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Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 1993. vii, 119 p. (WHO/NUT/MCH/93.1)This World Health Organization (WHO) publication was prepared to provide current technical information and recommendations to policymakers and program planners involved in the promotion of breast feeding. This book summarizes the discussions and recommendations that grew out of the 1990 WHO/UNICEF Technical Meeting on breast feeding. The first chapter presents a technical overview of global breast-feeding prevalence and trends for each WHO region (Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Europe, Southeast Asia, and the Western Pacific). Chapter 2 looks at the practices related to breast feeding in maternity care services and in postnatal services. The implementation of programmatic changes to support breast feeding as well as cost issues are also considered. The third chapter provides a technical overview of lactation management training as well as a comment on program implementation. Chapter 4 considers the role of breast-feeding support groups from a technical and implementation viewpoint. Chapter 5 is devoted to issues of information, education, and communication in support of breast feeding as well as examples of program implementation in Brazil, Iran, Guatemala, Australia, and Kenya. Specific problems in implementation are also covered. The final chapter discusses breast feeding in working situations and covers such issues as maternity and child care entitlements on the international, national, community, and individual levels as well as cost issues. Each chapter contains specific recommendations, referrals for further reading, and references (if applicable). The Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion, and Support of Breastfeeding is annexed to the volume.