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  1. 1

    Road-mapping a total market approach: Eastern Europe and Central Asia Workshops.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]; PATH

    Seattle, Washington, PATH, 2013 Apr. [24] p.

    To meet the challenge of sustaining reproductive health commodity security in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the United Nations Population Fund and PATH developed workshops to increase awareness about total market approaches and develop an action plan for the region. This report describes two regional workshops that were held in April 2013.
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  2. 2

    Road-mapping a total market approach for family planning and reproductive health commodity security. Workshop materials.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]; PATH

    Seattle, Washington, PATH, 2013. [40] p.

    To meet the challenge of sustaining reproductive health commodity security in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the United Nations Population Fund and PATH developed workshops to increase awareness about total market approaches and develop an action plan for the region. These workshop materials are from two regional workshops that were held in April 2013.
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  3. 3

    Supporting gender justice in Afghanistan: opportunities and challenges.

    Mantovani A

    [Unpublished] 2004. Presented at the Conference on Gender Justice in Post-Conflict Situations, "Peace Needs Women and Women Need Justice”. Co-organized by the United Nations Development Fund for Women [UNIFEM] and the International Legal Assistance Consortium. New York, New York, September 15-17, 2004. 8 p.

    For 25 years war raged in Afghanistan, destroying both the institutional fiber of the country and its justice system. Even in the period before the wars, the justice system had only managed to impose itself sporadically. Disputes that arose had to be resolved, for the most part, through informal religious or tribal systems. However acceptable some of the main laws may have been technically, they were offset by various factors: the poor training of judges, lawyers and other legal workers; decaying infrastructures; and ignorance of the law and basic rights by common citizens and even the judges themselves. The prison system had suffered even greater damages. Its infrastructure and organization were in ruins. Today enormous efforts have been mobilized to build a fair and functioning system that is respectful of human rights and international standards. It will take years for the Afghan government and people to do the job-with the help of the international community. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Indoor air pollution and child health in Pakistan: report of a seminar held at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan, 29 September 2005.

    Khan TA; Zaidi AK

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2006. 29 p.

    Indoor air pollution (IAP) is one of the major risk factors for pneumonia related morbidity and death in children world-wide. It is also associated with other adverse health outcomes in children such as low birth weight and chronic bronchitis, and with lung cancer, cataract and possibly cardiovascular disease in adults. Biomass fuel (wood, crop residues, animal dung) which is being used in four fifths of all households in Pakistan is the major source of IAP when it is burned for cooking, space heating and lighting homes. Biomass is mostly burned in inefficient three-stone stoves leading to incomplete combustion and high levels of indoor air concentration of smoke. There is a dearth of scientific studies in Pakistan to relate IAP to health effects; consequently IAP is not a recognized environmental hazard at policy level. A one day seminar was held at The Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi, to raise awareness of household energy issues, indoor air pollution and its effect on child health. Participants discussed global evidence regarding health impacts of IAP, the role of energy utilization in alleviation of poverty, and possible interventions to improve child health outcomes in the context of sustainable development. The seminar was attended by over 400 participants from a wide range of organizations including NGOs involved with dissemination of fuel efficient stoves and health education, policy makers, international agencies and funding bodies. Presentations ranged from topics related to the situation of indoor air pollution and household energy issues globally and in Pakistan, to local initiatives such as fuel-efficient stoves and promotion of liquefied petroleum gas. Fuel-efficient stoves and cooking devices used by various non-governmental organizations in Pakistan were displayed in a related exhibition. During the final session, participants developed follow-up action points to raise awareness about indoor air pollution in Pakistan and develop locally acceptable and sustainable solutions. The event was covered in the press, television and radio. The seminar was followed by a three day workshop for 20 participants from selected NGOs and academic institutions to develop proposals for research projects for selected sites to document the impact of interventions on air pollution on child health and social and economic circumstances of households. (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    Guidelines for adaptation of the WHO Orientation Programme on Adolescent Health for Health Care Providers in Europe and Central Asia.

    Brann C

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], Division for Arab States, Europe and Central Asia, 2006. 25 p.

