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Your search found 7 Results

  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    Globalization and women's and girls' health in 192 UN-member countries convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.

    Gevrek D; Middleton K

    International Journal of Social Economics. 2016 Jul 11; 43(7):692-721.

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between the ratification of the United Nations' (UN's) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and women's and girls' health outcomes using a unique longitudinal data set of 192 UN-member countries that encompasses the years from 1980 to 2011. Design/methodology/approach - The authors focus on the impact of CEDAW ratification, number of reports submitted after ratification, years passed since ratification, and the dynamic impact of CEDAW ratification by utilizing ordinary least squares (OLS) and panel fixed effects methods. The study investigates the following women's and girls' health outcomes: Total fertility rate, adolescent fertility rate, infant mortality rate, maternal mortality ratio, neonatal mortality rate, female life expectancy at birth (FLEB), and female to male life expectancy at birth. Findings - The OLS and panel country and year fixed effects models provide evidence that the impact of CEDAW ratification on women's and girls' health outcomes varies by global regions. While the authors find no significant gains in health outcomes in European and North-American countries, the countries in the Northern Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Africa, Caribbean and Central America, South America, Middle-East, Eastern Asia, and Oceania regions experienced the biggest gains from CEDAW ratification, exhibiting reductions in total fertility, adolescent fertility, infant mortality, maternal mortality, and neonatal mortality while also showing improvements in FLEB. The results provide evidence that both early commitment to CEDAW as measured by the total number of years of engagement after the UN's 1980 ratification and the timely submission of mandatory CEDAW reports have positive impacts on women' and girls' health outcomes. Several sensitivity tests confirm the robustness of main findings. Originality/value - This study is the first comprehensive attempt to explore the multifaceted relationships between CEDAW ratification and female health outcomes. The study significantly expands on the methods of earlier research and presents novel methods and findings on the relationship between CEDAW ratification and women's health outcomes. The findings suggest that the impact of CEDAW ratification significantly depends on the country's region. Furthermore, stronger engagement with CEDAW (as indicated by the total number of years following country ratification) and the submission of the required CEDAW reports (as outlined in the Convention's guidelines) have positive impacts on women's and girls' health outcomes.
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    Shared commitment to women's health abroad and at home.

    Sebelius K

    Lancet. 2013 May 18; 381(9879):1689.

    Although not to the same degree as in developing countries, maternal mortality remains a problem in the USA, especially among underserved populations. Pregnant women in the USA are affected by the same life-threatening health disorders as women worldwide: hypertension, hemorrhage, and sepsis, among others. The author discusses in a woman’s ability to obtain health insurance in the USA. The Affordable Care Act, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation have changed the way women access health services during pregnancy and enhanced prenatal care models. The author encourages that all parties assess the state of women’s health in their home countries, which includes both developing and developed countries.
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  3. 3
    Peer Reviewed

    The role of FIGO in women's health and reducing reproductive morbidity and mortality. Special communication.

    Serour GI

    International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2012; 119 Suppl:S3-S5.

    This special communication discusses the vision, values and mission of FIGO, the role of FIGO in women's health, and FIGO's channels for improving women's health.
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  4. 4

    En route to equality: a gender review of national MDG reports.

    United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]. Bureau of Development Policy

    New York, New York, UNDP, 2005. [87] p.

    Gender equality and empowerment of women' -- Goal 3 of the Millennium Development Goals - is at the core of all the MDGs, from improving health and fighting disease, to reducing poverty and mitigating hunger, expanding education and lowering child mortality, increasing access to safe water, and ensuring environmental sustainability. Attempting to achieve the MDGs without promoting gender equality will both raise the costs and decrease the likelihood of achieving the other goals. The reverse is equally true -- achievement of Goal 3 depends on progress made on each of the other goals. Tracking gender gaps and inequalities in relation to each of the other MDG targets and indicators is therefore as critical as accurate reporting against Goal 3. (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    Making a difference: goals for improving the health of women and children globally.

    Callister LC

    MCN. American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. 2006 Jul-Aug; 31(4):271.

    Each year more than 500,000 women die from pregnancy-related causes, and 11 million children aged less than 5 years die from causes that are mostly preventable. Are you aware of the work being done worldwide to change this? Is there anything you can do to help? In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced millennium development goals for health priorities and included a focus on infectious diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS. Cardiovascular health, cancer, and diabetes were also targeted as health priorities, as were environmental issues such as toxins, tobacco, poor sanitation, and unsafe water supplies. Lifestyle issues such as hypertension, malnutrition, childhood obesity, high-risk sexual behaviors, and substance abuse were noted to be responsible for 33% of deaths worldwide. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    Teaching women to care for themselves in Afghanistan.

    Yacoobi S

    UN Chronicle. 2005 Dec; [2] p..

    Afghan women have one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates. They face many obstacles when it comes to accessing health care: most are rural and do not live close to or cannot access medical facilities, if the need arises. The few existing facilities do not necessarily specialize in obstetric and gynaecological care and cannot always offer quality care. Many Afghan families do not recognize signs of complication during pregnancy and delivery, and may not seek medical attention soon enough to save the lives of mothers and babies. Also ongoing insecurity and cultural norms in the country often keep women from leaving the house to seek urgently needed medical care. Because of cultural pressures, families are reluctant to present women to male doctors, and few female doctors are trained to meet the overwhelming medical needs of women; these conditions constitute a death sentence for thousands of women each year. It is estimated that about 25 per cent of Afghan children die before their fifth birthday from mostly preventable illnesses. The World Health Organization reports that children in Afghanistan are particularly at risk of dying from diarrhoeal diseases that, according to surveys, result in 20 to 40 per cent of all deaths of children under five--an estimated 85,000 children per year. Diarrhoea is also a significant cause of malnutrition, which is a major contributing factor in children's death from other diseases. (excerpt)
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  7. 7

    Ensuring women's access to safe abortion care in Asia.


    [Chapel Hill, North Carolina], Ipas, 2004. (8) [4] p.

    This document compiles facts and recommendations for action to prevent maternal mortality due to unsafe abortion, ensure that legal abortion is safe and accessible for all women, guarantee that legal abortion and postabortion care services are within reach of all women throughout health systems, and review laws and policies that place women's lives in danger. These essential steps to protect women's health and guarantee their human rights--endorsed by the world community over the past decade--require concerted action from health systems, professional associations, parliamentarians, women's organizations and all relevant stakeholders. Implementing safe, legal abortion services, removing barriers to existing services, and informing the public about where they can obtain abortion care are key measures to ensure safety and access to abortion. (excerpt)
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