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  1. 1

    Violence against women: a multi-dimensional phenomenon.

    Innovations: Innovative Approaches to Population Programme Management. 2001; 9:1-18.

    The phenomenon of violence against women (VAW) and even girls has permeated all layers of society for centuries, and, sadly, it still echoes true in the current century. The most commonly used definition from Article 1 of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993, describes violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” Both males and females experience violence in one form or another, but females constitute a higher percentage of victims of violence through the lifespan, from pre-birth up to old age. They are denied the chance to be born, to survive after birth and to live a healthy life free from the various kinds of violence. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    Challenge to the new political and military order.

    Brunet A

    Women and Environments International. 2003 Spring; (58-59):18-20.

    The idea is not for us to stop our work within the UN's proceedings, but rather to better focus our contributions. More importantly, it is to question new trends, new concepts which superimpose the rights of some upon others, a diplomatic maneuvering which too often allows a right to be forgotten. What was clear yesterday has today become obscure. It isn't a set of laws we deal with, but rather a labyrinth we venture into, in total darkness. Beyond the construction of this labyrinth, very little interest is given to the responsibility of states, corporations, and big busnesses in the militarization of our societies. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Gender, access to learning and production of knowledge in Africa.

    Assie-Lumumba NT

    In: AAWORD / AFARD 5th General Assembly (19-24 July 1999). "Visions of Gender Theories and Social Development in Africa: Harnessing Knowledge for Social Justice and Equality, [compiled by] Association of African Women for Research and Development [AAWORD]. Dakar, Senegal, AAWORD, 2001. 95-113. (AAWORD Book Series)

    This paper analyzes some implications of the persistent under-representation of girls and women in education in Africa, with a specific reference to women's limited participation in knowledge production. It also examines the negative impact of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund’s structural adjustment programs on Africa’s educational system. The first section presents a conceptual and historical discussion of the issues. The second section addresses the current educational distribution along gender lines, noting especially the lack of women in higher education. The author also warns women to question whether the values transmitted through higher education perpetuate norms of patriarchy and inequality. The third section examines African women's role in the production of knowledge.
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