    The Orientation Programme on Adolescent Health for Health Care Providers (OP) was developed by the Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, WHO in 2003. The aim of the OP is to orient health care providers to the special characteristics of adolescence and to appropriate approaches in addressing some adolescent-specific health needs and problems. The OP aims to strengthen the abilities of the health care providers to respond to adolescents more effectively and with greater sensitivity. The OP can significantly contribute to building national and regional capacity on adolescent health and development. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    Forms and patterns of social discrimination in Nepal: a report.

    Pandey TR; Mishra S; Chemjong D; Pokhrel S; Rawal N

    Kathmandu, Nepal, UNESCO, 2006. [126] p. (UNESCO Kathmandu Series of Monographs and Working Papers No. 8; KAT-SHS-2006/01)

    Socio-cultural diversity is one of the important features of Nepalese society. Its people are categorized into a number of caste groups as well as ethnic communities. They possess different types of cultural traditions and assume different levels of economic standing. In view of these diversities, public debates in Nepal have raised the issue that these different types of social categories share the opportunities and privileges available in this society differentially. Given this, this report aims to: highlight the existing forms and patterns of social discrimination experienced by people of Nepal, as they occur, on the grounds of their caste, ethnicity, gender, and religion-based identities, draw attention to the difference types of social discrimination experienced by people of the aforementioned social categories, and discover the variations of social discrimination among people, as they occur, in terms of their class-based position within these social categories. (excerpt)
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  7. 7

    Learning by inquiry: sexual and reproductive health field experiences from CARE in Asia.

    Fletcher G; Magar V; Noij F

    Atlanta, Georgia, CARE, 2005 Jun. 32 p. (Sexual and Reproductive Health Working Paper Series No. 1)

    In other words, keep digging below the surface. Getting rid of a thorny plant means digging right to the roots; it is not enough to just cut back the branches! But sometimes, fears of "getting it wrong" and other work pressures can leave staff unsure of how to deal with questions like: What do we really know about what is happening at field level? Do our project designs really achieve their intended effect? Why are we implementing projects this way? How do social and personal relationships in and around the project work? Who holds what power? Are we contributing enough to the creation of positive change in people's lives? How could we do more? These are not easy questions - and there are no simple answers. But by asking such questions throughout the project cycle, and looking for answers and amending work as a result, staff can increase project impact. Making one set of changes, however, is not enough. Staff must keep asking questions. Do the changes work? If so, who do they benefit? How? Where is the power now? Have inequities changed? And what else can be done to create greater change in people's lives? This approach is often referred to as "reflective learning," or learning by inquiry. It is closely linked with organizational learning. (excerpt)
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  8. 8
    Peer Reviewed

    Cluster randomised trial of an active, multifaceted educational intervention based on the WHO Reproductive Health Library to improveobstetric practices.

    Gulmezoglu AM; Langer A; Piaggio G; Lumbiganon P; Villar J

    BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2007 Jan; 114(1):16-23.

    We conducted a trial to evaluate the effect of an active, multifaceted educational strategy to promote the use of the WHO Reproductive Health Library (RHL) on obstetric practices. Design: Cluster randomised trial. The trial was assigned the International Standardised Randomised Controlled Trial Number ISRCTN14055385. Settings: Twenty-two hospitals in Mexico City and 18 in the Northeast region of Thailand. The intervention consisted primarily of three interactive workshops using RHL over a period of 6 months. The focus of the workshops was to provide access to knowledge and enable its use. A computer and support for using both the computer and RHL were provided at each hospital. The control hospitals did not receive any intervention. The main outcome measures were changes in ten selected clinical practices as recommended in RHL starting approximately four to six months after the third workshop. Clinical practice data were collected at each hospital from 1000 consecutively delivered women or for a 6-month period whichever was reached sooner. The active, multifaceted educational intervention we employed did not affect the ten targeted practices in a consistent and substantive way. Iron/folate supplementation, uterotonic use after birth and breastfeeding on demand were already frequently practiced, and we were unable to measure external cephalic version. Of the remaining six practices, selective, as opposed to routine episiotomy policy increased in the intervention group (difference in adjusted mean rate = 5.3%; 95% CI -0.1 to 10.7%) in Thailand, and there was a trend towards an increased use of antibiotics at caesarean section in Mexico (difference in adjusted mean rate = 19.0%; 95% CI: -8.0 to 46.0%). There were no differences in the use of labour companionship, magnesium sulphate use for eclampsia, corticosteroids for women delivering before 34 weeks and vacuum extraction. RHL awareness (24.8- 65.5% in Mexico and 33.9-83.3% in Thailand) and use (4.8-34.9% in Mexico and 15.5-76.4% in Thailand) increased substantially after the intervention in both countries. The multifaceted, active strategy to provide health workers with the knowledge and skills to use RHL to improve their practice led to increased access to and use of RHL, however, no consistent or substantive changes in clinical practices were detected within 4-6 months after the third workshop. (author's)
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  9. 9

    Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus. GDF / MSH Drug Management Consultant Training Workshop in Vietnam: trip report.

    Moore T

    Arlington, Virginia, Management Sciences for Health [MSH], Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus, 2005 Nov 11. 12 p. (USAID Development Experience Clearinghouse DocID / Order No: PD-ACH-076; USAID Cooperative Agreement No. HRN-A-00-00-00016-00)

    More than eight million people become sick with Tuberculosis (TB) each year. TB continues to be a major international killer disease because of poor access to effective high quality medicines, irrational treatment decisions and behaviors, and counterproductive financial priorities by some national health systems that impede progress. Access to TB medicines is becoming less of a problem as both first and second-line TB treatments are made available to developing countries through global initiatives such as the Global TB Drug Facility (GDF) and the Green Light Committee (GLC) of the World Health Organization's (WHO) Stop TB department in Geneva. Since 2001 Management Sciences for Health (MSH) through the USAID-funded Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus (RPM Plus) program has collaborated with Stop TB to promote better overall TB drug management by GDF and GLC secretariats and by national TB control programs. RPM Plus activities include technical assistance to the GDF and the GLC to develop program monitoring tools, conduct TB program monitoring missions to recipient countries of GDF drugs, audits of monitoring missions conducted by partner organizations and training workshops on TB pharmaceutical management. GDF and GLC secretariats operate with minimal staffs and both depend greatly on partner organizations to carry out the necessary in-country work to make sure TB medicines are received, distributed and used according to guidelines. The number of countries receiving GDF and GLC support is ever increasing requiring even more assistance from partner organizations like MSH/RPM Plus. (excerpt)
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  10. 10

    Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus. WHO Biregional Workshop on Monitoring, Training and Planning (MTP) for Improving Rational Use of Medicines, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, December 14-16, 2005: trip report.

    Walkowiak H

    Arlington, Virginia, Management Sciences for Health [MSH], Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus, 2006 Jan 23. 53 p. (USAID Development Experience Clearinghouse DocID / Order No: PD-ACH-511; USAID Cooperative Agreement No. HRN-A-00-00-00016-00)

    The workshop on Monitoring, Training and Planning (MTP) for Improving Rational Use of Medicines was convened jointly by two World Health Organization (WHO) regional offices -- for the Western Pacific (WPRO) and South East Asia (SEARO). Recognizing that the problem-focused strategy of MTP has been field-tested in several countries and shown to have significant impact in reducing the overuse and misuse of antibiotics and injections, the second International Conference on Improving Use of Medicines held in Chaing Mai, Thailand from March 30 to April 2, 2004 recommended that the MTP strategy be scaled up and replicated in other countries. Ineffective and often harmful prescribing and use of medicines remains widespread in many countries in the Western Pacific and South-East Asia, and WHO is collaborating with Australian Government Overseas Aid Program (AusAID) to train participants from countries in the two regions to implement MTP. (excerpt)
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  11. 11

    Report on the field test of the WHO Decision-Making Tool (DMT) for family planning clients and providers in Indonesia. Draft.

    Kim YM; Church K; Hendriati A; Saraswati I; Rosdiana D

    [Unpublished] 2003 May 14. 11 p.

