing and protecting potential sources of freshwater. As for mineral resources--another major concern--the Committee wanted the Commission to forge a dialogue between the UN system and the international mining industry to develop new approaches to ensure a sustainable supply of mineral resources. Workshops on mineral resource assessment projects were recommended. A report was asked on key advances in state-of-the-art technologies to minimize environmental degradation resulting from mining and related processing. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Report of the National Seminar on Environment and Sustainable Development, Aden, 25-27 February 1989.

    Democratic Yemen; United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]

    [Unpublished] 1989. iv, 131 p.

    The 1989 final report on the environment and sustainable development includes a summary of events an a summary of types of participants in attendance. The purpose of the seminar was to provide senior national experts, policy makers, planners, and executives (in conjunction with UN representatives) with a forum for examination of issues and to propose recommendations and solutions. The level of awareness must be raised among officials and the public. Policy instruments and action must be identified in order to contribute to sustainable growth and the alleviation of poverty. The principle components of a national environmental strategy were to be outlined. The National Council for Environmental Protection needed to be reactivated. After the opening statements, the topics included in this presentation were the organization and agenda for 5 working groups, development projects and environmental considerations, environmental legislation and institutions, marine and coastal areas environment and resources, environmental awareness and education and human resources, policies and future trends, the seminar declaration and recommendations, and closing statements. The full text is provided for the opening statements, the closing statements, and the background papers. Lists of additional background papers and the seminar steering committee members are also given. The seminar declaration referred to the interlocking crises of development, environment, and energy. Population growth threatens world survival, particularly in the poorest countries. Expected economic growth will further deplete environmental resources and contribute to pollution. The world is bound together by these concerns. International debt forces poor countries to overexploit resources and destroy their production base. Developing countries are still in economic disarray. Economic reform hasn't worked for poor countries, and the resource gap is widening between countries. The answer is sustainable development, which is based on an equitable and rational exploitation of natural resources. International cooperation and peace must be strengthened dialogue and understanding and support for the UN.
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  3. 3
    Peer Reviewed

    Population, natural resources and development. Recognition of the problems: a step in the direction of solving them.

    Lindahl-Kiessling K; Landberg H

    AMBIO. 1992 Feb; 21(1):4-5.

    A brief summary is provided of international efforts related to the issues of population growth and limitation. The 1970s is remembered as the time the UN Expert Group on Population and the Environment met in Stockholm (1973) and the first UN Conference on Population took place in Bucharest (1974). The 1980s marked the second World Conference on Population, the UN Expert Group meeting in Geneva, and publication of the Brundtland report, "Our Common Future." The 1990s saw the Earth Summit, which brought together a variety of professional to discuss the issues of population, the environment, and development. The UN conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992 included the issue of population due to the efforts of representatives of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research. These representatives discovered that population issues were not included in the conference agenda and felt strongly that all essential global issues needed to be addressed. Within the time available, the conference agenda was set to overcome interdisciplinary problems and to engage in scientific discussion of essential issues. The goal was also to present scientific information in a way that was suitable for political audiences. There was to be comprehensive analysis and a set of recommendations which addressed linkages between population, the environment, and development. Success was achieved in maintaining open, positive, and searching debate among the economists, ecologists, sociologists, demographers, and others in attendance. There was no direct confrontation or territorial dispute. The Conference Statement generated a comprehensive analysis and wide reaching proposals for future action. The next Conference on Population and Development is scheduled for 1994. The environment will be firmly on the agenda, and the primary focus will be the human population and its future.
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