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  1. 1

    Female circumcision: strategies to bring about change. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Female Circumcision, 13-16 June 1988, Mogadisho, Somalia.

    Associazione Italiana Donne per lo Sviluppo [AIDoS]; Somali Women's Democratic Organization

    Rome, Italy, AIDOS, 1989. VIII, 148, [3] p.

    This book contains the proceedings of the 1988 International Seminar on Female Circumcision in Somalia. The first part relays the introductory addresses presented by the Assistant Secretary General of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party, the Somali Minister of Health, the Italian Ambassador to Somalia, the World Health Organization's resident representative in Somalia, and the President of the Somali Women's Democratic Organization. Part 2 offers five reports on efforts towards international cooperation to eliminate female genital mutilation undertaken by North/South women's organizations, the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, the Foundation for Women's Health Research and Development, and the World Health Organization. Part 3 includes three reports on religious and legal aspects of female genital mutilation, and part 4 presents reports of eradication efforts ongoing in Egypt, Nigeria, the Gambia, and Sudan. The fifth part of the volume is devoted to six reports on aspects of the practice of female genital mutilation in Somalia as well as eradication efforts that involve an information campaign and training. Part 6 reprints the reports of the working groups on health, the law, training and information, and religion, and the final part covers the final resolutions and closing addresses by a UN Children's Fund representative, a representative of the UN Commission for Human Rights, and the Assistant Secretary General of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party. The Inter-African Committee's Plan of Action for the Eradication of Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children in Africa, approved by the seminar, is contained in the first appendix, and a list of seminar participants is attached in the second.
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  2. 2

    Women's caucus advocacy chart.

    Women's Environment and Development Organization [WEDO]

    New York, New York, WEDO, 1996 Jun 1. 17 p.

    This Advocacy Chart complements the Women's Caucus line-by-line Recommendations on Bracketed Text offered to all government and nongovernment delegates from the Women's Caucus. With over one-half of Habitat Agenda in bracket, the Women's Caucus is focusing its advocacy efforts on ensuring positive outcomes from a gender perspective on the outstanding issues be negotiated by delegates. This chart clusters the various brackets under the following headings: Gender Equality, Human Rights, Economics, Environment and Sustainable Human Settlements, Health, Peace, and Implementation and Finance. Previously agreed UN language, which supports their position of retaining or amending much of what is in brackets, is also presented. It is hoped that this chart will be useful in their efforts to ensure that all the hard-won achievements of the global women's movements at previous UN conferences be reaffirmed and promoted.
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  3. 3

    Transnational movements and world politics: the international women's health movement and population policy [abstract]

    Higer AJ


    This dissertation seeks to explain the emergence of the international women's health movement (IWHM), its opposition to international population control policies, and its effects on the population agendas of major international institutions. To do so, it describes the rise of the IWHM, its strategies and tactics over the last 2 decades, and what changes its efforts have brought about in the agendas of three international institutions: the Population Council, the US Agency for International Development, and the decennial UN population conferences. Although much has been written recently about the ways in which the international environmental and right-to-life movements have affected international population policy, no one has looked carefully at what role the international women's movement has played. I argue that the IWHM played a significant role in engendering a conceptual shift in the debate on international population policy, added new issues to institutional agendas, and reshaped the consciousness of population planners. I show that it has accomplished these tasks by organizing outside traditional policy channels over the past 2 decades, and by more recent direct engagement in the policy process. The research methods are interpretative and include interviews with women's health advocates and members of population organizations and careful scrutiny of documents, such as speeches, position papers, agency publications, annual reports, budgets, conference proceedings, and media coverage. By assessing the political influence of the women's health movement in this policy area, this dissertation provides insight into the ways in which transnational movements act upon, shape, and possibly limit the conduct of more traditional actors in the international system. It also sheds light on the conditions under which international institutions respond to pressure from outside constituencies. (full text)
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  4. 4

    Planning for a multi-site study of health careseeking behavior in relation to IMCI, November 4-11, 1997.