    This field test assessed the acceptability and usability of the Decision-making Tool for Family Planning Clients and Providers (DMT) in ten Puskesmas (public clinics) in two districts of West Java province in Indonesia. The study was conducted by the INFO Project at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs (CCP) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and CCP's STARH Program in Indonesia. The assessment focused on the following areas: the comprehensibility, usability, and acceptability of the DMT among providers and clients; how the DMT can facilitate or hinder the family planning (FP) counseling process; how the DMT can help clients make appropriate decisions in order to solve problems regarding FP; how providers integrate the flipchart into their daily work; and changes needed to increase the impact of the DMT on the FP decision-making process and client-provider communication. WHO, the Population Information Program at CCP (now the INFO Project), and INTRAH developed a normative model of client-provider communication to provide a theoretical foundation for improving FP counseling. Drawing upon this model, the Promoting Family Planning team of the Department of Reproductive Health and Research at the WHO and CCP created the DMT in a flipchart format. The tool seeks to improve the quality of counseling by: promoting informed choice and participation by clients during family planning service delivery; facilitating providers' application of evidence-based best practices in client-provider interaction; and providing the technical information clients need in order to make optimal choices and to use contraceptive methods. (excerpt)
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  12. 12

    Prevention of HIV / AIDS and Drug Abuse. Final report of the regional workshop, Beijing, 25-29 August 1997.

    Workshop on Prevention of HIV / AIDs and Drug Abuse through Quality Improvement of Curriculum and Teaching / Learning Materials in Asia and the Pacific (1997: Beijing)

    [Unpublished] 1997. [43] p.

    This is a report of the Workshop on "Prevention of HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse through Quality Improvement of Curriculum and Teaching/Learning Materials in Asia and the Pacific" held from 25 to 29 August 1997, in Beijing, China. The Regional Strategy, which is considered the most important outcome of the Workshop, is published in a separate document. The Regional Strategy aims to inform policy on "Preventive Education against HIV/AIDS" in the school setting. Participants to the Workshop were from several Asian countries-China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand and representatives of several organizations, e.g. the Southeast Asia Ministers of Education Organization Regional Tropical Medicine and Public Health Network (SEAMEO-TROPMED); UNDCP and UNESCO Bangkok and Jakarta. In total twenty-two (22) participants and one (1) resource person were present at the workshop. The involvement of UNDCP represents a deliberate strategy to coordinate and streamline activities of common interest across HIV/AIDS and drug use prevention issues. The workshop outcomes are: the Situation Analysis on Preventive Education Against HIV/AIDS in seven countries; the identification of 'best practice' from the region; the formulation of a regional strategy framework and the regional and country plans for follow-up actions. According to the participants, this project is a 'milestone' on preventive education, because in addition to the professional outcomes it has a value-added component which has encouraged the desire to mobilize resources and expertise among partners. The participatory process of the workshop created strong teamwork and encouraged motivation for further work. (excerpt)
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  13. 13

    Talking about AIDS in schools: an AIDS workshop design for school principals, administrators and teachers.

    UNESCO; Rotary International

    New Delhi, India, UNESCO, 1997 May. [30] p.

    As the lead United Nations agency for education, UNESCO's aim in the field of AIDS preventive education is to encourage the development of effective educational strategies, internationally and regionally. These strategies have been adapted to various sociocultural contexts in ways which provide the means for young people to protect themselves from HIV infection. The complex nature of the problems connected with HIV/AIDS calls for a knowledge of the sociocultural, ethnic and scientific aspects of the disease, as well as mastery of communication techniques. In addition, AIDS prevention through education goes hand in hand with the ethics of human relations and with the struggle for human rights, for it is often fear and ignorance that lead to ostracism of, and discrimination against, people living with HIV/AIDS. Over the past years, UNESCO New Delhi has worked extensively for the promotion of HIV/AIDS preventive education within the formal school system in South Asia. Addressed mainly to educational decision-makers, UNESCO's approach enjoys the whole-hearted co-operation of the Ministers of Education, specialised institutes and non-governmental organisations such as professional teachers' organisations parent-teacher associations. The rapid spread of HIV/AIDS and the increasing evidence that younger people, including adolescents risk getting infected with HIV makes it imperative that they be educated on how to protect themselves. Schools have an important role to play in disseminating education to a large number of young people. This advocacy workshop design has been developed to initiated a process in New Delhi schools, by which preventive education on AIDS/STD for adolescents will have acceptance and the full support of school principals, administrators, teachers and parents of secondary school students. We would like to acknowledge the crucial support of the Chanakyapuri Rotary Club - District 3010 for introducing this approach to Rotary Interact member schools, and the Naz Foundation (India) Trust for providing the essential training resources. We believe that preventive education on HIV/AIDS can help young people acquire health-related knowledge, values, skills and practices, to be able to pursue a healthy lifestyle and also to work as agents of change for the health of their communities. School-based AIDS preventive education will continue to have our highest consideration. (excerpt)
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  14. 14

    The role of the traditional midwife in the family planning program. Report of National Workshop to Review Researches into Dukun Activities related to MCH Care and Family Planning.

