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  1. 1

    A participatory evaluation of the life-skills training programme in Myanmar.

    UNICEF; Population Council

    [New York, New York], Population Council, 2000. viii, 28 p.

    In 1993 UNICEF/Myanmar launched an innovative project aimed at preventing the further spread of HIV/AIDS in Myanmar through the promotion of reproductive health. One of the activities undertaken was life-skills training for women and youth, conducted in collaboration with the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) and the Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association (MMCWA). The objective of the life-skills training activities was to encourage and promote informed decision making and care-seeking behavior among youth and women. The training aims to provide detailed and accurate information concerning sexuality, birth spacing, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and HIV/AIDS, and to provide skills for youth and women to enable them to cope with their daily lives and become proponents of community mobilization. This report presents findings of a participatory evaluation of the life-skills training activities implemented in late 1997 and early 1998. At the time of the evaluation, life-skills training had been conducted in 27 project townships. MRCS activities targeted youth aged 15-25 years, and MMCWA worked primarily with married women aged 20-40 years. Eight project townships were identified as project evaluation areas and one township was selected as a comparison township for each of the implementing organizations. In each of the selected project townships in-depth interviews and focus-group discussions were conducted with trained and non-trained individuals in urban and rural areas. The evaluation used a highly participatory approach in order to encourage self-reflection among the local implementing agencies. This report summarizes the findings and recommendations resulting from the participatory evaluation. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    [Women's right to participation in the Peruvian legal system] El derecho a la participacion de la mujer en el sistema juridico peruano.

    Bazan Chacon I

    In: Los derechos de la mujer: comentarios juridicos. Tomo II, edited by Maria Isabel Rosas Ballinas and Mery Vargas Cuno. Lima, Peru, DEMUS, Estudio para la Defensa de los Derechos de la Mujer, 1998 Nov. 267-76.

    This work reflects on the right of women to participate as it is treated in the international juridical system, in constitutional law, and in Peruvian legislation. The right to participate is based on the essential dignity of the person, an inherent trait rather than a faculty conceded by the state or social group. The right to participate is a human right characterized by universality, integrality, and indivisibility with other rights. Participation may be exercised in individual or associated form, and includes the spheres of political life (traditionally the most developed) as well as economic, social, and cultural life. A country is democratic because its regimen is not just representative, but participatory. The work examines the right to participate as treated in such international instruments as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Civil and Political Rights Pact, and the Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, before examining its treatment in the Peruvian constitution and legislation. The work concludes that the incorporation of international law as part of Peruvian law situates the international instruments alluding to women’s rights at the highest level. The interpreter should apply the most protective instrument, whether it is the written text of the constitution, the international human rights treaties, or the declarations of rights. If the internal law offers inferior protection, the constitutional or international law should be applied. Suggestions are presented for legislation that would promote exercise of the right to participation.
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