    Bhattacharyya K; Burkhalter BR

    Arlington, Virginia, Partnership for Child Health Care, Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival [BASICS], 1997. [8] p. (Report; USAID Contract No. HRN-C-00-93-00031-00)

    This trip report pertains to a 1-week workshop held during November 4-11, 1997. The purpose of the workshop was to plan a study of healthcare-seeking behavior in Mexico, Ghana, and Sri Lanka. The study would develop a community and facility link as part of the WHO Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) initiative. The theoretical framework identifies four types of maternal behavior (recognition, labeling, resorting to care, and compliance) and four types of channels (paid community health workers, volunteer health workers, mother support groups, and informal support from family and others). Project funding would be supplied by WHO. BASICS has the opportunity to collaborate with WHO and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine on the study, which is highly relevant to its work with behavior change and IMCI. The workshop was attended by about 18 persons and included teams from the three study sites. The workshop included presentations, plenary discussions, and small group sessions. The organizing committee prepared a review of the literature on healthcare-seeking behavior, evaluation techniques, WHO protocols for multi-center studies, targets, and budgets. Representatives from the sites prepared an overview of health conditions at their sites and some ideas for the study plan and intervention. The subgroups developed specific draft study plans, which were presented to the plenary. Final proposals are due in Geneva by November 30, 1998. BASICS will develop a review of mother support groups and provide position papers to sites.
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  5. 5

    Women's perspectives.

    Cottingham J

    In: Annual technical report, 1992, [of the] World Health Organization [WHO]. Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction. Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1993. 285-9. (WHO/HRP/ATR/92/93)

    One goal of the World Health Organization's Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction has been to broaden communication with women's groups in order to ensure that 1) women's perspectives are integrated into research and institution-strengthening activities and 2) that women's perspectives are represented in the process of broadening contraceptive choice and establishing research priorities in reproductive health on the national level. Based on recommendations received at a February 1991 meeting on "women's perspectives on the introduction of fertility regulation technologies," efforts were made during 1992 to promote a dialogue between scientists and women's groups. These efforts included an Asian regional meeting on the above topic. Recommendations from this meeting were that 1) contraceptive selection and provision must occur within an overall service context, 2) women should be involved in determining national research needs and priorities, 3) the reproductive health responsibilities of men must be promoted, 4) research should be conducted on the reintroduction of barrier methods and user perspectives of safety and acceptability, and 5) services should respond to the various needs of all women, should be assessed before a method is introduced, and should be available to men also. During a meeting in Geneva, women's health groups expressed concerns about the development of fertility regulating vaccines, specifically about general effects on the immune system, effects on diseases (including HIV), effects on a fetus, and how a woman would know if the pregnancy protection level of the antibody titre dropped. In addition, information dissemination has taken place between women's health networks and journals and researchers working on human reproductive issues. The participation of women health advocates into the Programme's committees has been fostered, and a network has been established with women scientists. Similar activities are planned for the next three years.
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  6. 6

    Working notes on women's participation and perspectives in health issues. Discussion note.

    Thapa R

    [Unpublished] 1992. Presented at the International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD], 1994, Expert Group Meeting on Population and Women, Gaborone, Botswana, June 22-26, 1992. 11 p. (ESD/P/ICPD.1994/EG.III/DN.6)

    The discussion paper in preparation for the International Conference on Population and Development scheduled for 1994 focused on the following emerging issues: 1) the question of whether women's organizing within government and nongovernmental organizations could be successful by adoption of a cooperative approach to achieving Health For All goals for women and children; 2) the question of whether women as a collaborative team could select one particular health problem and use a gender-based analysis to involve appropriate sectors in improving the quality and use of maternal-child health and family planning (MCH/FP) services; 3) the question of whether women could be catalysts in promoting women's perspectives in solving a given problem; 4) the question of whether a package of indicators could be developed for monitoring women participation in the health sector; and 5) the question of whether women could disseminate and use information for improving women's role in health and related sectors. The assumption was that there was not one women's perspective, but many perspectives. The most important perspectives on equitable access and control over the means of MCH/FP would be concerned with technical information and economic resources. Other important issues were family needs, physical proximity and scheduling of MCH/FP clinics, language and symbols appropriate for women, women's feelings about the specific experiences of childbirth and family planning, user-provider relations, time allocation for use of MCH/FP, cultural and social acceptance of women's use of health care, and approval by husbands and family. An important feature was women's empowerment to become major actors in MCH/FP. Constraints were identified as insufficient country-specific information, tools for integrating women in MCH/FP, lack of a budget within MCH/FP, and inadequate sectoral and donor coordination. Gender roles have been socially constructed, and a change to more equitable conditions would substantially improve women's and children's health. Women's vulnerability to illiteracy, poverty, passivity, uncontrolled fertility, preventable diseases, and premature death were largely due to women's discrimination and not just biomedical and socioeconomic conditions.
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