    Indonesia. Department of Health; Indonesia. National Family Planning Coordinating Board [BKKBN]; Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association; Universitas Indonesia

    [Jakarta], Indonesia, Department of Health, 1972. 83 p.

    A number of studies conducted already have revealed that there are possibilities of using dukuns as potential helpers in the family planning programme. Bearing in mind that the number of dukuns at the present time is large, it is easy to imagine that they are capable of contributing a great deal towards progress in our family planning programme provided that the dukuns are assigned a role which is appropriate. In this respect, I am only referring to dukuns whose prime function is helping mothers during pregnancy and immediately afterwards, and who have close contact therefore, with the target of the family planning programme, i.e. the eligible couples. It would indeed be very helpful, if we could find out from the available data and from the results of applied research what exactly is the scope and usefulness of dukuns in the family planning programme. It seems to me that in this project we have to consider a twofold problem. The first aspect of the problem is that the dukuns are mostly of an advanced age and they are illiterate. The second aspect is that in spite of relationships with MCH centers extending over a period of years most of the dukuns still prefer their own way of doing things and they remain unaffected by modern ways of thinking. (excerpt)
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  15. 15

    Proceedings of the Workshop on Strategies for Implementation of Rajasthan Population Policy, Jaipur, January 20, 2000.

    India. Rajasthan. State Institute of Health and Family Welfare. Population Resource Centre; Futures Group International. POLICY Project

    Jaipur, India, Rajasthan State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Population Resource Centre, 2000. xiv, 50 p.

    The living standards of the people of the state can be improved only by formulating and implementing a policy that will effect appropriate changes in the size, structure and distribution of population. The Population Policy of Rajasthan indicates the qualitative demographic goals to be achieved, within a defined time frame and states the proposed interventions and innovations to achieve the specified goals. However, the strategy for implementation must have the active involvement of all stakeholders. A national workshop on developing strategies was held simultaneously with the release of the Policy. This report, which is the proceedings of the workshop, provides insight into the implementation of the Policy. (author's)
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  16. 16

    Youth and sexuality: a workshop, 1-5 December 1994, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. South Asia Region

    London, England, IPPF, South Asia Regional Bureau, [1995]. 28 p.

    This booklet summarizes the activities of two workshops on youth and sexuality held under the auspices of the International Planned Parenthood Federation's South Asia Regional Bureau in 1994. The first workshop allowed family planning (FP) association (FPA) staff and volunteers to develop a better understanding of 1) the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people, 2) young people's perceptions of sexual health issues, 3) different values and attitudes of individuals working with youth, and 4) the strengths and weaknesses of current FPA youth programs. In addition, participants were able to develop a plan of action for effective promotion of sexual health and FP services for youth. Session topics included country reports on sexuality and reproductive health programs for youth, identifying the major needs and barriers to integrating sexual and reproductive health with other youth programs, defining sexuality, sexual behavior and youth concerns, the generation gap and adolescent sexuality issues, responding to sexual and reproductive health needs, a youth for youth program, and sex education programs for youth. The second workshop was geared towards staff and volunteers of south Asian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) working for youth and towards representatives of government youth ministries. Goals were to 1) identify key issues concerning adolescent sexual and reproductive health, 2) increase understanding of adolescent sexuality, 3) facilitate exchange of information about innovative programs, 4) clarify intervention strategies for integrating youth into national health programs, and 5) establish mechanisms to improve NGO collaboration. In conclusion, a joint workshop session was held during which a youth representative speaker pleaded for access to information and services.
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  17. 17

    NGO's Role and Involvement in the Prevention and Control of AIDS, New Delhi. Report of a regional workshop, 30 October - 1 November 1990.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. South-East Asia Region

    [Unpublished] 1991 Feb 19. [2], 19 p. (SEA/AIDS/22; WHO Project: ICP GPA 511)

    This regional workshop aimed to exchange information, inform nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on the epidemiology and control of AIDS, share the experience of NGOs, identify improvements in the involvement of NGOs in AIDS control programs, and understand the impact of discriminatory measures. Topics for discussion were the global and the southeast Asian regional AIDS/HIV situation and control, the role of NGOs in control, the legal, ethical, and human rights issues in AIDS prevention and control, and the involvement of NGOs in prevention and control of AIDS. participants represented Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, India, and the WHO secretariat. NGOs provide information, education, policy advocacy, training, counseling, and assistance to those affected by HIV/AIDS. The methods used were culturally-sensitive mass media; a positive, holistic, and flexible approach; promotion of self esteem and confidence in target groups; target group representation; maintenance of direct contact and education for specific groups; policy advocacy; research and monitoring functions; peer group formation support; public awareness creation; and provision of medical services. Recommendations were made to NGOs to collaborate with one another and with governments, to help strengthen international and national cooperation for AIDS prevention and control, to monitor media information for reliability and uniformity and contextual relevance and lobby for necessary changes, and to set an example of human and compassionate treatment and respect the rights of AIDS/HIV and marginalized groups to medical and social services and treatment, education, employment, housing, social life, freedom of movement, freedom of choice on blood testing, and freedom from discrimination. NGOs involved need to mobilize other NGOs in AIDS prevention. Governments should include NGOs on national AIDS committees, particularly those which are community-oriented, and not politically affiliated and those which work with women and marginalized groups. Governments need to update curricula and provide family life education including education on AIDS for formal and informal groups and government officials. Governments should also set an example of responsible behavior which respects the human rights of people with AIDS, fund NGOs to train trainers, and use mass media. WHO should be more sensitive to the needs of NGOs and work to keep NGOs in the information loop of international and national governments.
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  18. 18

    Integration of population education in APPEAL. Volume Two. Population education in universal primary education.

    UNESCO. Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific [PROAP]

    Bangkok, Thailand, UNESCO, PROAP, 1992. [3], 100 p. (Population Education Programme Service)

    As part of the goal to integrate population education into primary school curriculum and literacy programs, workshops were held in 1989 and 1991. The noteworthy teaching materials for primary education included in this document were generated from the experiences in Indonesia and Pakistan. Workshop participants completed questionnaires on various aspects of population education and then visits were made to 3 primary schools in SD Jayagiri, SD Negeri Lembang V, and SD Negeri Cibodas, Indonesia; observations were made and teachers and principals identified their needs. A similar process led to the production of materials for Pakistan after visits to a Muslim community about 4 km from Islamabad and to Saidpur, Pakistan. The materials from Indonesia focused on core messages and submessages on small family size for family welfare, delayed marriage, responsible parenthood, population planning for environmental and resource conservation and development, reorientation of beliefs, and improved status for women. Each core unit had a submessage, objective, content, method or format, target audience, and learning activity. For example, the core message on small family size for family welfare contains the message that a family needs a budget. The objective is to develop an awareness of the relationship between family needs and family income. The content is to stress the limits to expenditures within family resources and a comparison of sharing available resources in a large family. The method or format is a script for radio directed to out-of-school children and class VI. Dialogue is presented in a scene about purchasing food at a local market. The noteworthy curriculum materials from Pakistan focuses on their problems, their population, family, teachings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, implications of population growth, living things and their environment, and Shimim's story. Each issue has a class time, subject, core message, and instructional objective. In Shimim's story, the social studies class is devoted for 45 minutes to the core message about elders as an asset to the family and society. Reading material is provided and the teacher directs questions about the material and tests students with true/false questions.
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  19. 19

    Report of Workshop on Personality Enhancement and Self Awareness for Grass-Root Level Workers (16th, 17th and 18th July, 1992).

    Project SMITA Society

    [Unpublished] 1992. [2], 16 p.

    The Safe Motherhood Immunization and Timely Action (SMITA) Society is a nongovernmental organization (NGO) working in effective communication for sustained behavioral and attitudinal change for social welfare and development programs. The project Communication Support to Programs for Urban Poor supported by UNICEF/UBS entailed collaborating with other NGOs for developing communication strategies applicable to urban slums in support of integrated community development programs. Projects SMITA has helped strengthen the communication skills of grass root level workers (GRLWs) of the 19 NGOs whose program for integrated community development was supported by UNICEF/UBS. During the interaction with GRLWs the need to enhance their confidence and motivation was perceived in order to make them effective communicators. Basti workers also needed to understand themselves and other people, their personality, and the value system. Project SMITA as well as the NGO training center deemed it important to organize a workshop on personality enhancement and self awareness. GRLWs of 18 NGOs working in urban slum areas of Delhi for integrated community development under assistance from UNICEF/UBS participated in the workshop. The objectives of the workshop, held on 3 days in July 1992, were: a) to motivate and enhance the general confidence levels of the Basti workers; b) to help workers become aware of their attitudes towards themselves and towards others, c) to provide the workers with skills necessary for management of conflicts. The areas of focus were: a) understanding others and interpersonal relations; b) achievement motivation; c) self awareness for personal growth; d) feeling and behavior; e) team building; f) resolving conflicts and problem-solving skills; and g) self-disclosure and trust building. Feedback from the participants indicated that the workshop was successful, and regular sessions were suggested by some participants.
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  20. 20

    Strengthening of management of maternal and child health and family planning programmes. Report of an intercountry workshop, New Delhi, 27-31 August 1990.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. South-East Asia Region

    [Unpublished] 1991 Feb 14. [2], 20 p. (SEA/MCH/FP/99; Project No. ICP MCH 011)

    >20 participants from UNFPA/UNICEF/USAID and 23 participants from 10 countries from the WHO Southeast Asia Region attended the Workshop on Strengthening of Management of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) and Family Planning (FP) Programmes in New Delhi, India in August 1990. The workshop consisted of presentations and discussions of country reports, technical papers, dynamic work groups, and plenary consensus. The WHO/SEARO technical officer for family health presented a thorough overview on strengthening MCH/FP services in a primary health care setting. Issues addressed included regional status on population growth, urban migration and development. MCH status, management of MCH/FP services, strategic planning, and management information. In Bangladesh, the government integrated MCH services with FP services, but other child programs including immunization, control of diarrheal disease program, nutrition, acute respiratory infection remained with the health division. Obstacles of the MCH/FP program in the Maldives were shortage of trained human resources, preference of health providers to work in urban areas, inadequate logistics, and insufficient supervision in peripheral health centers. A nomadic way of life among the rural peoples posed special problems for the delivery of MCH services in Mongolia where large family size was encouraged. Other country reports included Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. A case study of the model mother program in Thailand and the local area monitoring technique in Indonesia were shared with participants. District team work groups identified key MCH/FP management problems including organization, planning, and management; finance and resource allocation; intersectoral action; community participation; and human resource development. The workshop revealed the national health leaders with hopes for WHO technical assistance were developing a rapid evaluation methodology.
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  21. 21

    Reproductive health services in crisis and emergencies.

    CASA BULLETIN. 2000 Nov; 8(1):1, 3.

    A workshop on Reproductive Health (RH) in crisis situations was held March 28-30, 2000, in Kathmandu, Nepal. Its main objective was to increase awareness and capacity of UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Field Offices, the CST and partners, in responding adequately to the RH needs of refugees and internally displaced persons in emergency situations. Included were representatives from various international organizations involved in the delivery of humanitarian aid in emergency situations. One of the important points highlighted in the workshop was that RH is an early priority in emergency situations and that putting RH on the agenda at the beginning of such situations is vital. Other key themes repeated throughout the workshop included the difficulty in establishing good coordination among agencies, and the need for preparedness and maintenance of a level of awareness that the emergency did not occur in a vacuum. Case studies of UNFPA funded programs of emergency assistance from the Central and South Asia region were presented at the workshop.
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  22. 22

    Workshop on "Sexual and Reproductive Health".

    FPAN NEWSLETTER. 1998 Jul-Aug; 18(4):4.

    In Colombo, Nepal, the 7-day "Workshop on Sexual and Reproductive Health," organized by the International Planned Parenthood Federation/South Asia Region Bureau, was attended by all the Family Planning Associations within the region. The workshop in spite of sharing the experiences was very successful in fusing the relevance and importance of the different issues and components of the sexual and reproductive for the country programs. There were four participants from Nepal. The Bureau being committed to integrate sexual and reproductive health components into the existing country-level programs organized the "Sexual and Reproductive Health Workshop" at Family Planning Association in Nepal (FPAN). In addition to the technical support provided by the Bureau, participants of the Colombo Workshop also assisted in the FPAN Workshop enabling them to practice the newly learnt skills. In the inauguration of the Workshop, it was noted that it was necessary to provide sexual and reproductive health services adopting the life-cycle process for program effectiveness.
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  23. 23

    Postabortion care programs: a global update.

    Buffington SD

    In: Workshop proceedings, 20-21 May 1999. Issues in establishing postabortion care services in low-resource settings, edited by Anita Ghosh, Dana Lewison, Enriquito R. Lu. Baltimore, Maryland, JHPIEGO, 1999 Oct. 31-41. (USAID Award No. HRN-A-00-98-00041-00)

    This document presents a global update on postabortion care (PAC) programs, which is a summary of the workshop proceedings on issues in the establishment of PAC services in low-resource settings. The PAC programs, which were initially implemented and designed in 1993, include emergency treatment of complications of spontaneous and unsafely induced abortion, provision of postabortion family planning, and other reproductive health services. Conclusions gathered at the meeting include: the need to build a common framework for PAC, a strategic plan on PAC services, better coordination of PAC programs, and collaboration on common advocacy strategies that emphasize the missions, country leaders, other donors and PAC programs. Several steps have been identified as the key elements of a comprehensive approach to PAC services involving the organization of services, communication, providers, policy and management. Various steps were emphasized as critical in the development of PAC program such as the development of common strategic approach, sharing of lessons learned, focus on fewer countries, address on sustainability and measurement of impact, increase success awareness, mobilization of human and financial resources, clarification of PAC roles and leadership, and collaboration with other donors.
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  24. 24

    Tribal children are most exploited - UNICEF.

    REPROWATCH. 1998 Nov 16-30; 17(4):5.

    A workshop sponsored by the UN Children's Fund in the Philippines examined the status of the children of indigenous people and found that exploitation of the assets of indigenous people in the name of development has resulted in social inequalities that have damaged the indigenous children. As examples of the disregard for the human rights of the children, participants cited projects in Davao, Boracay, and Benguet that have displaced native children. These include mining schemes that have "raped" ancestral lands, large-scale agricultural enterprises, promotion of tourism, and creation of hydroelectric dams. The children rarely benefit at all from any of these projects as their families are moved from a position of isolated independence to one of exploited dependence. Social changes accompanying development ruin traditional culture without providing a better or even similar basis of existence.
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  25. 25

    Roundtable report from IPPF: "Partnership with Civil Society in the Implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action".

    IPPF AND CAIRO PLUS 5. 1998 Aug; (3):[1] p.

    This brief article summarizes proposals of participants at one of a series of UNFPA roundtable meetings in Bangladesh, in 1998, on the role of civil society in implementing the 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development's (ICPD) Plan of Action (POA). The meeting was attended by 70 persons from 30 countries. Participants recommended the creation of a partnership for enabling the implementation of the POA and social mobilization. Partnerships should aid capacity strengthening, accountability, coalition building, and financial stability. Partnerships should also promote full access to quality reproductive health services. Participants urged that civil groups (nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), religious leaders, community institutions, private and professional associations, trade unions, and activist groups) make the language of ICPD more accessible and engaging. Participants identified needs for increasing resources for social mobilization efforts and for greater public dialogue on controversial issues and cultural taboos. Participants recommended the creation of a formal mechanism for linking civil groups and donors. Civil society should reexamine assumptions, priorities and agendas; identify key issues for legislation and policy action; and form joint Plans of Action. The IPPF Director General suggested that partnerships between government and civil groups should balance cooperation and respect for the roles of each sector or organization and operate worldwide. NGOs should maintain their independence and advocacy for change. NGOs in Central and Eastern Europe operate in the aforementioned manner.
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